J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-21-2018

definition of responsible by The Free Dictionary

For the loss, but he distinctly foreshadowed the very thing that caused it. For the planet’s traffic, cannot make allowance for this kind of misfortune. For what then happened; and that I have but myself to blame for having been either unable or unwilling to defend my honour. Why, he must have thought it, unless he IS the downrightest fool in the world; because if he hadn’t thought it, he would have wanted to own the whole dog, knowing that if he killed his half and the other half died, he would be responsible. For that half just the same as if he had killed that half instead of his own. 

For this report which had reached the ears of Lorquas Ptomel so quickly, and now I recalled those portions of our conversation which had touched upon escape and upon my origin. He thought unconsciously, seeking someone responsible. For this suffering for him to punish; but there was no one responsible. Nothing can be wiser in that kingdom, than to annex to the king a constitutional council, who may be responsible. For my having become the head of the Order; they shall feel my vengeance. 

Keywords: [“responsible”,”half”,”thought”]
Source: https://www.thefreedictionary.com/responsible

Christianity vs Islam: Chart of Similarities and Differences

The final revelation of God to all of mankind given through the archangel Gabriel to Muhammad over a 23 year period. We are sinners, but God loves us, Jesus died for us; believe in him and you are saved. God is a trinity of persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. The Trinity is not three gods in one god, nor is it one person who took three forms. One God in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. 

A very great prophet, second only to Muhammad. Jesus is not the son of God, not divine and was not crucified. The sacrifice of Christ on the cross whereby His blood becomes the sacrifice that turns away the wrath of God from the sinner when he believes and receives by faith the work of Christ on the cross. Heaven is the eventual and eternal home of the Christians who are saved by God’s grace. Occurs on the day of resurrection when God will judge all people. 

All people are sinless until they rebel against God. A free gift of God to the person who trusts in Christ and His sacrifice on the cross. God forgives any and all when asked, but humans must also forgive. 

Keywords: [“God”,”Muslim”,”Christian”]
Source: http://www.swapmeetdave.com/Bible/Christianity-Islam-chart.htm

Yet Another Attempt to Make the World a Better Place by Writing Things

Today the Supreme Court voted, 5-4, to enable public sector workers to unilaterally withhold contributions from their unions. The principle guiding the majority’s decision is simple and intuitively appealing. When workers pay unions dues, those unions use that money to fund political speech. Individual workers may not agree with the union’s speech acts, and therefore compelling them to pay dues ties their employment to their willingness to espouse a particular kind of political speech with their wallets. The court argues that requiring workers to make certain kinds of political speech acts with their wallets to retain employment violates their free speech rights. 

The argument is internally valid-it makes sense, given a particular conception of individual freedom. The trouble is that this conception of individual freedom is destabilising the labour market in a politically dangerous way, and in consistently choosing to interpret this principle in this way the court is threatening the legitimacy of the state. 

Keywords: [“speech”,”unions”,”workers”]
Source: https://benjaminstudebaker.com

Condemnation versus Conviction

A lot of believers hear condemning thoughts, and some believers even think it’s God telling them these things. My friend, nothing could be further from the truth! God NEVER tells you what a loser you are. Jesus said He came not to condemn the world, but to save it! Condemnation comes from Satan and is meant to tear you down. 

Condemnation continually points out what a failure you are, and how badly you’ve messed up. Condemnation is showing you the problem, but avoiding the solution. God’s Word tells us that Godly sorrow is what leads us to repentance. Conviction shows you the blood of Jesus that wipes away your sins! Conviction shows you the answer, while condemnation shows you the problem. 

Condemnation shows you the problem, but conviction shows you the answer. It’s so important to understand the nature of God’s forgiveness and His desire to wash us clean from our pasts. The Forgiveness of Sins is a great teaching that will show you the nature of God’s forgiveness. 

Keywords: [“God”,”sins”,”show”]
Source: http://www.greatbiblestudy.com/condemnation_conviction.php

Define Compassionate at Dictionary.com

See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com adjective. Having or showing compassion: a compassionate person; a compassionate letter. Granted in an emergency: compassionate military leave granted to attend a funeral. SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com. I know there are police officers who are kind, compassionate. 

People were attracted to early Christianity by its compassionate. Such is the Sierra Leonean way, the most tolerant, compassionate. Historical ExamplesOur Government must at the same time be both competent and compassionate…Were you to know how I have suffered, you would be compassionate…He was quite incapable of any compassionate. Not one to save her,-not one of all the compassionate. The others looked at him and smiled with an air of compassionate. 

British Dictionary definitions for compassionateadjective. Showing or having compassion.compassionate leave. 

Keywords: [“compassionate”,”leave”,”Granted”]
Source: http://www.dictionary.com/browse/compassionate

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-20-2018

THE PROP ROOM

LISTEN, HIGHLIGHT AND TAKE NOTES Click on the icon to the left of your screen to listen to the text. As you listen, make sure to highlight the important points and/or take notes. The current capabilities of smartphones lead to the possible conclusion that. Given our current laws concerning privacy, it now makes sense to. The extended mind thesis has implications after death too because the argument could be made that. 

If the theory of the extended mind is carried through to its logical conclusion, we would have to agree that. Write an argumentative essay in which you discuss to what extent you agree with the extended mind theory. A little help might be necessary with the writing task. Given the role they play in our lives, our devices deserve the same protections as our brains and bodies. They augment and extend our minds by increasing our cognitive power and freeing up internal resources. 

Push the boundaries of mental privacy outwards to give our cyborg anatomy the same protections as our brains. Even simple technologies such as pens and pencils would merit recognition and protection as part of the essential toolkit of the mind. 

Keywords: [“mind”,”extend”,”conclusion”]
Source: http://theproproom.blogspot.com

About: Nathaniel Branden

Amidst a lifetime of achievement, Nathaniel Branden’s pioneering work in the field of self-esteem stands as perhaps the most universally important. Over seven decades, Branden focused on the critical need to understand the psychology of self-esteem and its relationship to our daily lives. Through this work he contributed to the evolution of the concept from obscurity to greater levels of clarity and acceptance. During his career, Nathaniel Branden wrote nearly 20 books on self-esteem, including such influential works as The Psychology of Self-Esteem, How to Raise Your Self-Esteem, The Six Pillars of Self-Esteem and The Art of Living Consciously. In addition to his extensive work as a writer, Nathaniel Branden worked as a lecturer, therapist and corporate consultant specializing in assisting modern businesses employ the principles of self-esteem to achieve greater levels of success. 

