JR Test Site News for 12-31-2017

Software Test Methodology To test a program, a number of inputs are applied and the program response is observed. A. Black-box testing: When test generation is done by only considering the input/output description of the software, nothing about the implementation of the software is assumed to be known. While test generation using the white-box approach is not common, evaluation of test effectiveness often requires use of structural information. Test Case Generation: Automatic test case generation can be an extremely important part of achieving high reliability software. Arbitrarily generated tests can find defects with high testability relatively easily; however, these tests can become ineffective as testing progresses. Specificationbased test generation can ensure that the different test cases cover at least some different functionality by partitioning the functionality and probing the portions. Orthogonal to the test generation strategy is question of test vector distribution. Beizer has called such testing “kiddie testing at its worst. One can build a library of small test scripts which can be combined to obtain different test sequences. Test Harness: A software under test needs to interface with a capture-replay tool as well as a data-base system and perhaps with other systems also. Such a test execution environment is termed a test harness. Some test harness generators like Cantata have recently become available Coverage Analyzers: It is impossible to test a program exhaustively. Load/performance tester: These tools allow stress testing of client/server applications, which are often expected to work correctly under high loads. SQA LoadTest allows stress testing of Windows client/server applications, Final Exam Internet Load Test is specifically for web applications. Htm, includes information and links to a very detailed list of tools classified into test design Tools, GUI test drivers and capture/replay tools, load and performance tools, non-GUI test drivers and test managers, other test implementation tools, test evaluation tools, static analysis tools and miscellaneous tools.

Keywords: [“Test”,”Tool”,”Coverage”]
Source: http://www.cs.colostate.edu/~malaiya/tools2.pdf

QTP, BA, Selenium Courses with Placements Assistance

GET Software Services Inc is a premier software testing training company based in North America. We offer online live tutor Software Testing Training for Software Testing, Quality Center, Jira, SQL for beginners, BA, Selenium and HP UFT. We pride ourselves in being a one-stop shop for all Software Testing related training including Functional Testing, User Acceptance Testing, Testing Tools, Automation scripting, these topics are all part of our software testing course. Our Software Testing training covers basics of databases, SQL queries, Unix, Windows which are crucial and handy once you start your career as a Quality Assurance professional. We also offer a unique 3 month on the job support for our candidates, once you start working as a software testing professional, in case you need any help, we are here to solve any issues you may face. Satisfaction of our previous batch participants is the key to our success. We have conducted more than 200 batches of software testing training and trained more than 2500 candidates successfully. Most of our participants come through word of mouth referrals. Since we are an online global software training company, we have students from all over the globe successfully attending our Software testing courses – USA, Canada, UK, Australia, and India. Our Software testing training benefits candidates who want to start a career in software testing as well as experienced software professionals who would like to fine-tune their testing skills and also those preparing for professional certifications like ISTQB and others. Our trainers are certified professionals with a rich IT testing experience. Come and meet our trainers, clarify your doubts and get career advice. Our principal trainer comes with more than 18+ years of industry experience, so do come talk to us, for any query relating to Software Testing, Quality Assurance, Quality Center, Automation Tools, Software Testing jobs, and Certifications. We offer a unique ‘1 week free’ trial class, so you are welcome to try the class before you decide to join our complete software testing course.

Keywords: [“testing”,”Software”,”trained”]
Source: http://www.getsoftwareservice.com

Professional Education and Development

Individuals must take the Accuplacer test. If you have taken college level Algebra and English, please provide us with an unofficial transcript to waive taking the test. Take the Accuplacer at UVU’s testing center, located at the corner of 1200 W and 800 S in Orem. Software Testing Courses For times and schedule, please click on “Register Now” below. Students will learn why it is necessary to test software, understand the role of the tester in the development process, and be introduced to the terms and definitions used in the software testing field. Students will learn the basic principles of software testing and will understand the psychological factors that influence the success of testing. Students will be introduced to different types of tests and testing environments, and they will be exposed to real life testing situations and have hands-on experience using basic testing techniques. Finally, students will learn about different career options and certifications in software testing. At the completion of this course students should be able to develop a test plan, design, implement and execute software test cases using a variety of testing methodologies, and evaluate and report on the results of their tests. Students will work with several different types of tests and testing environments, and will understand through case studies how to apply these to real life testing situations. A basic foundational course introduction to current programming language, especially designed for automated software testing. Pre-requisite: Software Testing Certification or significant similar experience. Automated Software Testing CertificateThis course provides an introduction to automated software testing. Course Objectives including explaining usefulness of automated testing and circumstances for its use, identify and explain the purpose of a framework, write groups of automated tests using an industry standard framework and a high-level programming language, and organize and execute a structured test suite. Prerequisite: UVU Software Testing Certificate or significant software testing experience.

Keywords: [“test”,”Software”,”course”]
Source: https://www.uvu.edu/ce/professional/software-testing.html

JR Test Site News for 12-31-2017

Software Testing Tools Course by SDT

This program will help you make that decision by assisting you in establishing or significantly improving your use of software testing tools. The proper use of tools makes testing easier, more effective, and more productive. This course clearly describes the types of tools available, identifies the leading tool vendors, and dynamically demonstrates key tools. Leverage the experience of over 400 companies as you learn a process for selecting and implementing tools. This course has been referred to as the “Consumer Reports of Software Testing Tools”. Learn how to prioritize your needs, evaluate tools, integrate tools into your environment, and measure the resulting lowered cost and improved quality. Ways to evaluate the best tools for your specific requirements. Opportunities for using tools early in the product life cycle, thus lowering costs and improving quality. MAKE TEST AUTOMATION WORK FOR YOU. The Software Development Technologies Software Testing Tools Program will help you establish or significantly improve your use of software testing tools throughout the product life cycle. Representative, full-function tools are dynamically demonstrated using the latest electronic presentation methods. A process for selecting and implementing tools is presented, highlighting the most significant opportunities for automated software testing. FIND THE BEST TOOL FOR YOUR ENVIRONMENT. Don’t be confused by the hundreds of software testing tools available today and the medley of vendor promises. Benefit from evaluations of the leading testing tool vendors in terms of product quality, technical specifications and support, management capabilities and company maturity – boiled down to a “Best in breed” testing tools list. Referred to by the Gartner Group as the “Consumer Reports of Software Testing Tools,” SDT focuses on the practical aspects of automating your test process and introduces you to several test tools including demonstrations of key tools. What step to take first in your automation effort which type of tool is right for you, and the shortlist of the best SW test tools for your unique environment.

