JR Test Site News for 01-17-2018

Top 50 Software Testing Interview Questions with Answers

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On the day of Armageddon, when all is in flames, there will be a rich person saying that-though it may sound radical-it may not be too early to start undertaking a study of these problems we seem to have. Ever since Marx predicted that capitalist greed would sow the seeds of its own demise, more optimistic businesspeople have been preaching the need for “Enlightened” capitalism-a version that would keep all the innovation and abundance, but would not be so greedy that eventually the masses would want to chop every rich person’s head off. Our nation’s search for a kinder capitalism so far resembles a car salesman futilely instructing a rich Ferrari buyer not to always drive it 200 miles an hour, as the rich guy floors it out of the lot and never looks back. Aetna, the health insurance behemoth, is in the news after CVS made a $66 billion bid to buy it late last week-the sort of bid that highlights one of capitalism’s long-predicted pitfalls, increasing consolidation and an inevitable rush towards monopoly that ultimately short circuits competition and hurts consumers. The news has cast a new spotlight on Aetna’s CEO, Mark Bertolini, who has himself spoken up about the need for enlightened capitalism in a way that is fairly remarkable, by CEO standards. “CEOs are required to paint a stark reality of what the world looks like in five to 10 years. So it’s not what it is today versus other alternatives today. It’s about what should we be versus what it’s going to look like in five to 10 years from now. And doing nothing, in the current model around capitalism, will destroy capitalism. When 65% of people under the age of 35 believe that socialism is a better model, we have a problem. We have a problem. So unless we change it, it will change-and maybe not in a good way.” Because the enlightened capitalists have been getting rich. A key feature of inequality is that rich people get richer while everyone else does not. What, realistically, is the most effective way for the CEO of a major corporation like Aetna to make meaningful change that will “Lift all boats versus just the 1 percent,” as Bertolini advocates? Sure, the company can try to pay its own employees more, but that would benefit just 50,000 people, not an entire nation. The real opportunity to move our system of capitalism in an enlightened direction would be for the corporate leadership to exert its influence in politics to see to it that more progressive economic tax policies and regulations are passed-policies that would serve to redistribute wealth downwards, rather than upwards, and prevent the drift towards corporate consolidation, and strengthen the position of organized labor in order to raise wages nationwide. How well has Mark Bertolini, advocate of enlightened capitalism, done on this most meaningful measure? According to online political contribution records, over the past two years he made personal donations to Hillary Clinton, Republican Senator Pat Toomey, and former Republican Senator Kelly Ayotte. Toomey is a supporter of the current Republican tax cut plan, which would shower billions of dollars on the very rich, exacerbating the economic inequality that is undermining capitalism in the first place. During the 2016 election cycle, Aetna donated $250,500 to House Republicans versus $150,000 to House Democrats, and $112,000 to Senate Republicans versus $40,500 to Senate Democrats. For the 2018 election cycle, Aetna has already made 72% of its donations to Republicans, including its single larges donation of $10,000 to House speaker Paul Ryan, the architect of the Republican tax cut plan, a policy which is designed to worsen the problems that enlightened capitalists claim to be worried about. For the very rich, taking an unfair portion of America’s wealth and giving back a little is easy.

Keywords: [“rich”,”CEO”,”capitalism”]
Source: https://splinternews.com/why-enlightened-capitalists-never-seem-to-win-1819967646

ON THE QUESTION OF THE NATIONAL BOURGEOISIE AND THE ENLIGHTENED GENTRY

The Chinese revolution at the present stage is in its character a revolution against imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism waged by the broad masses of the people under the leadership of the proletariat. The Chinese revolution at the present stage is a revolution in which all these people form a united front against imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism and in which the working people are the main body. The aim of the Chinese revolution at the present stage is to overthrow the rule of imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism and to establish a new-democratic republic of the broad masses of the people with the working people as the main force; its aim is not to abolish capitalism in general. We should not abandon the enlightened gentry who co-operated with us in the past and continue to co-operate with us at present, who approve of the struggle against the United States and Chiang Kai-shek and who approve of the land reform. Uniting with them does not mean treating them as a force that determines the character of the Chinese revolution. The few right-wingers among the national bourgeoisie who attach themselves to imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism and oppose the people’s democratic revolution are also enemies of the revolution, while the left-wingers among the national bourgeoisie who attach themselves to the working people and oppose the reactionaries are also revolutionaries, as are the few enlightened gentry who have broken away from the feudal class. The former are not the main body of the enemy any more than the latter are the main body among the revolutionaries; neither is a force that determines the character of the revolution. The majority of its members may either join the people’s democratic revolution or take a neutral stand, because they too are persecuted and fettered by imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism. Before the birth of the Communist Party of China, the Kuomintang headed by Sun Yat-sen represented the national bourgeoisie and acted as the leader of the Chinese revolution of that time. After the Communist Party of China was born and demonstrated its ability, the Kuomintang could no longer be the leader of the Chinese revolution. One must not on this account think that we should not have tried during that period to win over the national bourgeoisie politically or to protect it economically, or that our ultra-Left policy towards the national bourgeoisie was not adventurist. At the present stage the majority of the national bourgeoisie has a growing hatred of the United States and Chiang Kai-shek; its left-wingers attach themselves to the Communist Party and its right-wingers to the Kuomintang, while its middle elements take a hesitant, wait-and-see attitude between the two parties. In particular, it will help win over the intellectuals, the national bourgeoisie and the enlightened gentry throughout the country and help isolate the chief enemy of the Chinese revolution, the Chiang Kai-shek reactionaries. It is precisely because they have this role that the enlightened gentry also constitute an element in the revolutionary united front against imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism; therefore, attention must also be paid to the question of uniting with them. During the period of the War of Resistance, what we required of the enlightened gentry was that they should favour resistance against Japan, favour democracy and favour reduction of rent and interest; at the present stage, what we require of them is that they favour the struggle against the United States and Chiang Kai-shek, favour democracy and favour the land reform.

Keywords: [“revolution”,”people”,”unite”]
Source: https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/selected-works/volume-4/mswv4_32.htm

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