He also the founded The Branden Institute for Self-Esteem, a counseling center in Los Angeles, California. Nathaniel Branden was a thinker, a compassionate teacher of rational values and ultimately a champion for happiness. 

Keywords: [“self-esteem”,”Branden”,”work”]
Source: http://nathanielbranden.com/about

The Best Argument against Libertarianism

In honor of the New Year, let’s begin with a bit of epistemic hygiene. It’s hard to know what will or won’t work. When challenged, libertarians sometimes fall back on hard-nosed a prioristic models of market functioning, but those defenses are seldom very satisfying. Other times, libertarians stress that the case for most principled political positions that don’t simply ratify the status quo require similar epistemic bets. The latter point seems to me somewhere near the truth, probably. 

Non-Moralized Notions of Coercion: many libertarians think they can defend their views by embracing a rather modest presumption against the use of coercion. In doing so, they often appeal to a moralized notion, where people are coerced, say, only when their rights are being violated. If that’s the notion of coercion involved, the presumption against coercion is no longer modest, but loaded. If you appeal to a non-moralized notion of coercion, then it becomes clear you need more argument to show that libertarianism is the least coercive political system. I think you can make the argument, but it’s a hard one, made harder by. 

Keywords: [“argument”,”libertarian”,”against”]
Source: http://bleedingheartlibertarians.com/2015/01/the-best-argument-against…

english120 / contrast and comparison paragraph

Remo heads provide the resonance for both Mike and Lars. Both drummers play the majority of their songs with a driving bass line, coming from the bass drums. When given the chance to solo, both drummers can produce some amazing sounding beats. Both drummers possess amazing speed and control behind the kit. While there are some similarities and differences between the two, both can be considered masters of their craft. 

Another likeness is that they both have served time in Iraq. Glenn and Eric are both married to their high school sweethearts, and have had large families. Although cell phones and regular phones have the same purpose and they both work the same, they have many differences as well. With your cell phone, someone can leave you a message an dyou can get it right on the phone where as on a home phone, you have to have an answering machine. A cell phone can be programed for special rings but a hard wired phone has only one ring tone. 

Cell phones are much smaller in apperance than a hard wired phone. Cell phones may have different apperences and gadgets but they both serve the same purpose. 

Keywords: [“Both”,”phone”,”sound”]
Source: http://english120.pbworks.com/w/page/19006833/contrast and comparison…

Why the Dalai Lama is a Socialist: Buddhism, Socialism and the Compassionate Society, Gibbs

Though Buddhists and socialists both might be perplexed at the suggestion that their approaches to life share fundamental principles, important figures in Buddhism have increasingly been framing contemporary social and economic problems in distinctly socialist terms. In this innovative and provocative work, Terry Gibbs argues that the shared values expressed in each tradition could provide useful signposts for creating a truly humane, compassionate, and free society. Why the Dalai Lama Is a Socialist is the first book to accessibly link Buddhism to socialist thought and social justice. As interest in Buddhism, particularly in the West, continues to increase dramatically and as the Dalai Lama remains one of the most high-profile religious figures in the world, this book provides a timely comparison of the complementary ideals of the Buddhist and socialist traditions. Gibbs is hopeful about our potential to create a more just society through collective effort, and Why the Dalai Lama Is a Socialist is grounded in his fundamental belief that everyday human activity makes a difference. 

Keywords: [“socialist”,”Lama”,”Dalai”]
Source: http://press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/distributed/W/bo26261163.html

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-19-2018

Inspirational Story of Teddy Stoddard

I’ve heard the story of Teddy Stoddard told as a true story. There is a story many years ago of an elementary teacher. Mrs. Thompson had watched Teddy the year before and noticed that he didn’t play well with the other children, that his clothes were messy and that he constantly needed a bath. At the school where Mrs. 

Thompson taught, she was required to review each child’s past records and she put Teddy Stoddard’s off until last. She felt even worse when her students brought her Christmas presents, wrapped in beautiful ribbons and bright paper, except for Teddy’s. Mrs. Thompson paid particular attention to Teddy. A year later, she found a note under her door, from Teddy, telling her that she was still the best teacher he ever had in his whole life. 

Six years went by before she got another note from Teddy. The letter explained that she was still the best and favorite teacher he ever had. But now his name was a little longer. Teddy said he’d met this girl and was going to be married. She made sure she was wearing the perfume that Teddy remembered his mother wearing on their last Christmas together. 

Other inspirational stories like Teddy Stoddard….. 

Keywords: [“Teddy”,”teach”,”Thompson”]
Source: https://www.creativebiblestudy.com/teddy-stoddard.html

Group Sustainability Cell

At the Aditya Birla Group, sustainability in business is the holistic pursuit of a three step agenda; firstly, managing business operations responsibly, this includes but is not limited to the creation of a safe working environment at all sites and workplaces, conserving energy and water, managing waste and emissions and the protection of human rights. Secondly, the understanding of material issues of all stakeholders from their perspective and finally the usage of this knowledge to actively seek ways to create and share value with each of these stakeholder groups. This has always been the Group philosophy and all businesses have demonstrated a commitment to the environment and to society that goes beyond mere compliance with laws and regulations. The mandate of the Group Sustainability Cell is to help formalise and integrate the principles and standards required to develop and enhance sustainable businesses throughout the Aditya Birla Group. The cell will support the development of good governance structures, a sustainability framework and practical roadmaps to help our businesses survive and thrive in a changing world and in doing so help achieve the Group’s Sustainability Vision. 

Keywords: [“Group”,”Sustainability”,”Birla”]
Source: http://adityabirla.com/About/group-sustainability-cell

How to Develop a Leadership Philosophy?

Earlier, we discussed why having a leadership philosophy is essential. The challenge is in taking the time to develop your leadership philosophy and then use it. The process to develop a leadership philosophy may vary by individual. Again, the important element is to begin and write a leadership philosophy. Use these elements as a basis for developing your own leadership philosophy. 

The objective is to not mimic them but learn from them and then apply those lessons learned to your leadership philosophy. Behavior is where your leadership philosophy gets tested. Behavior determines whether your leadership philosophy is just a bunch of lofty words to be used in team meetings or visible in your everyday actions. Test drive your leadership philosophy, ensuring how you want to lead matches with how you actually lead. This doesn’t mean you need to lower the bar of your leadership philosophy. 