Keywords: [“tool”,”test”,”software”]
Source: http://www.sdtcorp.com/testingtools.html

Software Testing Methodologies and types of testing

There are different types of methodologies used in the field of software testing and quality assurance. There are different types of techniques and methodologies involved in testing. In most software testing methodologies, functional testing involves testing the application against the business requirements. The functional testing part of a software testing methodology is typically broken down into four components -. Unit testing, integration testing, system testing and. The Unit testing part of a software testing methodology is the testing of individual software modules or components that make up an application or system. This testing is listed under the black-box testing method, where the software is checked for user-expected working conditions. The acceptance testing part of a software testing methodology is the final phase of functional software testing and is conducted before the software is handed over to the client. There are two types of acceptance testing – one that is carried out by the members of the development team, known as internal acceptance testing, and the other that is carried out by the customer, known as external acceptance testing. In case the test is performed by the end users of the software, it is known as user acceptance testing. There are several different types of performance testing in most software testing methodologies, for example: performance testing is measuring how a system behaves under an increasing load, load testing is verifying that the system can operate at the required response times when subjected to its expected load, and stress testing is finding the failure point(s) in the system when the tested load exceeds that which it can support. The usability testing part of a software testing methodology looks at the end-user usability aspect of the software. There are a few basic testing methods that form a part of the software testing regime. The tester will simulate the software to to user environment by providing different inputs and testing the general outputs. The testing where part knowledge of the code is necessary to carry out the test is called gray-box testing.

Keywords: [“test”,”software”,”system”]
Source: http://www.qaquestions.org/manual-testing/software-testing-methodologies…

5 Reasons We Need Software Testing

The software testing community is one of active discussion and debate, and that’s just the way we like it. Still, there is at least one thing we can agree on: software testing is an integral part of software development. How do you convince upper level management, classmates at a high school reunion, or your grandma that the work you do as a tester matters? Software testing is needed to verify that your new scheduling functionality, documentation link, or live chat widget works as intended. A cool new feature may break a forgotten legacy feature – but hopefully regression testing catches the problem before it reaches users. Regardless of development methodology and whether or not your team refers to “Requirements,” the ultimate goal of testing is the same: to make sure that what is created does what it’s supposed to do. Something that works when one person is using it may not work when hundreds are, and software testing is the key to discovering those issues so you can fix them. Michael Bolton wrote an excellent piece on that most dreaded of bug report shut-downs: “No user would ever do that.” Too often we testers put a lot of effort into writing up a detailed, reproducible report on a bug we’ve discovered only to be told by management or a developer that the bug doesn’t need to be addressed since, as they see it, it represents an edge case so remote that no user will ever encounter it. Exploratory testing and general testing outside the specs can uncover pretty crazy bugs; the tricky part is figuring out where fixing them falls in the priority. All this variety is great, but it also makes testing for compatibility essential. Testing on multiple devices, browsers, operating systems can help ensure your website works for as many of your users as possible. Ultimately, we need software testing because if we’re putting a website or app out there, it’s our responsibility to make sure it’s something we can be proud of and have confidence in. I’d love to hear your answers to the question “Why do we need software testing?”. For more testing updates, follow Cullyn and Tellurium on Twitter!

Keywords: [“tester”,”work”,”software”]
Source: http://www.te52.com/testtalk/2014/08/07/5-reasons-we-need-software-testing

JR Test Site News for 12-31-2017

Software testing consultancy

nFocus Testing provides a complete testing service, including a unique approach to testing within Scrum projects, Application Lifecycle Management Consultancy, Test Automation, Testing Mobile Applications and Test Resourcing. Microsoftdeliver leading-edge technical consulting and support to help clients gain maximum value from their investment in Microsoft technology. Our clients HarrodsThe world’s most famous department store online with the latest men’s and women’s designer fashion, luxury gifts, food and accessories. Our clients Kier GroupA leading property, residential, construction & services group which invests in, builds, maintains & renews the places where we work, live & play. Our clients EricssonA Swedish multinational provider of communication technology and services. Our clients AxaAXA has been helping people to protect their possessions, themselves and their families, and look after their money, for nearly 300 years. Our clients ViridorViridor is a recycling, renewable energy and waste management company in the United Kingdom, owned by Pennon Group. Our clients Play.comPlay.com is now part of the Rakuten group. Rakuten is one of the world’s leading internet service companies. Our clients Schrodersmanage £187.3 billion on behalf of institutional and retail investors, financial institutions and high net worth clients from around the world. Our clients Telegraph Media Groupare fully integrated, leading, multiplatform media group with the UK’s fastest-growing newspaper website. Our clients BlinkBox Entertainmentblinkbox is the UK’s leading digital movie service, offering 9,000 titles to watch online instantly. As a Microsoft Gold Partner, nFocus has a unique supplier and partnership relationship with Microsoft giving us access to valuable expertise and insight not normally available to other quality assurance specialist organisations. This relationship combined with our enviable track record of delivering testing solutions and services on time and within budget has helped establish us as the “Go-to” supplier of software testing consultancy around Microsoft technology and tools.

Keywords: [“clients”,”Test”,”service”]
Source: http://www.nfocussoftwaretesting.com/home.aspx/Home

Software Testing With Spring Framework

They used the integration testing features offered by Spring framework, to test the application code in Data Access and Service layers. We really liked the testing support provided by Spring framework. I will use a sample loan processing web application to help the readers in implementing an Agile Testing framework in a typical Java EE application and how to use Spring test classes to test the application functionality. Agile software development requires a comprehensive testing strategy in order to achieve the agility and quality in the software development project. Agile testing includes unit testing as well as integration testing. JUnit is the popular testing framework used for writing unit tests. It should be noted that integration testing is complimentary testing, not a substitute for unit testing. Since the testing aspect determines the success or failure of a project, any Java EE framework we use for software development should provide the support for seamless integration of testing into design and development phases. Spring framework was designed based on agile testing strategies to help developers follow sound design and effective unit testing best practices. Spring configuration, dependency injection, data access, and transaction management are some of the concerns that we can test outside the server environment using Spring Testing framework. Spring integration test classes were designed to address various testing concerns so there are different test classes in org. Following table shows some of the test classes provided in Spring framework for integration testing and in what scenarios they can be used. Rod Johnson’s presentation on System Testing Using Spring is an excellent resource on the support Spring Test API offers in unit and integration testing. To compare Spring’s integration testing support, I first wrote the funding service integration test without using Spring test classes. Let’s take a look code examples of these unit and integration test classes to see how many boiler-plate testing tasks are automated by Spring Testing API so the developers can focus on asserting the actual business logic.

