Andreas Malm: Revolutionary Strategy in a Warming World
Climate & Capitalism welcomes further contributions to this essential discussion on ecosocialist strategy for our time. In his novel The Drowned World from 1962, today often considered the first prophetic work of climate fiction, J. G. Ballard conjured up melting icecaps, an English capital submerged under tropical marshes and populations fleeing the unbearable heat towards polar redoubts. If there is any link between climate change and the kind of unrest that may issue in a full-fledged revolution, it cannot possibly be immediate.
In which everything but climate is relegated to the dead category of ceteris paribus, should be inverted: if the aim is to understand how global warming may set off discord, it must not be posited as acting on its own. Unmediated, exclusive causation cannot be posited as a criterion for the efficacy of climate change in calling forth something like a revolution, for that would presuppose an empty planet, the non-existence of human societies on earth. Climate change does not take away any of the iniquities of the regime: it is constituted as a destabilizing force in relation to them. In the report Climate Change and Labour: Impacts of Heat in the Workplace, several union federations and UN branches draw attention to what might be the most universal and the most widely ignored experience of global warming: it’s getting hotter at work. Extraction of surplus-value may still be the central pump, but the most explosive impacts of climate change will scarcely be transmitted in any straight line along its axis.
It has few adherents so far, but they do exist: in The Climate Challenge and the Failure of Democracy, Australian scholars David Shearman and Joseph Wayne Smith reject the Marxist contention that capitalism is the source of global warming and assigns all the blame to democracy. So far we have two configurations although the line between them may be difficult to draw: revolution and/or counter-revolution/chaos as symptoms of climate change. The Egyptian revolution represented an opportunity to fill such cracks in the armour and move towards comprehensive, popular adaptation to climate change. In the post-1989 ideological hangover that still affects the activist milieus making up the climate movement in the North there lingers a fetishization of horizontal direct action as a self-sufficient tactic and a reluctance to consider Lenin’s lesson: ‘The key question of every revolution is undoubtedly the question of state power.
Use enterprise in a sentence
What recommends commerce to me is its enterprise and bravery. To every type of coast there may be related a special type of occupation and even of character; the deep and gloomy fjord, backed by almost impassable mountains, bred bold mariners whose only outlet for enterprise was seawards towards other lands – the viks created the vikings. All these might pass for religious wars, and they might really be so; it needed greater ingenuity to set forth the invasion of England as a missionary enterprise designed for the spiritual good of the benighted islanders. If the enterprise were as heroic and commanding as it is protracted and unwearied! While in the interests of his canal Lesseps had resisted the opposition of British diplomacy to an enterprise which threatened to give to France control of the shortest route to India, he acted loyally towards Great Britain after Lord Beaconsfield had acquired the Suez shares belonging to the Khedive, by frankly admitting to the board of directors of the company three representatives of the British government.
At the same time negotiations took place with Great Britain for an Italian occupation of Massawa, and Mancini, dreaming of a vast Anglo-Italian enterprise against the Mahdi, expatiated in. The great Phoenician colony of Carthage, founded before 800 B.C., perpetuated the commercial enterprise of the parent state, and extended the sphere of practical trade to the ocean shores of Africa and Europe. The Portuguese, in the early part of the 17th century, were under the dominion of Spain, and their enterprise was to some extent damped; but their missionaries extended geographical knowledge in Africa. Prophetic personality now moved in a larger sphere than that of divination, important though that function be in the social life of the ancient state as instrumental in declaring the will of the deity when any enterprise was on foot. Prosecution of his literary enterprise; a hermit in his study as long as he chose, he found the most delightful recreation always ready for him at the threshold.
The free enterprise system-the greatest creator of wealth the world has known-will continue to produce the material gains we enjoy today and to reward most those who serve their fellow humans best. In 1622 the Spaniards, under Spinola, made another attempt to take the town, but were forced to abandon the enterprise after a siege of ten weeks and the loss of 1200 men.
God, Guns, Capitalism, and the Explosive U.S. Firearms Culture –
The owners of Second Amendment Sports of McHenry, Illinois, sold tickets in their raffle for the prize of an AR-15 military-grade assault rifle, which is similar to the weapon of mass destruction and death used at the Pulse nightclub. Raffle organizers eventually cancelled it not because of the outrage they received on the insensitivity of the event rather, they realized that a raffle conducted by a for-profit company might be declared illegal in their state’s judicial system. Second Amendment Sports’ insane raffle represents only the latest installment in the volatile and explosive gun culture of the United States. 300 WSM rifle with a Cabela’s 50th anniversary gun case worth $875. And maybe it’s not too late to go down to Nations Truck Sales in Sanford, Florida where three years ago they offered each customer a brand spanking new assault rifle with the purchase of a truck. For that measly sum, you can metamorphose as 250 shot shells, 100 rifles cartridges, or 250 pistol cartridges.
Just in time for the holiday season, the Scottsdale, Arizona gun club now offers its members the service of sending out their Christmas cards with pictures of family members, including infants, posing with Santa while holding pistols and military style automatic weapons, fa la la la la, la la la la. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, gun related violence has reached epidemic proportions in our country by snuffing out the lives of upwards of 30,000 people and wounding many more annually. Each year, over 100,000 people are affected in some way by gun violence. Many of the guns used in these killings reach military level weapons power, guns which currently remain legal.
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