I never developed a leadership philosophy when I was 20 something. Some parts of a leadership philosophy are intuitive to who we are. In those difficult times, having a leadership philosophy will keep us centered in moving forward as well as within the right boundaries when temptations arise. 

Keywords: [“leadership”,”lead”,”philosophy”]
Source: https://www.thindifference.com/2014/02/develop-leadership-philosophy

Difference Between Marxism and Leninism

Marxism and Leninism are two kinds of political thought that show some difference between them when it comes to their ideologies. Marxism is a political thought framed by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. This is one of the main differences between Marxism and Leninism. Marxism is a political ideology that explains how there is going to be a proletariat revolution due to the class struggle. Marxism is considered by many political experts as a branch of philosophy too. 

On the other hand, Leninism aims at the implementation of both political and socialist economic theories that have been developed from Marxism. Leninism was how Lenin changed Marxism to fit Russia. In practicality, Leninism was more practical than Marxism as it carried the changes necessary to fit into an actual country. That is not the case with Marxism as Marxism talks of a country that is already industrialized and advanced. Firstly, Marxism believed that the capitalist states will not let people move towards socialism. 

Marxism believed people will spontaneously become aware of their status and rise for a revolution. In short, it can be said that Marxism was the theory and Leninism was how it was practically used. 

Keywords: [“Marxism”,”Leninism”,”political”]
Source: https://www.differencebetween.com/difference-between-marxism-and…

Jeff Klein Obituary

He lived a rich and full life, living and working in Caracas, Venezuela, New York, Los Angeles, Santa Fe, Southern Baja California, Mexico, and the San Francisco Bay area – and in various industries including music, natural products, fitness and publishing. Along the way he played activating roles with Private Music, in the career of Yanni, Spinning, Seeds of Change, ChiRunning, and FLOW, and consulted for the Esalen Institute, the National Geographic Society, GlobalGiving, the Institute of Noetic Sciences and Peace Cereal and others. Jeff worked in various capacities to teach practices of compassionate enterprise, leveraging the power of business for the greater good. Jeff was at the core of the Conscious Capitalism movement and of Conscious Capitalism, Inc., the organization catalyzing the movement, as a trustee, executive team member and producer of Conscious Capitalism events. He also served as executive director of the Being Human project and executive producer of Being Human events. 

Services: A memorial celebrating the life of Jeff Klein will be held at the family farm of Mark and Patty Klein at 3 pm on Friday, July 25. 

Keywords: [“Conscious”,”worked”,”Jeff”]
Source: https://www.legacy.com/obituaries/mcall/obituary.aspx?pid=171780434

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-18-2018

Nurse Quotes, Sayings about Nurses & Nursing, Quotations for Nurses Day

Authentic service can be seen in the nurse who has nurtured herself, the healer who has been healed. Constant attention by a good nurse may be just as important as a major operation by a surgeon. The trained nurse has become one of the great blessings of humanity, taking a place beside the physician and the priest…. ~William Osler. Nurses dispense comfort, compassion, and caring without even a prescription. Bound by paperwork, short on hands, sleep, and energy… 

nurses are rarely short on caring. After two days in the hospital, I took a turn for the nurse. When you’re a nurse you know that every day you will touch a life or a life will touch yours. You know you’re a nurse if… you triage the laundry when at home: This pile needs immediate attention, the pile can wait, this pile, with a little stain stick will be OK until you get back to it. 

Whether a person is a male or female, a nurse is a nurse. If Christian scientists had more science and doctors more Christianity, it wouldn’t make any difference which you called in – if you had a good nurse. A nurse will always give us hope,an angel with a stethoscope. Nurses don’t wait until October to celebrate Make a Difference Day – they make a difference every day! ~Author unknown. 

Keywords: [“nurse”,”day”,”know”]
Source: http://www.quotegarden.com/nurses.html

Buddhist Culture, The Cultured Buddhist

The Buddhist Publication Society is an approved charity dedicated to making known the Teaching of the Buddha, which has a vital message for people of all creeds. Founded in 1958, the BPS has published a wide variety of books and booklets covering a great range of topics. Its publications include accurate annotated translations of the Buddha’s discourses, standard reference works, as well as original contemporary expositions of Buddhist thought and practice. These works present Buddhism as it truly is – a dynamic force which has influenced receptive minds for the past 2500 years and is still as relevant today as it was when it first arose. You may copy, reformat, reprint, republish, and redistribute this work in any medium whatsoever, provided that: you only make such copies, etc. 

Available free of charge and, in the case of reprinting, only in quantities of no more than 50 copies; you clearly indicate that any derivatives of this work are derived from this source document; and you include the full text of this license in any copies or derivatives of this work. Documents linked from this page may be subject to other restrictions. Transcribed from a file provided by the BPS. Last revised for Access to Insight on 30 November 2013. 

Keywords: [“work”,”copy”,”any”]
Source: https://accesstoinsight.org/lib/authors/bogoda/bl139.html

A Snapshot of Key Ethical Theories

Ethical theory serves as the foundation for ethical solutions to the difficult situations people encounter in life. For centuries, philosophers have come up with theoretical ways of telling right from wrong and for giving guidelines about how to live and act ethically. Living an ethical life, or acting rightly, requires developing and demonstrating the virtues of courage, compassion, wisdom, and temperance. Thus, acting rightly involves maximizing the amount of happiness and minimizing the amount of suffering around you. Kantianism emphasizes the principles behind actions rather than an action’s results. 

Acting rightly thus requires being motivated by proper universal principles that treat everyone with respect. When you’re motivated by the right principles, you overcome your animal instincts and act ethically. So for contract theorists, ethics isn’t necessarily about character, consequences, or principles. Care ethics focuses ethical attention on relationships before other factors. As a result, acting rightly involves building, strengthening, and maintaining strong relationships. 

Acting rightly thus displays care for others and for the relationships of which they are a part. To care ethicists, relationships are fundamental to ethical thinking. 

Keywords: [“act”,”Ethical”,”rightly”]
Source: https://www.dummies.com/education/philosophy/a-snapshot-of-key…

Jean-Jacques Rousseau: We are Good by Nature but Corrupted by Society

Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that man is naturally good and that vice and error are alien to him. According to Rousseau, nature is man’s state before being influenced by outside forces. The correct balance of these three categories in human nature, enables man to develop naturally. The Education of man, for example, what we are taught,. Rousseau claims that outside influences, for example, society and custom, are responsible for deviations from natural, healthy development in humans and this creates a dilemma. 