Keywords: [“test”,”application”,”Spring”]
Source: https://www.infoq.com/articles/testing-in-spring

An Introduction to Software Test Automation – IndicThreads

Thisarticle is an introduction to software test automation and will serveas a tutorial to the testers who are new to Test Automation. Topics covered includean introduction to testing, different types ofautomation testing and the myths and realities of Test Automation. Though there are many formal definitions of software testing it basically boils down to “Software testing is a process used to identify the correctness, completeness and quality of developed computer software.”In reality, testing can never establish the correctness of the software. Manual Testing -is defined as developing and executing tests that rely primarily ondirect human interaction throughout the entire test case, especially interms of evaluating correctness and ascertaining test status. Before starting off with Test Automation, identify the test casesthat can be automated. Thismethodology alone is probably most responsible for software companiesall over the world to give up on test automation out of sheerfrustration and return to manual testing. Having the test data in text / flatfiles gives an added advantage as updating these files does not requireknowledge of any tool, scripting or programming, meaning that thenon-technical testers can easily run the tests, whereas the technicalresources can create and maintain the test scripts. As thescripts are written to test various business functions independently,they can easily be combined in a controlling script in order toaccommodate complex test scenarios. If the test data is updated using some non-standard tool,it can cause problems during test execution. The test automation team can reuse the existing test cases. Before plunging headlong into a test automation project there are a few things that one has to keep in mind. A good test environment should exist for the test automation team. Reality:This kind of attitude is probably most responsible for companiesdiscarding test automation projects and switching back to manualtesting. Inthis article we saw a brief introduction to test automation. Compromising onany of these can easily transform the Test Automation software into a”Shelf-ware”.

Keywords: [“test”,”script”,”automation”]
Source: http://www.indicthreads.com/1329/an-introduction-to-software-test-automation

JR Test Site News for 12-31-2017

Types of Software testing and definitions of testing terms — Software Testing Help

We, as testers are aware of the various types of Software Testing such as Functional Testing, Non-Functional Testing, Automation Testing, Agile Testing and their sub-types etc. Each of us would have come across several types of testing in our testing journey. Alpha testing is carried out at the end of the software development phase but before the Beta Testing. Whenever an input or data is entered on front-end application, it stores in the database and the testing of such database is known as Database Testing or Backend testing. Backward Compatibility Testing checks whether the new version of the software works properly with file format created by older version of the software; it also works well with data tables, data files, data structure created by older version of that software. If testing requires test range of numbers from 1 to 500 then Boundary Value Testing is performed on values at 0, 1, 2, 499, 500 and 501.#11) Branch Testing. Similar to system testing, End-to-end testing involves testing of a complete application environment in a situation that mimics real-world use, such as interacting with a database, using network communications, or interacting with other hardware, applications, or systems if appropriate. Exploratory Testing is an informal testing performed by the testing team. NFT testing involves testing of non-functional requirements such as Load Testing, Stress Testing, Security, Volume, Recovery Testing etc. It is difficult to cover all the system in Regression Testing, so typically automation testing tools are used for these types of testing. The Risk-based testing is carried out if there is insufficient time available to test entire software and software needs to be implemented on time without any delay. Sanity Testing is done to determine if a new software version is performing well enough to accept it for a major testing effort or not. The above-mentioned testing types are just a part of testing. There is still a list of more than 100+ types of testing, but all testing types are not used in all types of projects. So I have covered some common Types of Software Testing which are mostly used in the testing life cycle.

Keywords: [“test”,”application”,”Software”]
Source: http://www.softwaretestinghelp.com/types-of-software-testing

International Software Test Institute

On broader scale software testing can be categorized into Functionaltesting and Non-functional testing. This form of testing is rarely performed by software testers. In order to perform unit testing it is important to have well defined unit test plan and unit test cases. If unit testing is carried out properly then it would also result in a lot of cost saving as the cost of fixing a defect in the final stages of software development are much higher than fixing them in the initial stages. Unit testing is carried on the smallest testable component of the project so the number of test cases and test data are less, and it is not always possible to check all the scenarios for functional and information flow of software application. There are many test cases that can be tested only after the unit has been merged with other units to form a bigger component. This form of testing is carried out a software testing engineer. Generally the bottom up approach is followed first in software testing followed by top-down testing. Once the integration testing phase gets successfully completed it is time to move on to system testing where the system as a whole with all components well integrated is ready for further testing. Once the system has been thoroughly tested via unit, integration and system testing it is time for the quality assurance team to come and have a look at the system and test it for quality with the help of predefined test scenarios and test cases. This form of test is very crucial because there are legal as well as contractual requirements associated with the software for it to be accepted by the client. User Acceptance testing: This form of testing is carried out by the actual user before the software is accepted. This form of testing is performed towards the end of software development where the system can be tested as a whole. This form of testing is carried out by test engineers and other team members and the product is tested from the point of view of a customer. Beta testing: Once the alpha testing is over, beta testing follows in order to improve the quality of the product and see that the product is as per the requirement of the customer.

Keywords: [“test”,”unit”,”software”]
Source: http://test-institute.org/Software_Testing_Levels.php

Software Testing and Quality Assurance Online Forums

List of Forums Software Testing Functional Testing Software Functional Testing – In here you will find basic definitions for QA terms & sample test plans/cases and getting started information. Automated Testing For general discussions about automated software testing tools. Web Testing This forums is for software testing and quality assurance topics related to web sites, web applications and environments only. Performance & Load Testing This forum is designed for performance, stress and load test tools “Non-tool-specific” discussions. Unit Testing Discuss white box and black box unit testing methods including code coverage testing tool, techniques, etc. Figure out what tools are best for you! Security Testing This forum is designed for discussions about security testing. Usability & Accessibility Testing This forum is designed for discussions about usability and accessibility testing. Network & Distributed Testing This forum covers testing in networked and distributed systems. PDAs & Embedded Systems For testing topics related to PDAs like Palm, Pocket PC, Newton or any other embedded systems. Net Testing This forum is for topics related to Microsoft. Option to cc users email list Visual Test Issues related to Visual Test by Rational. Option to cc the users email list XDE Tester – RobotJ This forum is for the new Rational Java test tool XDE Tester, formally known as RobotJ. TestManager For users of TestManager by Rational Software. General Discussion Got a general software testing or miscellaneous quality assurance / QA topic? Need to find directions? Start here! QAChat.net Here you can discuss NON-QA related topics. Training & Certification Looking for a QA training service provider or instructor? Starting or offering a QA class? Want to get certified or have questions about certifications? Post an ad or question here! User Groups Holding a users group meeting? Looking for user groups in your area? Announce your meetings here! White Papers and Articles Software Testing and Quality Assurance white papers and articles. Macintosh This forum is designed for discussing topics about testing on the Macintosh OS..

