What is Orthodox Marxism and Why it Matters Now More Than Ever Before
Like all other modes and forms of political theory, the very theoretical identity of Orthodox Marxism is itself contestednot just from non-and anti-Marxists who question the very “Real” existence of any kind of Marxism now but, perhaps more tellingly, from within the Marxist tradition itself. I will first say what I regard to be the distinguishing marks of Orthodox Marxism and then outline a short polemical map of contestation over Orthodox Marxism within the Marxist theories now. Parody is always the effect of a slippage and the slippage here is that in spite of the sudden popularity of “Orthodox” Marxism, the actual theories and practices of the newly orthodox are more than ever before flexodox. What is at the core of both the flexodox marxism and the popular culture of class as “Lifestyle” is a de-politicization of the concepts of Orthodox Marxism which neutralizes them as indexes of social inequality and reduces them to merely descriptive categories which take what is for what ought to be. The hollowing out of Marxism in the name of Marxism by such theorists as Smith, Sprinker and Zizek is based on the ideological un-said of the bourgeois right of property and its underpinning logic of the market which are represented as natural (“Inalienable”) “Human rights,” or more commonly, in daily practices, as individual rights. Rosemary Hennessy’s Profit and Pleasure is the most recent and perhaps most popular attack on Orthodox Marxism in the name of Marxism itself. One of the ways such writers hollow out Marxism of its Marxism and produce a Marxism beyond Marxism is by their overt acknowledgement of the way Marxism is treated in the bourgeois culture industry. Under cover of this ideological self-inoculation, Hennessy then goes on to produce her “Tamed” version of Marxism that is only metaphorically “Marxist” because it is void of all the concepts and practices that make Marxism Marxism. Marx’s labor theory of value is an elemental truth of Orthodox Marxism that is rejected by the flexodox left as the central dogmatism of a “Totalitarian” Marxism. The time has come to state it clearly so that even the flexodox opportunists may grasp it: Orthodox Marxism is not a free-floating “Language-game” or “Meta-narrative” for arbitrarily constructing local utopian communities or spectral activist inversions of ideology meant to seduce “Desire” and “Mobilize” subjectivityit is an absolute prerequisite for our emancipation from exploitation and a new society freed from necessity! Orthodox Marxism is the only global theory of social change.
Pew study experts: Artificial intelligence threatens the future of capitalism
A Pew Research Foundation study examining the future of work and job training found a belief among some experts that artificial intelligence and automation threaten not just millions of jobs, but also the future of capitalism. Released Wednesday, the non-scientific study titled “The Future of Jobs and Jobs Training” is the seventh in an eight-part “Future of the Internet” study being conducted by the Pew Research Center and Elon University. “People will create the jobs of the future, not simply train for them, and technology is already central,” said a Microsoft principal researcher. Several respondents questioned the point of training for a job that won’t exist at all in the future. “While the first three themes found among the responses to this canvassing were mostly hopeful about advances in education and training for 21st-century jobs, a large share of responses from top experts reflect a significant degree of pessimism for various reasons. Some even say the future of jobs for humans is so baleful that capitalism may fail as an economic system,” the Pew report reads. Training for jobs of the future A primary question in the survey was “In the next 10 years, do you think we will see the emergence of new educational and training programs that can successfully train large numbers of workers in the skills they will need to perform the jobs of the future?”. About 70 percent of survey participants said they believe education and training programs will successfully prepare people for jobs of the future, but many respondents also believe education will not be sufficient to meet people’s needs within the next decade, as automation and AI are expected to claim more human jobs. A mid-2015 Pew Research survey found that about two-thirds of U.S. citizens believe that within 50 years robots and automation will do the majority of the work done by humans today, though 80 percent of respondents said they expected their job to exist in the same period of time. “Many of them say that current K-12 or K-16 education programs are incapable of making adjustments within the next decade to serve the shifting needs of future jobs markets.” Don’t expect a political solution Whether respondents agreed that workers are being trained for the jobs of the future or not, many expressed concern about the ability to reach these training goals in time to prepare workers for those jobs.