Rousseau attempts to present an individual as a whole as both true citizen and heroic mother, stretching credibility to its limits. She has repressed her natural behaviour – and this is a problem for Rousseau’s attempt to reconcile citizen and man. Rousseau believes the education of man commences at birth and that experience is the forerunner of the precept. There is a free choice to be made here, according to Rousseau; man may do good or evil. Natural religion, Rousseau, feels, has been tampered with and worship made too ceremonial. 

There are contradictions in Rousseau’s attempts to reconcile nature with society. His greatest work was The Social Contract about freeing man from his chains through the creation of an ideal society. 

Keywords: [“man”,”Rousseau”,”Nature”]
Source: http://decodedpast.com/jean-jacques-rousseau-good-nature-corrupted…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-17-2018

Buddhist responses to environmental concerns

As many religious people view it, Buddhist reality is profoundly ecological, and Buddhism itself is an ecological religion. It powerfully expresses human identification with nature. Buddhists believe that all things, including humans, exist by their interrelationship with all other parts of nature To think of one’s self as isolated from the rest of nature is be unrealist. Buddhist teachers and masters constantly remind us of the importance of living in tune with nature and respecting life. Buddhist precepts direct the faithful to seek a right livelihood, an essential dimension of which is concern for the life of all creatures. 

This is the first of the five precepts of Buddhist life and a major principle of Jainism. In practice, Buddhists believe that it is the act of killing or hurting an animal which is harmful, but not the eating of meat that someone else has provided. Note that the Buddhist king Asoka the Great established hospitals for both human and animals. Compassion is the basis for a balanced view of the whole world and of the environment. Wanton destruction upsets the vital balance of life. 

Climate change is caused by over-consumption of fossil fuels, loss of soil, and excessive herds of livestock. 4.A search of the Amazon.com data base shows the following books on Buddhist responses to the environment:At least, it should. 

Keywords: [“Buddhist”,”life”,”nature”]
Source: http://www.religioustolerance.org/tomek20.htm

Q&A: What is biblical social justice?

In our Mission Essentials series, last week, Dorli Gschwandtner described how, in some parts of the world, evangelism, compassionate ministry and social action are necessarily so intertwined that they would not be viewed by local Nazarenes as separate in any way. We will continue to wrestle with this topic in the coming weeks after the year-end holidays. Check back in January for the latest installment in this topic of Mission Essentials. Bible studyYou can explore this topic with your small group or Sunday school by accessing a six-lesson video study guide called Seek Social Justice: Transforming Lives in Need, featuring the J.V. Morsch Center for Social Justice at Trevecca. 

Download the lessons and video guide for free at www. Seeksocialjustice.com, or purchase a copy at LifeWay Christian online bookstore. Mission EssentialsMission Essentials is an original series produced by Engage magazine to refresh Nazarenes globally in our shared understanding of what it means to participate in God’s mission to the world. New articles, contributed by voices from all six world regions in the denomination, are published in Engage throughout each month from August 2011 through March 2012. Find all the articles organized into an archive by clicking the Mission Essentials logo on the right-hand of the front page. 

Keywords: [“Mission”,”Essentials”,”topic”]
Source: http://engagemagazine.com/content/qa-what-biblical-social-justice

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Fundamentals of cost accounting solutions manual download.fundamentals of engineering economics third edition solutions. Fundamentals of applied electromagnetics solution manual 6th.finance industry solution smart account processing. Federal taxation solutions manual ch 8.fundamentals of cost accounting 3rd edition solutions. Financial accounting for mbas solution module 17.fundamentals of microeconomic nicholson snyder solution. Friedberg linear algebra solutions to chapter 2.find out how to transform your the tapping solution. 

Fundamentals of thermodynamics 7th edition solution manual download.fluid power theory and applications solutions. Free download chemistry ncert intext exercise solutions 12.fundamentals of electric drives sharkawi solution. 

Keywords: [“solution”,”answer”,”manual”]
Source: http://cewede.de/compassionate/capitalism/compassionate_capitalism_barnes…

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Keywords: [“answer”,”Solution”,”question”]
Source: http://virpro.de/compassionate/capitalism/compassionate_capitalism_marc_r…

Capitalism vs. Socialism: A Crab Cannot Birth A Bird

Here’s an old Ga proverb to nudge us in the correct direction: Kaa Fɔɔɔ Loflɔ. That is, one cannot expect a crab to give birth to a bird. You also cannot expect a capitalist nation to act in a socialist way. For instance you cannot expect a nation that claims to be capitalist to endorse, and enforce, a minimum wage for all. If it does, the nation is not capitalist! 

That nation can call itself something else, but it is not capitalist. There’s also the flip-side of the Ga proverb: Kaa Fɔɔɔ Loflɔ. If one encounters a baby bird, one can conclude with certainty that the baby bird is an offspring of birds, not crabs. If one encounters a baby crab, it is the offspring of crabs, not birds. Let’s examine and correctly identify the nation that claims the most that it loves capitalism-the United States. 

Socialism being somehow un-American or some sort of foreign import is intended to confuse the masses and those who like to believe that the US is practicing capitalism. America now enjoys the full support of both major parties on the following: Social Security, public housing, public power developments, legal protection for collective bargaining and other attributes of the welfare state. Look a little deeper and you would pay homage to the old Ga proverb that says: Kaa Fɔɔɔ Loflɔ. 

Keywords: [“nation”,”capitalist”,”socialist”]
Source: http://grandmotherafrica.com/capitalism-vs-socialism-a-crab-cannot-birth…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-16-2018

A Manifesto for Psychopaths – George Monbiot

Ayn Rand’s ideas have become the Marxism of the new right. The belief system constructed by Ayn Rand, who died 30 years ago today, has never been more popular or influential. Rand was a Russian from a prosperous family who emigrated to the United States. Rand’s is the philosophy of the psychopath, a misanthropic fantasy of cruelty, revenge and greed. As Gary Weiss shows in his new book Ayn Rand Nation, she has become to the new right what Karl Marx once was to the left: a demi-god at the head of a chiliastic cult(4). 