Keywords: [“test”,”forum”,”topic”]
Source: http://www.qaforums.com

JR Test Site News for 12-31-2017

Reviews,Walkthrough and inspection in software Testing

Static Review provides a powerful way to improve the quality and productivity of software development to recognize and fix their own defects early in the software development process. Nowadays, all software organizations are conducting reviews in all major aspects of their work including requirements, design, implementation, testing, and maintenance. Within a review team, four types of participants can be distinguished: moderator, author, scribe ,reviewer and. His role is to determine the type of review, approach and the composition of the review team. The author:- As the writer of the ‘document under review’, the author’s basic goal should be to learn as much as possible with regard to improving the quality of the document. The manager :- Manager is involved in the reviews as he or she decides on the execution of reviews, allocates time in project schedules and determines whether review process objectives. The review process for a particular review begins with a ‘request for review’ by the author to the moderator. The project planning needs to allow time for review and rework activities, thus providing engineers with time to thoroughly participate in reviews. Basically, During the kick-off meeting, the reviewers receive a short introduction on the objectives of the review and the documents. The distribution of the document under review, source documents and other related documentation, can also be done during the kick-off. During the logging phase the issues, e.g. defects, that have been identified during the preparation are mentioned page by page, reviewer by reviewer and are logged either by the author or by a scribe. If the number of defects found per page exceeds a certain level, the document must be reviewed again, after it has been reworked. Based on the defects detected and improvements suggested in the review meeting, the author improves the document under review. A walkthrough is conducted by the author of the ‘document under review’ who takes the participants through the document and his or her thought processes, to achieve a common. The specific goals of a Inspection are: help the author to improve the quality of the document under inspection.

Keywords: [“Review”,”document”,”defect”]
Source: http://www.abodeqa.com/2014/03/22/reviewswalkthrough-and-inspection-in…

Certified Software Tester Certification Process

Due to the increasing complexity of modern software development projects it is essential that QA/Testers are certified. We have found that in a number of cases there has been a vague understanding of the QA/ Testing Process, and often a lack of the SDLC comprehension tools that are necessary for productive software testing. Software testing to any company’s reputation is bottom-line and without having QA/Testers certified the product released cannot receive top-notched approval from the customer. Ultimately, for a top notch product, you need QA/Testing certified professionals involved in the development process. It is critical to any product’s success to have trained and certified professionals on your QA Team. The Certified Tester Professional certification program can provide focused career training, skill development essential to handling the most complex software projects, and skill development for working professionals. The first step in preparing for the Certified Software Tester certification examination is to determine which of the following preparation processes for the CST Certification examination is right for you: Attend the CST Certification Class or purchase the CST Certification Self-Study Materials. Certified Software Tester and Certified Software Test Analyst programs cover topics considered key in industry best practices. Individuals holding both designations are poised to exhibit the common body of knowledge needed to solve the most complex quality assurance and testing problems. The student must pass the SofTest Certified Tester Professional certification exam, which provide a valid and reliable measure of the common body of knowledge, needed to solve the most complex quality assurance and testing problems. To become a Certified Software Tester, candidates must pass the CST exam. After passing the Foundation exam, candidate is awarded the Certified Software Tester designation. To earn Certified Software Test Analyst status, designation candidates must achieve the Certified Software Tester certification and pass the CSTA exam. Candidate is awarded the Certified Software Test Analyst designation. Candidates cannot skip and return to items during the test.

Keywords: [“Test”,”certified”,”software”]
Source: http://www.software-testing.com/web/CTPP.html

Software Testing: Management & Tools

ABSTRACT.TOPIC: Software Testing: Management & Tools PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper will be to identify procedures programmers can utilize to manage the testing of their projects. The author will list current software available to automate the testing of software during all stages of development. INTRODUCTION. Software testing is the cornerstone behind producing quality software products. This presentation will cover the current state of software testing, the management challenges faced with a comprehensive test plan, and new software testing tools that allow automation of the test process. Many corporations have in-house testing, building test cases by hand, or creating homegrown test tools. TEST TOOLS. Testing tools fall into one of two categories: static test tools and dynamic test tools. Static Test Tools: take a software product and analyze the underlying code that comprises the software. These tools do not test the actual execution of the software. Dynamic Test Tools: test the software system under actual execution with “Live” data. “According to a Japanese software industry,”A survey of 200 Japanese software development groups ranked software test tools as having the highest productivity return on investment, ahead of standard methodology, CASE, any software development tool, and reviews and inspections. Regression Test Tools : The Software Engineering Institute cites that regression testing is the second most common weakness in any software process. In order to utilize this type of testing, you need to be at a SEI Level II. Some preparatory steps an organization can implement before using test-reuse tools are using test scripting languages, test browser, and configuration management tools. Using these tools will allow the development team to trace test cases back the requirements phase, linking each test case with a specific feature outlined in the requirements phase. These test tools generate test cases to cover all decisions or logical paths within code, or they verify how much coverage a test suite covers. Dynamic test tools test the program during actual whereas static test tools test does not involve actual.