Ignoring Rand’s evangelical atheism, the Tea Party movement has taken her to its heart. Like all philosophies, Objectivism is absorbed second-hand by people who have never read it. It is not hard to see why Rand appeals to billionaires. Among the essays he wrote for Ayn Rand were those published in a book he co-edited with her called Capitalism: the Unknown Ideal(10). Once in government, Greenspan applied his guru’s philosophy to the letter, lobbying to cut taxes for the rich and repeal the laws constraining the banks, refusing to regulate the predatory lending and the derivatives trading which eventually brought the system down. 

Saturated in her philosophy, the new right on both sides of the Atlantic continues to demand the rollback of the state, even as the wreckage of that policy lies all around. From an article by Soma Golden in the New York Times, July 1974, quoted by Gary Weiss. 

Keywords: [“Rand”,”philosophy”,”Weiss”]
Source: http://www.monbiot.com/2012/03/05/a-manifesto-for-psychopaths

BIBLE VERSES ABOUT CHARITY

Bible verses related to Charity from the King James Version by Relevance. Acts 20:35 – I have shewed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive. 2 Corinthians 9:7 – Every man according as he purposeth in his heart, ; not grudgingly, or of necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver. Proverbs 19:17 – He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the LORD; and that which he hath given will he pay him again. Luke 12:33 – Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth. Luke 6:38 – Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. 

For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again. Matthew 5:42 – Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away. Proverbs 21:13 – Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard. Topics and verses are auto-generated from user searches. Some scripture references/categories courtesy of Open Bible. 

Search the King James Version for more references about Charity…. Popular Topics for Bible Verses. 

Keywords: [“give”,”shall”,”Bible”]
Source: https://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/Bible-Verses-About-Charity

Dominican Republic Economy: Population, GDP, Inflation, Business, Trade, FDI, Corruption

The Dominican Republic does a poor job of protecting property rights. Enforcement of intellectual property rights is also poor. Corruption is a serious systemic problem at all levels of government and is linked to significant levels of narco-trafficking. The top individual income tax rate is 25 percent, and the top corporate tax rate is 27 percent. Other taxes include value-added, estate, and net wealth taxes. 

The overall tax burden equals 13.7 percent of total domestic income. Over the past three years, government spending has amounted to 17.7 percent of total output, and budget deficits have averaged 2.1 percent of GDP. Public debt is equivalent to 34.4 percent of GDP. Regulatory EfficiencyView Methodology. The Dominican authorities have carried out some reforms to improve transparency, but corruption and arbitrary implementation of existing laws are often cited as grievances by business owners. 

The Dominican Labor Code creates a relatively inflexible labor market. Trade is significant for the Dominican Republic’s economy; the combined value of exports and imports equals 54 percent of GDP. The average applied tariff rate is 6.3 percent. In general, government policies do not significantly interfere with foreign investment. The small financial sector remains relatively stable and continues to evolve. 

Keywords: [“percent”,”Dominican”,”government”]
Source: https://www.heritage.org/index/country/dominicanrepublic

Social Mindfulness

Mindfulness has recently become popular in the west, with many forms of psychotherapy and counselling drawing on mindfulness ideas and practices. Perhaps for this reason – and because of the wider connection between mindfulness and meditation – the focus has tended to be on mindfulness as an individual technique undertaken for personal reasons. Social mindfulness draws together projects which explore the social potentials of mindfulness. Briefly, mindfulness involves remembering to bring alert, clear, attention to what are doing within a wide, open awareness of the totality of our experience. Many forms of mindfulness emphasise being in the present moment and accepting what comes non-judgementally. 

It is also possible to be mindful when remembering or thinking about the future, or when evaluating things. The potential of existing mindfulness practices for addressing social issues, such as conflict, sustainability, and discrimination. The development of mindfulness practices which are explicitly social and/or collective. Dialogues between mindfulness and social theory, social science and social psychology. Mindfulness therapies which are located more explicitly within sociocultural understandings of human experience. 

The application of mindfulness to social settings, such as healthcare, education, and social work. Social mindfulness was set up by Meg Barker and Steven Stanley. 

Keywords: [“Mindfulness”,”Social”,”form”]
Source: https://socialmindfulness.wordpress.com/about

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-15-2018

Don’t be so hard on yourself! Study on first-year student stress

Researchers from the faculty of education’s school of kinesiology found students who reported higher levels of self-compassion felt more energetic, alive and optimistic during their first semester of university. When the students’ sense of self-compassion levels rose, so too did their engagement and motivation with life. The study was part of Gunnell’s PhD work at UBC. Self-compassion interventions can involve exercises to avoid negative self-judgment or feelings of inadequacy. One example involves writing self-compassionately about a negative experience. 

Self-compassion emphasizes self-kindness, which means to not be overly critical of oneself; common humanity, which means to recognize failure is universal; and mindfulness, which means being present and calm in the moment. Crocker said his research group has previously shown that self-compassion interventions lower self-criticism and negative ruminations in high performance female athletes. The researchers said their findings highlight the potential for colleges and universities to enhance self-compassion for first-year students through the development of workshops or campaigns. Explore further: Self-compassion helps to cope with symptoms of menopause. More information: Katie E. 

Gunnell et al, Don’t be so hard on yourself! Changes in self-compassion during the first year of university are associated with changes in well-being, Personality and Individual Differences. 

Keywords: [“self-compassion”,”research”,”university”]
Source: https://phys.org/news/2017-01-dont-hard-first-year-student-stress.html

7 Reasons Why You’ll Never Do Anything Amazing With Your Life

Because you did what everyone else did; you studied what they studied and read what they read. Because you learned what you had to learn in order to pass their tests and you think that makes you smart. Because you think learning is only something people do in schools. Because while you were away at college, I was studying life; because instead of learning about the world in a classroom I went out and learned it by living. Because smart is not what you learn, it’s how you live. 4 :: Because You Don’t Read. 

Because you read the things you are required to read or nothing at all. Because you are probably not reading this article even though you know you should. Because the people that are reading this already know these things. Because while you’re busy playing Candy Crush, or Megalopolis, I am reading about string theory and quantum mechanics. Because you don’t understand the power of properly placed questioning in life, respectful disagreements and standing up for what you know to be right in the face of someone telling you otherwise. 

Because you refuse to admit that you don’t even know the things you don’t know. Because even if I told you everything could be different tomorrow you would wait until then to begin doing anything about it. Finally able to understand your lack of understanding, and then you would see; then you would know that the only thing holding you back from doing something truly amazing, is you. 

Keywords: [“read”,”know”,”learn”]
Source: https://raymmar.com/7-reasons-youll-never-do-anything-amazing-life

How we care for Googlers

Your family matters to you, so they’re important to us, too. Many of our benefit programs and onsite amenities are aimed at supporting you and your loved ones through life’s various stages-we offer generous parental leave policies, retirement savings plans, death benefits, and much more. In some of our offices, you can even bring your canine family members to work! All Googlers have access to excellent healthcare choices. In some locations, we also offer onsite wellness and healthcare services, including physicians, chiropractic, physical therapy, and massage services. 

Many of our offices are equipped with on-site fitness centers and classes to save you time and keep you fit. Our wide assortment of on campus cafes and micro kitchens provide nutritious meals and snacks to keep you healthfully energized throughout the day. We match Googlers’ charitable donations and add donations for hours Googlers work as volunteers. We all need time away from work to recharge, travel, take care of personal stuff, or spend time with family and friends. From our highly-rated retirement savings matches to financial advisors and planning services, we offer many resources to help keep you financially fit. 

That’s why we offer extensive opportunities for personal and professional development. Whether it’s onsite coding or cooking classes, degree programs, or the guitar lessons you’ve been meaning to take, we’ll support you in doing what you love. 

Keywords: [“offer”,”Googlers”,”onsite”]
Source: https://careers.google.com/how-we-care-for-googlers

Animal or Human Compassion

America is a rich nation with seemingly limitless compassion, partially evidenced by our $5 trillion failed effort to eliminate poverty and dependence. After 30 years of failure, we might start asking some questions about the nature of our compassion toward the poor. Compassion toward animals includes making sure the animal has adequate food and water, medical attention when needed, suitable shelter and a toy or two for entertainment. That compassion must be extended to the animal’s offspring. Animal compassion bears none of the hardships and complexities of human compassion. 

Behavior that’s compassionate toward humans may qualify as cruelty to animals. If you were to supply a human with a week’s supply of food, and he ate it in a day, letting him do without for the remainder of the week would be a good lesson as well as just desserts for his lack of foresight. Expecting an animal to defer gratification, plan for the future, and bear the burden of unwise decisions is cruelty. Today’s welfare debate should focus on our pretense of human compassion. Human compassion towards the poor cannot be engineered in Washington; it’s even doubtful at the state level. 

After all forcing people to bear the burden of unwise decisions is part of the lesson not to make unwise decisions. The most important component of human compassion is forcing, demanding and helping people to learn they can be better than animals. 

Keywords: [“compassion”,”animal”,”human”]
Source: http://capitalismmagazine.com/1996/02/animal-or-human-compassion

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-14-2018

Wealth Redistribution

Legal oversight isn’t helping because the laws are totally ignorant and oblivious to the real problems with capitalism. Products that are either designed purposefully to become obsolete or useless in very short order, or products that have a limited life span and are extremely costly to repair. Precisely because manufactures are designing products that cannot be reused/repaired inexpensively. Human laborers are simply no longer required to make the products in numbers that used to be required. Most people make far less, and the reason is that there are many people who are making $100K+++ or more. 

So if you think these averages reflect what most people are making you’re not recognizing the reality of the situation. In order for that to average down to say $30k there needs to be a WHOLE LOT of people making FAR LESS than $30k. So if $30k is an average income, that’s actually pretty bad. Especially in the US economy. It’s not capitalism itself that is the problem. 

If it did, it would demand that companies make products that will last and be reusable and repairable at a reasonable cost. Companies do this because they want to sell NEW PRODUCTS. They don’t want you to be fixing up used stuff so you don’t need to buy new. So the poor people not only make less money, but they don’t have enough money to do anything with anyway. If we’re going to go back to the 1950’s we need to start manufacturing products that can be easily repaired and last a long time. 

Keywords: [“product”,”problem”,”people”]
Source: https://debatingchristianity.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=923684

Wealth Redistribution

Legal oversight isn’t helping because the laws are totally ignorant and oblivious to the real problems with capitalism. Products that are either designed purposefully to become obsolete or useless in very short order, or products that have a limited life span and are extremely costly to repair. Precisely because manufactures are designing products that cannot be reused/repaired inexpensively. Human laborers are simply no longer required to make the products in numbers that used to be required. Most people make far less, and the reason is that there are many people who are making $100K+++ or more. 

So if you think these averages reflect what most people are making you’re not recognizing the reality of the situation. In order for that to average down to say $30k there needs to be a WHOLE LOT of people making FAR LESS than $30k. So if $30k is an average income, that’s actually pretty bad. Especially in the US economy. It’s not capitalism itself that is the problem. 

If it did, it would demand that companies make products that will last and be reusable and repairable at a reasonable cost. Companies do this because they want to sell NEW PRODUCTS. They don’t want you to be fixing up used stuff so you don’t need to buy new. So the poor people not only make less money, but they don’t have enough money to do anything with anyway. If we’re going to go back to the 1950’s we need to start manufacturing products that can be easily repaired and last a long time. 

Keywords: [“product”,”problem”,”people”]
Source: https://debatingchristianity.com/forum/viewtopic.php?t=34342

Selections from Camille Paglia at conservativeforum.org

Columnist for Salon Magazine and others, Professor of Humanities at the University of the Arts in Philadelphia, author of Sexual Personae, Sex, Art and American Culture, and other works. Modern liberalism suffers unresolved contradictions. 1992’All things being equal… ‘ But things never are equal. Western culture has produced the best system yet for organizing and taming those king-seeking energies: representative democracy, part of our pagan heritage. 1992 – from Sex, Art, and American Culture, Random House Vintage BooksMale-bashing became the instant drug of choice for the revived women’s movement, a self-crippling addiction from which feminists are just waking up. Because I have studied the past, I know that, in America and under capitalism, I am the freest woman in history. Capitalism is an art form, an Apollonian fabrication to rival nature. 

It is hypocritical for feminists and intellectuals to enjoy the pleasures and conveniences of capitalism while sneering at it. Everyone born into capitalism has incurred a debt to it. I feel that capitalism has a very bad press with the pseudo-leftists who clog our best college campuses and that in point of fact capitalism has produced modern individualism and feminism. Modern capitalism has allowed the birth of the independent woman who is no longer economically dependent on her husband. I despise the sneering that our liberal humanists do about capitalism even while they enjoy all of its pleasures and conveniences. 