Keywords: [“test”,”tool”,”Software”]
Source: http://www-cs.canisius.edu/~spriegel/content/CIS/Software Testing.doc

JR Test Site News for 12-31-2017

Readers who see this description after CSEE&T 2004 is complete, can find the latest set of course materials at www. The first studies black box testing, the second a mix of glass box testing and test-driven programming. We offer several other test-related courses focusing on securityrelated testing, mathematics underlying certain testing models, and special topics of interest in the current year. My foundation vision is that testers are technical investigators, who use a wide array of techniques to discover quality-related information about a product under test. The tutorial considers the course from five angles: Course scope and design Assignments Exams Available materials 2. Course scope and design If I was teaching only one testing course, it would be black box, evaluating the program from the outside. We pick an open source product under development and apply an ongoing series of test techniques to it. In the glass box class, we take on a much smaller program, probably an open source test tool, reverse engineer it, enhance it, evaluate and enhance its unit tests and perhaps its API-level tests. This encourages students to study everything I want them to study in the course, to prepare carefully thought out answers, and to collaborate with other students. There’s more material here than you can cover in a term, but what’s here may cover many or most of the topics you want in your course. Acknowledgements The black box testing course has matured over a 10-year period, with the help of many commercial and academic colleagues. I’ve taught variations of the course over 100 times as professional development short courses, frequently co-teaching with Hung Quoc Nguyen [7, 8, 9], Doug Hoffman , James Bach [1, 5, 6] and Elisabeth Hendrickson. IBM/Rational’s course, Principles of Software Testing for Testers , is a customized version of this course. I’ve also taught an academic version of the course seven times, supervised the teaching of it by Pat McGee, and am now helping other instructors adapt the course to their schools. Recent course development has been partially supported by NSF Grant EIA-0113539 ITR/SY+PE: “Improving the Education of Software Testers.” 7.

Keywords: [“test”,”course”,”box”]
Source: http://kaner.com/pdfs/teaching_sw_testing.pdf

BEST PRACTICE An 11-Step Software Testing Process Example The software testing process example, as illustrated in Figure 19, is an 11-step testing process that follows the “V” concept of testing. The “V” represents both the software development process and the 11-step software testing process. The final step of the “V” process represents both the development and test team evaluating the effectiveness of testing. Based on the extensiveness and completeness of the Project Plan the testers can estimate the amount of resources they will need to test the implemented software solution. Step 2: Develop the Test Plan Forming the plan for testing will follow the same pattern as any software planning process. Step 3: Test Software Requirements Incomplete, inaccurate, or inconsistent requirements lead to most software failures. Step 4: Test Software Design This step tests both external and internal design primarily through verification techniques. Step 5: Program Phase Testing The method chosen to build the software from the internal design document will determine the type and extensiveness of tests needed. Experience has shown that it is significantly cheaper to identify defects during the construction phase, than through dynamic testing during the test execution step. The approach, methods, and tools specified in the test plan will be used to validate that the executable code in fact meets the stated software requirements, and the structural specifications of the design. Step 7: Acceptance Test Acceptance testing enables users to evaluate the applicability and usability of the software in performing their day-to-day job functions. Step 8: Report Test Results Test reporting is a continuous process. Step 9: The Software Installation Once the test team has confirmed that the software is ready for production use, the ability to execute that software in a production environment should be tested. Whenever requirements change, the test plan must change, and the impact of that change on software systems must be tested and evaluated. Step 11: Evaluate Test Effectiveness Testing improvement can best be achieved by evaluating the effectiveness of testing at the end of each software test assignment.

Keywords: [“test”,”Software”,”step”]
Source: http://msqaa.org/Best_Practices/Miscellaneous/TheVConceptOfTesting.pdf

Software Testing and Quality Assurance Forums

Start here if you are a new in software testing, or want to learn about QA or have never used this site before…. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: This forum is designed for members to ask and share QA and software testing interview questions they had. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: Covers topics related to TestComplete by AutomatedQA. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: This forums is for topics related to QA Complete by SmartBear Software. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: This forums is for topics related to Load Complete by SmartBear Software. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: Dedicated forum for soapUI test tool by SmartBear Software. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: Dedicated forum for loadUI test tool by SmartBear Software. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: The forum is dedicated for the AutoCzar testing tool by TestingCzars. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: This forum is dedicated to WebUI Test Studio, the automated testing tools for web application testing by Telerik. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: This forum is designed for topics about JTest; a java testing tool by Parasoft. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: Software Functional Testing – In here you will find basic definitions for QA terms & sample test plans/cases and getting started information. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: For general discussions about automated software testing tools. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: This forums is for software testing and quality assurance topics related to web sites, web applications and environments only. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: Post here to read, discuss and give feedback on software testing white papers and articles posted by our users. VMware, Virtual Server, Citrix, etc…. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: Discuss white box and black box unit testing methods including code coverage testing tool, techniques, etc. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: This forum is designed for discussions about security testing. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: This forum covers testing in networked and distributed systems. Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: This forum is designed for software process improvement topics.

Keywords: [“Forum”,”Actions”,”Statistics”]
Source: http://www.sqaforums.com

JR Test Site News for 12-30-2017

Aptitude Software

Aptitude Software delivers specialist enterprise finance applications to meet CFOs’ needs in the specific industry sectors of Banking, Insurance, Telco and Healthcare. As a result of our recent acquisition of RevStream Inc. on 30th August 2017, we are happy to have extended this to include Software, Technology & Media sectors. We are looking for a Test Engineer to join a Technical Testing team to ensure that our products meets the required quality standards, leveraging fully automated testing approaches built around Continuous Integration/Delivery methods. About Us. Aptitude Software is a finance software specialist focused on equipping Chief Financial Officers to achieve their strategies and ambitions. With our team of 300, we continue to win against the big technology mega-vendors at many of the world’s leading organizations. Many CFOs, financial controllers and finance change specialist firms see the opportunity to help drive profitable growth at their companies. Uniquely, we bring together finance domain expertise, innovative software products and a laser-sharp focus on the CFO’s needs to solve problems that our competitors can’t. What you’ll doSet up and maintain Windows, RHEL/Oracle Linux, and SUSE build and test environmentsProduct build and integration of product modulesPrepare and maintain product installersSet up and maintain testing environmentsDesign, develop, and execute automated testsDesign and execute manual testsDesign, develop, and execute performance and other non-functional tests together with developersPrepare and conduct external certification processes for in-house developed softwareWrite technical documentation for tested softwareWhat you’ll needSolid knowledge of Unix/Linux and script languagesWorking knowledge of relational databases and the SQL language Good command of spoken and written English. Experience in developing or testing of commercial softwareHands-on experience with software versioning and revision control systems, build management, continuous integration servers and testing toolsWhere you’ll be. Please click on the Apply now button below and include your CV and any other relevant information that will help us get to know you better.