Keywords: [“capitalism”,”Art”,”Culture”]
Source: http://www.conservativeforum.org/authquot.asp?ID=17

Capitalism vs. Socialism: Reply to Bruenig – Econlib

They’d witness amazingly well-fed, healthy people enjoying a cornucopia of technology and art beyond their wildest dreams. In a world with eight billion people, you can find unbridled lust and ravenous want if you search hard enough. Even the crummiest job in the U.S. lets workers serve their own end of making money, and spending or saving it as they like. The vast majority of workers also get some satisfaction from being productive and socializing with their coworkers. 

Capitalists want disciplined, focused workers – and well-reward those who possess these traits. Impulsive people in capitalist societies have trouble even holding down a job, as sociologists of poverty are well-aware. Even if you focus on consumers, plenty of firms – such as insurance companies and lenders – want people to be strong-willed, because their products offer long-run gain for short-run pain. People have consented or agreed to things they obviously haven’t. Even in the poorest countries, it’s normally multinational corporations that provide the best wages and working conditions. 

Workers’ alienation from their labor, society, and themselves; 3) to. Socialist-style approaches will result in greater utility or efficiency,but the greatest recommendation of socialism is that it is its own. Yes, people who run businesses want to make money; but most are also glad to create economic and personal opportunities for their workers, and valuable products for their consumers. 

Keywords: [“work”,”people”,”even”]
Source: http://econlog.econlib.org/archives/2018/03/capitalism_vs_s_1.html

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-13-2018

Is Ideology Genetic?

Websites pour forth heated arguments between liberals and conservative about almost everything-or, as is becoming clear due to brain research, what seem to be arguments but in fact are genetically determined reflexes. While saying so will enrage conservatives, it is clear that conservatism is a Darwinian relic, a selective adaptation to primitive times. Perhaps the sharpest difference between Left and Right is that conservatives lack empathy or, in English, compassion. Conservatives do not hate the children of Bangladesh. Harvard psychologists John Halpern and Alexandra Warmme-Coates performed PET scans on self-described liberals and conservatives. 

When shown a photograph of the mangled remains of a puppy run over by a bicycle, the brains of conservatives showed no response. When the photo was of the trading floor of the New York Stock Exchange, liberals showed no response, but in conservatives the prefrontal palpate lit up, an indicator of intense interest. Conservatives, without compassion, see the problems of blacks and say the hell with them. Conservatives, carrying the instinctual baggage of times when killing animals had a purpose, were utterly incapable of understanding why the bunny-huggers were upset. Liberals and conservatives were shown various photos and asked to say the first word that came to their minds. 

Republicans, conservative, are traditionally the party of war. The police, also conservative, demonstrate the same aggressiveness and are likely to have the same neural responses, though further research is needed. 

Keywords: [“conservative”,”liberals”,”shown”]
Source: https://www.lewrockwell.com/2015/08/fred-reed/is-ideology-genetic

Why Eckhart Tolle’s Evolutionary Activism Won’t Save Us

Given the central role Tolle plays in modern spiritual thinking, his ideas have world-wide implications. Tolle identifies a shift in the inner world as the only significant factor in social change. As we have seen, Tolle believes that God is evolving through us to awaken his or her divine planetary will on earth. It’s important to understand that when Tolle is referring to shifting inner consciousness, he is specifically talking about stilling the mind, not shifting inner social or political consciousness. Tolle is suggesting that what communists needed and what environmental polluters need is internal spiritual transformation – not education, training, relationship building, diversity training, political understanding, environmental awareness or anything else. 

If we were to take Tolle seriously we should instruct environmental educators to stop teaching about pollution and start teaching about how to connect to Being. Increasing the amount of creativity in the world won’t support the political ideas of Mr. Tolle. Any sort of universalizing divine quality that Tolle believes will speak to a particular social or political agenda is pure fiction. At the end of A New Earth, Tolle describes his understanding of how acting in the world lines up with one’s inner purpose. 

According to Tolle what is most urgently needed to address the thought addicted insane world is the cultivation of presence. Like many others Tolle mistakenly conflates presence with justice. Certainly Tolle has transformed the lives of many people. 

Keywords: [“Tolle”,”transformation”,”inner”]
Source: http://www.decolonizingyoga.com/why-eckhart-tolles-evolutionary-activism…

The NGO-ization of resistance

In the murky waters of fake NGOs set up or to siphon off grant money or as tax dodges, of course, there are NGOs doing valuable work. It’s important to consider the NGO phenomenon in a broader political context. In India the funded NGO boom began in the late 1980s and 1990s. As the state abdicated its traditional role, NGOs moved in to work in these very areas. Most large-funded NGOs are financed and patronized by aid and development agencies, which are, in turn, funded by Western governments, the World Bank, the UN and some multinational corporations. 

NGOs give the impression that they are filling the vacuum created by a retreating state. NGOs form a sort of buffer between the sarkar and public. In the long run, NGOs are accountable to their funders, not to the people they work among. It’s almost as though the greater the devastation caused by neoliberalism, the greater the outbreak of NGOs. In order make sure their funding is not jeopardized and that the governments of the countries they work in will allow them to function, NGOs have to present their work in a shallow framework, more or less shorn of a political or historical context. 

Eventually-on a smaller scale, but more insidiously-the capital available to NGOs plays the same role in alternative politics as the speculative capital that flows in and out of the economies of poor countries. NGOs have funds that can employ local people who might otherwise be activists in resistance movements, but now can feel they are doing some immediate, creative good. 

Keywords: [“NGO”,”fund”,”political”]
Source: http://massalijn.nl/new/the-ngo-ization-of-resistance

In Engaged Buddhism, Peace Begins with You

Vietnamese monk Thich Nhat Hanh was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by Martin Luther King, Jr. in 1967, after playing a central role in the Vietnamese peace movement. So we were very eager to practice Buddhism in such a way that we could bring it into society. Buddhism has to do with your daily life, with your suffering and with the suffering of the people around you. Thich Nhat Hanh.: The last time Martin Luther King and I met was in Geneva during the peace conference called Paix sur Terre. 

Thich Nhat Hanh.: People were very compassionate and willing to support us in ending the war in Vietnam during the sixties. People became angry very quickly because what they were doing wasn’t bringing about what they wanted. If you don’t have enough peace and understanding and loving-kindness within yourself, your actions will not truly be for peace. People often feel that they need to choose between being engaged in social change or working on personal and spiritual growth. If you don’t know how to listen to your own suffering, it will be difficult to listen to the suffering of another person or another group of people. 

Then we will ask the people who suffer to come forward and tell us what they have in their hearts. The fact is that people know America has the capacity to hit. John Malkin: Many people have the view that happiness and enlightenment are things that happen only in the future, and that maybe only a few people are capable of experiencing them. 

Keywords: [“people”,”practice”,”enlightenment”]
Source: https://www.lionsroar.com/in-engaged-buddhism-peace-begins-with-you

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-12-2018

The Basics of Trickle-down Economics

­Now that we have an idea of how the idea came about, let’s try to put all the pieces together to understand trickle-down economics as a whole. Tax breaks improve tax revenues, and according to Laffer’s curve, they also boost production. Giving tax breaks to the wealthy stands as a policy meant to improve the overall health of the economy. Opponents of this economic theory tend to believe that politicians who support it are in the pockets of wealthy businessmen. They often summarize trickle-down economics to something resembling Will Rogers’ definition: The policy of giving breaks to the rich first and hoping the benefits will eventually make their way to the working classes. 

Proponents of trickle-down economics object to this evaluation, calling it not just an oversimplification but a misinterpretation of what they hypothesize will happen. Thomas Sowell, an ardent supporter of trickle-down theory, argues that the popular definition gets it backward. Instead of benefiting the wealthy first, the policy actually benefits the working class first. This may sound impossible – after all, it’s the wealthy who get the tax breaks, not the poor. These wealthy investors must pay workers, thus creating jobs, before they can expect to see any profits. 

It’s the workers who receive the most immediate relief. ­While it might­ be true that some wealthy members of society seek tax breaks for self-serving purposes and might even bribe politicians into voting for these policies, trickle-down economists would consider this irrelevant to the question of whether the theory works for everyone. 

Keywords: [“wealthy”,”trickle-down”,”work”]
Source: https://money.howstuffworks.com/trickle-down-economics3.htm

An Overview of Major Frameworks

Much of what we know about societies, relationships, and social behavior has emerged thanks to various sociology theories. Some theories have fallen out of favor, while others remain widely accepted, but all have contributed tremendously to our understanding of society, relationships, and social behavior. Updated by Nicki Lisa Cole, Ph.D. The symbolic interaction perspective, also called symbolic interactionism, is a major framework of ​sociology theory. Feminist theory is one of the major contemporary sociological theories, which analyzes the status of women and men in society with the purpose of using that knowledge to better women’s lives. 

Critical Theory is a type of theory that aims to critique society, social structures, and systems of power, and to foster egalitarian social change. Social learning theory is a theory that attempts to explain socialization and its effect on the development of the self. Game theory is a theory of social interaction, which attempts to explain the interaction people have with one another. As the name of the theory suggests, game theory sees human interaction as just that: a game. Sociobiology is the application of evolutionary theory to social behavior. 

Social exchange theory interprets society as a series of interactions that are based on estimates of rewards and punishments. Chaos theory is a field of study in mathematics it has applications in several disciplines, including sociology and other social sciences. In the social sciences, chaos theory is the study of complex nonlinear systems of social complexity. 

Keywords: [“theory”,”social”,”society”]
Source: https://www.thoughtco.com/sociology-research-and-statistics-s2-3026650

Politically Incorrect: War, slaughter, and patriarchy should have ended in the cradle.

Before the Armory came into being, I was publishing Notes on my Facebook profile which I called political grenades, weapons to be wielded in the war for animal rights. In addition to regular articles, the Armory has begun publishing Politically Incorrect, an ongoing, daily stream of grenades that I hope will be shared extensively. Most will be provocative, all will be irreverent, many seditious, and each will be designed to hit people upside the head. The purpose of the Armory is to challenge people to think, to question what they believe, to weigh what they value. Its mission is to radicalize the animal movement and to advocate for socialist revolution. 

If you are a comrade you owe it to the animals to share the Armory far and wide. I am unaware of any other blog with the Armory’s mission of radicalizing the animal movement. If you know of other blogs dedicated to animal rights and the defeat of capitalism, please comment with a link. Be sure to follow the Armory and share it with your Facebook friends and email contacts, as well as on Twitter, Google, and all other social media platforms. Natasha Sainsbury, of Good Karma Graphic Design, has joined Armory of the Revolution as Editor, and is responsible for the transformation of the blog’s appearance. 

If you are not already subscribed to the Armory, please do so before you leave. Be sure to visit Armory of the Revolution’s new commissary and bookstore: The Supply Depot. You will find recommended reading on Animal Rights, revolutionary theory, politics, economics, religion, science, and atheism. 

Keywords: [“Armory”,”animal”,”right”]
Source: https://armoryoftherevolution.wordpress.com/2018/05/27/politically…

The Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary

Franklin didn’t patent any of his inventions or scientific discoveries, since he believed that everyone should be able to freely benefit from scientific progress. Despite his later fame as a scientist and diplomat, Franklin actually thought of himself first and foremost as a printer, all the way up to the end of his life. Printing is an industry with high capitalization costs, so Franklin needed support to get set up on his own. In his autobiography, Franklin noted that he often worked past 11pm to get a job done, and that if necessary, he would stay overnight to redo it. At the age of thirty, by which time his Pennsylvania Gazette was the most widely read newspaper in the colonies, Franklin campaigned to be made clerk of the Pennsylvania Assembly. 

Franklin took risks, but only very calculated risks. Franklin published all these types of material, but when his calculations convinced him that his investment in more daring ventures would be returned, he was prepared to take the risk. Franklin came up with solutions that turned potential problems into silver linings. Rather than risk one of his journeymen finding the backing to become a local competitor, Franklin came up with a basic franchising idea. Having tackled supply, Franklin moved on to distribution, spending years lobbying for the top post office job in the colonies. 

Franklin came up with America’s first political cartoon, and printed Pamela, the first novel published in the colonies. Franklin identified unmet demands, created an awareness of them, and then often stepped forward to fill them. 

Keywords: [“Franklin”,”print”,”way”]
Source: http://www.benfranklin300.org/etc_article_entrepreneur.htm