Keywords: [“Test”,”Software”,”finance”]
Source: https://www.aptitudesoftware.com/jobs/test-engineer

Software & App Testing

Get your products to market faster and more confidently with a recognized global leader in Software and App Testing. Intertek is an industry-leading software testing provider with offices & expertise around the world. We provide a competitive, middle-ground solution that includes a full spectrum of software testing services for website, desktop, connected home/car, and mobile devices, and we adhere to numerous testing techniques to meet your needs and keep you informed during every step of your product launch. We act as an extension of your QA team, seamlessly incorporating your processes and tools in our testing protocols. Software & App Quality Assurance TestingRun a single test or develop a comprehensive test program with Intertek to identify and prevent software issues before they reach user devices. Cyber Security TestingProtect your brand and user date with security testing from Intertek which includes penetration testing, forensic analysis, network scanning, user policy, data flow analysis and regression testing. Don’t know where to start?Don’t have a test plan or know where start? We’ll plan accordingly for you and your software project. We can review your current test plan, create a new test plan, or customize a new test plan for any of your road blocks. About IntertekIntertek has more than 20 years of experience in software testing and quality assurance services. We have in-house experts and proficient testers with knowledge about your industry, and we equip them with the latest tools to empower our testing process. Device CompatibilityWe conduct tests on various devices to evaluate the application’s performance and potential impact on the device. Toys Software TestingWe test the software in children’s products and toys to protect children from unnecessary exposure to software malfunctions. To ensure success, Intertek can deliver quality assurance testing that covers in store solutions, enterprise management E Commerce, and warehouse management. Security and OWASP TestingOur Security and OWASP Testing is focused on finding high and medium risk vulnerabilities rapidly, comprehensively and affordably. Our testing process includes a mandatory threat profile for any custom components.

Keywords: [“test”,”Software”,”Device”]
Source: http://www.intertek.com/software

The Five Essentials for Software Testing

The following advice should help clarify your thinking about software testing and help you improve the effectiveness and efficiency of your testing. A test strategy that tells you what types of testing and the amount of testing you think will work best at finding the defects that are lurking in the software. A testing plan of the actual testing tasks you will need to execute to carry out that strategy. The purpose of testing is to find defects, not to pass easy tests. A test strategy basically tells you which types of testing seem best to do, the order in which to perform them, the proposed sequence of execution, and the optimum amount of effort to put into each test objective to make your testing most effective. Without a test strategy, you are apt to waste your time on less fruitful testing and miss using some of your most powerful testing options. A testing plan is simply that part of your project plan that deals with the testing tasks. It provides a complete list of all the things that need to be done for testing, including all the preparation work during all of the phases before testing. Your test cases are prepared based on the strategy which tells you how much of each type of testing to do. Except for a small amount of ad hoc testing, all of your test cases should be prepared in advance of the start of testing. Consider how many times you might need to go back to the starting point of the database to restart the testing and how many new customer names you will need for all the testing in your plan. Building a test environment usually involves setting aside separate regions on mainframe computers and/or servers, networks and PCs that can be dedicated to the test effort and that can be reset to restart testing as often as needed. Steps to set up the environment are part of the testing plan and need to be completed before testing begins. If you want to improve your software testing, or if you are new to software testing, one very helpful thing you can do is make sure you have all five of these essentials well in place. Pushing for all five of the essentials and proper timing is one way to significantly improve the effectiveness of testing as an essential part of software engineering.

Keywords: [“test”,”need”,”strategy”]
Source: https://www.isixsigma.com/…/five-essentials-software-testing

JR Test Site News for 12-30-2017

Its Purpose and Definition

Testing with a PurposeSoftware testing is performed to verify that the completed software package functions according to the expectations defined by the requirements/specifications. From the module level to the application level, this article defines the different types of testing. Depending upon the purpose for testing and the software requirements/specs, a combination of testing methodologies is applied. One of the most overlooked areas of testing is regression testing and fault tolerant testing. Functional TestingModule testing verifies that individual software unit performs as expected according to the requirements using a small subset of possible input parameters. At the application level, testing verifies that the entire application functions together according to the requirements. Passing in real world parameters as well as valid but unusual parameters. Parametric TestingAt the module level, testing verifies that individual software unit performs as expected according to the requirements for the full range of valid input parameters. Passing in each parameter at its minimum, maximum and median values, as well as passing in parameters at the minimum and maximum values at the same time. Fault Tolerant TestingModule testing verifies that individual software unit does not perform in a detrimental or unexpected manner for illegal or out-of-range input parameters. At the application level, testing verifies that the entire application functions together in a graceful manner according to the requirements when presented with unexpected and/or out-of-range values. Integration TestingIntegration testing is an additional step that is used when different sub-systems are being developed simultaneously by independent developers. Regression TestingRegression testing is retesting sub-systems/modules/units to insure that modifications to one sub-system/module/unit does not cause unexpected results in another sub-system/module/unit. Why is Regression Testing Necessary?Regression testing is necessary because many times modifications in one part of the code cause unexpected problems in a “Totally unrelated” area of the code. Depending upon the purpose of testing and the software requirements, the appropriate methodologies are applied.

Keywords: [“Testing”,”parameter”,”software”]
Source: http://www.righthandtech.com/software-testing.php

9th International Workshop on Search-Based Software Testing

Claire Le GouesPassing tests is easy: when full coverage isn’t enough. Research in automated program improvement seeks to improve programs by, e.g., fixing bugs, porting functionality, or improving non-functional properties. I will conclude with a discussion of potentially promising future directions and open questions, especially focusing on the potential synergies with search-based automated testing. She is broadly interested in how engineers can construct, maintain, evolve, and then assure high-quality, real-world and open-source systems. Her research is in Software Engineering, inspired/informed by program analysis and transformation, with a side of search-based software engineering. She focuses on automatic program improvement and repair; assurance and testing, especially in light of the scale and complexity of modern evolving systems; and quality metrics. Tim MenziesData Science2 =. I will argue that the limits to test are really the limits to science and the limits to data science. This is an important point since half of “Data science” is “Science” and science is about communities studying each other’s models, while trying to refute or improve those models. Much of the current work is concerned with either the the systems layer required to reason over data set or the creation of dashboards that just let anyone view the data. Accordingly, this talk explores what extra is required in order to perpetually test the models generated by communities working on data science. Tim Menzies is a full Professor in CS at North Carolina State University where he teaches software engineering and automated software engineering. His research relates to synergies between human and artificial intelligence, with particular application to data mining for software engineering. He is the author of over 230 referred publications; and is one of the 100 most cited authors in software engineering out of over 80,000 researchers. In his career, he has been a lead researcher on projects for NSF, NIJ, DoD, NASA, USDA, as well as joint research work with private companies. Prof. Menzies is the co-founder of the PROMISE conference series devoted to reproducible experiments in software engineering.

Keywords: [“engineers”,”test”,”Software”]
Source: https://cse.sc.edu/~ggay/sbst2016

57 Software Testing Interview Questions and Answers

Software reviews refine software, including requirements and design models, code, and testing data. To find the maximum error, the tester and developer should have complete understanding of the software and attempt to check all the conditions that how the software might fail. Structure-based testing techniques are also termed as white-box testing techniques. Component testing is also termed as unit, module or program testing. Differentiate between re-testing and regression testingRegressions Testing: – It means testing new bugfixes to ensure that they don’t cause problems to occur involving problems fixed earlier. How do drivers and stubs relate to manual testing?- Drivers and stubs are a part of incremental testing. A formal testing technique where the programmer reviews source code with a group who ask questions analyzing the program logic, analyzing the code with respect to a checklist of historically common programming errors, and analyzing its compliance with coding standards. Quality Assurance is more a preventive thing, ensuring quality in the company and therefore the product rather than just testing the product for software bugs while testing means ‘quality control’. Inadequate testing – lack of testing causes problem as no one knows if the system will behave as expected. Validation testing is done to test the software in conformance to the requirements specified. Web testing is software testing focusing on web applications. What are the usual difficulties that testers face during software testing?- Incomplete or unclear specifications- Limited resources- Lack of planning regarding testing approach- Unclear priorities- Lack of time for testing. 1) Enables Quick Release – with automatically run regression tests, you can concentrate on testing new functionalities rather than spending time in testing existing functionalities. It is required for each module in white box testing – In Black Box testing, it is required for each feature – It carries information about test cases, strategy and stubs used to test a particular module. Value of a testing group – Testing is a process used for revealing defects in s/w and for establishing that the s/w………..

Keywords: [“test”,”application”,”software”]
Source: http://www.careerride.com/Software-Testing-Interview-Questions.aspx

JR Test Site News for 12-30-2017

Software Testing

Hetzel88] Although crucial to software quality and widely deployed by programmers and testers, software testing still remains an art, due to limited understanding of the principles of software. Software testing can be costly, but not testing software is even more expensive, especially in places that human lives are at stake. Classified by purpose, software testing can be divided into: correctness testing, performance testing, reliability testing and security testing. Classified by life-cycle phase, software testing can be classified into the following categories: requirements phase testing, design phase testing, program phase testing, evaluating test results, installation phase testing, acceptance testing and maintenance testing. By scope, software testing can be categorized as follows: unit testing, component testing, integration testing, and system testing. Because only the functionality of the software module is of concern, black-box testing also mainly refers to functional testing – a testing method emphasized on executing the functions and examination of their input and output data. Contrary to black-box testing, software is viewed as a white-box, or glass-box in white-box testing, as the structure and flow of the software under test are visible to the tester. White-box testing is also called glass-box testing, logic-driven testing [Myers79] or design-based testing [Hetzel88]. Control-flow testing, loop testing, and data-flow testing, all maps the corresponding flow structure of the software into a directed graph. The optimistic stopping rule is to stop testing when either reliability meets the requirement, or the benefit from continuing testing cannot justify the testing cost. Related topics Software reliability Software testing is closely related to software reliability. Definitions of reliability, failure, fault, severity class, operation, operational profile, feature testing, load testing and regression testing are included. 15% chance [Pham95] Software Reliability and Testing, pp29 A collection of papers on software reliability testing. Keywords include: testing, software testing, software reliability, software verification. This page discusses key issues such as testing, software testing, software reliability, software verification.

Keywords: [“test”,”Software”,”reliability”]
Source: https://users.ece.cmu.edu/~koopman/des_s99/sw_testing

Software Testing Courses

The once confusing framework of Software Testing Training courses has now been unified by both certifying bodies. The Software Testing Foundation Level Qualification is aimed at professionals who need to demonstrate practical knowledge of the fundamental concepts of Software Testing. Delegates will enhance their knowledge of testing throughout the software lifecycle and the different software Development models. Delegates will focus on the Software Testing fundamentals including the principles, types, management, and analysis. This course is for anyone involved in any aspect of software testing or who is looking for the more practical approach to the core software testing knowledge. Delegates must hold the Software Testing Foundation level and have at least 18 months experience in software testing. The Software Testing Advanced Level Qualification is aimed at people who have already achieved the Software Testing Foundation certificate and are ready in enhancing their knowledge further. Delegates will understand how to manage a test and the risk behind Software Testing. During this course, delegates will gain a better understanding of the whole testing process and testing in the Software Development Lifecycle whilst planning, monitoring and controlling the Test. Delegates will understand how to do structure-based testing and setting the correct conditions for testing. The Software Testing Foundation Training course prepares delegates for the multiple choice examination for the qualification. The Software Testing Foundation Training course has six main parts: Fundamentals of testing; Testing throughout the life cycle; Static test techniques; Test design techniques; Test management; and Test tools. It extends the knowledge gained in the ISTQB-BCS Foundation Certificate in Software Testing and is one of three certificated courses in the overall advanced scheme. It extends the knowledge gained in the BCS/ISTQB Foundation Certificate in Software Testing and is one of three certificated courses in the overall advanced scheme. It extends the knowledge gained in the Software Testing Foundation Certificate and is aimed at those who have achieved an advanced point in their careers and are expecting to be actively involved in test analysis.

Keywords: [“Test”,”Software”,”course”]
Source: https://www.siliconbeachtraining.co.uk/software-testing-training

Software Testing Template

Need a set of Software Testing templates for your QA team? We’ve created these software testing templates, forms and checklists to help you get started faster, have better tools for your testers, and save you the time involved in finding and creating these templates. You can use these templates to save time when creating test forms, logs and checklists so your Test Department has a standardized approach to testing. The software testing template kit also includes these 27 Microsoft Excel templates. Acceptance Criteria Log – Use this template to capture the acceptance criteria when testing each functional area. Data Access Control – For each Person or Group, identify the individuals who have access to the test cases and their status, e.g. Development has access to the Test Cases for Web Project. Deviation Control Form – Use this form to record minor adjustments that must be made to the system in order for testing to proceed. Issue Submission Form – Use this to describe errors/issues that must be addressed for testing to proceed. Test Preparation – Use this to identify all activities that must be performed before testing commences, such as reviewing specifications and prioritizing test items. Test Case – Use this template to test a specific part of the system as per the Test Plan. Test Script – Enter the Area under test, its Set, whether it has Passed or Failed, with a Description of the Error and its Severity, e.g. L/M/H. Test Script List – Enter the Area under test, its Test Case ID, Bug ID, Bug Fixed Date, Bug Fixed By and Fix verified By details. Test Tracking Report – Use this report to track the progress of the software tests each Week, capture which are Planned, were Attempted and numbers that are Successful. Testing Budget – Use this Excel spreadsheet to plan your quarterly and annual testing budgets. When you download the Software Testing Template kit, you get this 29 page MS Word Test Plan template for free. As part of the Software Testing Template kit, you also get this free 21 page MS Word Acceptance Test Plan template. This 21 page MS Word template outlines the steps required to prepare an Acceptance Test Plan, ensuring that all components of the system are tested.

Keywords: [“test”,”template”,”Log”]
Source: http://www.mysoftwaretemplates.com/software-test-plan-templates

JR Test Site News for 12-30-2017

Free download and software reviews

PassMark’s PerformanceTest makes it easy to test your computer and compare its performance against baseline statistics and other users’ PCs. Benchmarking your PC is important for tweaking its performance, and it’s critical for overclocking. PerformanceTest runs a battery of sophisticated benchmarking tests and returns some expert-level data. With six suites comprising 28 unique tests, it benchmarks the performance of your CPU, RAM, 2D and 3D graphics, disk speed, and more. Recent updates include improved 32-bit performance in Windows 7 and compatibility with Windows 8. PerformanceTest is free to try for 30 days and costs $26. We tried it in Windows 7 Home Premium SP1. The first thing we noticed about PerformanceTest’s user interface is the totally cool rotating 3D motherboard that filled itself with 3D representations of all our system components: CPU, RAM modules, disk drives, and so on. We just had to click on a component to view its data. There’s a good Help file, but PerformanceTest isn’t difficult to use by any means: Click Run Benchmark to start the tests; Manage Baselines to view, manage, compare, and upload baseline data; and Preferences to select various program options. The Help file offers a lot of information about PerformanceTest’s benchmarks, though. For accurate benchmarking, close any open apps before running PerformanceTest. The full battery of tests takes several minutes and includes everything from 3D game scenes to a Mandelbrot set. The tool tracked each step with progress bars and finished with a numerical score we could compare to baseline results or upload to share. The tests showed the capabilities and limitations of our fair-to-middling graphics card and displayed all our logical volumes as separate drives. Tab offered detailed test results, performance data, and graphs for Main, System, Summary, CPU Mark, 2D Graphics Mark, 3D Graphics Mark, Memory Mark, and Disk Mark, with additional tests available under the advanced menu, including Network, CD/DVD Drive, and Disk, as well as a Visualized Physics Test and DirectCompute Test. Many freeware benchmarking tools are out there, but few match this tool’s capabilities. Anyone can use PerformanceTest, but skilled users will benefit the most from its benchmarks.

Keywords: [“test”,”PerformanceTest”,”Benchmark”]
Source: http://download.cnet.com/PerformanceTest/3000-2086_4-10030322.html

IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation

Welcome to IEEE ICST 2016 in beautiful Chicago! To register for the conference, please follow this link. We invite you to contribute to and attend the IEEE International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation 2016! Our focus for 2016 is to show that software testing, V&V can be applied to complex heterogeneous distributed software systems. A multiplicity of various approaches, algorithms and techniques have been developed by the ICST and the rest of software engineering community, and they can and must be applied to large-scale software applications to ensure their correctness and reliability. ICST is the premier conference in all areas related to software testing. The development of a software system involves human judgement and, sometimes, political, legal and social processes. As a result, software testing, verification and validation includes testing, inspections, safety certification, security, privacy and draws upon a wide spectrum of disciplines, including engineering, mathematics and also psychology. Verification and validation touches all aspects of computer science and software engineering research and impacts every software practitioner. ICST seeks to meet these challenges by bringing together researchers and practitioners for a conference that includes all aspects of software testing, verification, and validation. ICST includes research papers, industrial experience reports and presentations, tool demonstrations, and tutorials. For the research papers, ICST seeks high quality original work that has never been published and that advances the state of the art in software testing, verification and validation. For the industrial experience reports, ICST seeks papers and presentations that present real world experience from which others can benefit. Tool demonstrations are also welcome, especially those openly available for others to use. Finally, we are seeking tutorials that are relevant to both practitioners and researchers. Hello and Welcome to this website! I am the General Chair of ICST 2016 and with the OC we will make this event a huge success! Chicago is an excellent venue for meetings of all kinds. We believe is it therefore an excellent site for ICST. Mark Grechanik University of Illinois at Chicago.

Keywords: [“Software”,”ICST”,”Testing”]
Source: https://www.cs.uic.edu/~icst2016

Software Testing Guides, Methodologies, Automation Tools, Testing Forum & News

Softwaretesting.co.uk aims to provide a one stop platform for the latest information guides on software testing methodologies tools, techniques, industry news, a community forum for Software Testing Professionals and Software testing software providers to share experiences to further enhance and develop of this vital component of the software development lifecycle. Software testing was defined in 1979 by Glenford J Myers as “Software testing is the process of executing a program or system with the intent of finding errors.” Software Testing is the most important part of the development process in a project life cycle. When testing starts it is vital all the significant parts are tested before moving on to the next area to be tested. In the early days, software testing was a manual exercise, however today’s testers have to emulate the actions of end users. Every application or software program is built with serious consideration to the end user experience, with emphasis on preventing defects and providing good quality software. During the last 8-10 years there has been a gradual shift from manual testing to automated testing and methodologies like grey-box and white-box testing. Organisations around the world have recognised that improvement in the final quality is paramount in the development of software. “Today the global software testing industry market stands to be worth around $13 billion, $6 billion of which is being outsourced to offshore locations.” It is estimated that software bugs are costing the US economy $59.5 billion every year where over 50% of the cost is absorbed by the end users and rest by the software developers and vendors. Incomplete specification- Poor requirements gathering. Altering requirements – Constant changes on requirements Unplanned project – No planning structure Unattainable Goals – Unrealistic project timetable Poor communication – Stake holders don’t have any information on project status. New technology – introduced to give a good impression to the client. Testers/developers are unskilled using the new technology Bad Communication – between project managers, developers, user testers and business analysts. Short of resources -Inexperienced staff programmers.

Keywords: [“tested”,”software”,”project”]
Source: http://www.softwaretesting.co.uk