J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 07-27-2018

Why Become a Nurse?

According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, understaffed nursing schools must turn away qualified applicants because of a limited number of nurse educators. Not only does the number of RN graduates suffer, but also the number of advanced practice nurses, nurse administrators, and nurse managers trained to fill open positions; thus increasing the demand for nursing professionals all across the board. Multiple Career Paths: Nurses may fill general practice positions, such as becoming a registered nurse or nurse practitioner. Others may concentrate on a specialty, as seen in the oncology nurse or family nurse practitioner. As a nurse for ten years, Rose spent most of her time in LTC and SNF management, and calls nursing an appealing field because it ‘teaches you as you go. 

MSN – Registered nurses with an interest in becoming an advanced practice nurse, nurse educator, nurse anesthetist or nurse manager, must earn a Master’s of Science in Nursing through an accredited graduate degree program. Attending a degree program is not the only manner in which a nurse can become educated, enhance his or her skills, and/or gain valuable experience. Specialties: Nurses with specializations and certifications often earn higher salaries with some of the highest-paying nurse specialties including Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist, Nurse Researcher, and Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. Registered nurse credentials add value to a work history that is often respected in other fields, which makes it easier for nurses to find work if they become disabled, retire, or seek new employment. Lattavo is now the President of the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses, and says she is grateful for making the decision to become a nurse. 

From classroom to workplace, the support system available to a nurse is unending, and includes the likes of professors, clinical instructors, faculty, alumni, doctors, and other nurses. Brock’s work history includes medical sales, working with oncology patients, caring for infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, starting a traveling nurse agency, heading a nurse staffing business, and serving as a patient care coordinator for an insurance company. 

Keywords: [“nurse”,”nursing”,”work”]
Source: http://everynurse.org/become-nurse

Eugene V. Debs

As a rule, large capitalists are Republicans and small capitalists are Democrats, but workingmen must remember that they are all capitalists, and that the many small ones, like the fewer large ones, are all politically supporting their class interests, and this is always and everywhere the capitalist class. The political solidarity of the working class means the death of despotism, the birth of freedom, the sunrise of civilization. The capitalist class is represented by the Republican, Democratic, Populist and Prohibition parties, all of which stand for private ownership of the means of production, and the triumph of any one of which will mean continued wage-slavery to the working class. Deny it as may the cunning capitalists who are clear-sighted enough to perceive it, or ignore it as may the torpid workers who are too blind and unthinking to see it, the struggle in which we are engaged today is a class struggle, and as the toiling millions come to see and understand it and rally to the political standard of their class, they will drive all capitalist parties of whatever name into the same party, and the class struggle will then be so clearly revealed that the hosts of labor will find their true place in the conflict and strike the united and decisive blow that will destroy slavery and achieve their full and final emancipation. The working class must be emancipated by the working class. 

Woman must be given her true place in society by the working class. The working class must be employed by the working class. The fruits of labor must be enjoyed by the working class. War, bloody war, must be ended by the working class. The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. 

The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and all to lose – especially their lives. Here let me emphasize the fact – and it cannot be repeated too often – that the working class who fight all the battles, the working class who make the supreme sacrifices, the working class who freely shed their blood and furnish the corpses, have never yet had a voice in either declaring war or making peace. 

Keywords: [“class”,”work”,”capitalist”]
Source: https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Eugene_V._Debs

After Capitalism

To put it into a slogan: Capitalism Is No Alternative, or CINA. Four recent books provide radical and practical alternative visions for both the workplace and the economy more generally. These turbulent last four years are only a beginning to a revolutionary era of transformation away from capitalism. 5Wolff reminds us that democracy is inconsistent with the production of surplus-value in capitalism and the profit motive. All these authors also underscore the social pathologies generated by capitalism. Most investments in contemporary capitalism are highly speculative and short-term, rather than productive and long-term. 

They each provide alternative models to socioeconomic pathologies that constitute the ontology of capitalism. Schweickart offers a moral and ethical critique of capitalism, along with presenting the negative socioeconomic effects the dynamics and tendencies produce on human beings within the system in the form of inequality, unemployment, overwork, poverty, economic instability, and environmental degradation. Maheshvarananda has in mind a very long-term alternative to capitalism. Clearly all four of these revolutionary thinkers believe the time to transform society is now, the time to democratize the workplace is now, the time to recognize CINA and finally absent capitalism from existence is now. Their call to action is radically consistent with systemic theories of capitalism, and with the understanding of capitalism’s normal state as stagnation, periodic financial collapse, and individual worker hardship. 

Although there is certain to be disagreement as to explanations of the quadruple crises of global capitalism and in the models of alternative societies to today’s failed system or CINA, there is no room to claim TINA! Also see Barry C. Lynn, Cornered: The New Monopoly Capitalism and the Economics of Destruction for dozens and dozens examples of how oligopolistic firms supersede the constraints of the market and use their sheer size, vast resources, and endless political power to control and direct virtually every industry in the United States, effectively reinstituting the monopoly power of sixteenth-century feudalism. 

Keywords: [“capitalism”,”political”,”economic”]
Source: http://proutaftercapitalism.blogspot.com

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 07-24-2018

How the racial caste system got restored

Michelle Alexander’s book, The New Jim Crow, is a must-read for anyone trying to come to grips with the explosive growth of America’s prison population in the past three decades-and how this growth relates to the racial disparity in imprisonment. Alexander describes how the two prior systems of racial control, slavery and Jim Crow, functioned to create a racial underclass. Just as the white elite had successfully driven a wedge between poor whites and blacks following Bacon’s Rebellion by creating the institution of black slavery, another racial caste system was emerging nearly two centuries later, in part due to efforts by white elites to decimate a multiracial alliance of poor people. The bulk of The New Jim Crow is an account of how this new system of racial control has been constructed. Often the racial biases in these decisions are less the work of outright bigotry than unconscious racial stereotypes, which, as noted, have been widely promoted by politicians and the media. 

As Alexander documents, a series of Supreme Court rulings have effectively shut the courthouse doors to claims of racial bias in the criminal justice system. The system of mass incarceration is now, for all practical purposes, thoroughly immunized from claims of racial bias. Alexander goes on to show how this system of racial control operates beyond the prison cell as the criminal label follows millions of people of color for the rest of their lives. This officially colorblind system goes a long way in explaining how we have come to this moment in which a Black president can oversee a system that locks up millions of Black men. If the movement that emerges to challenge mass incarceration fails to confront squarely the critical role of race in the basic structure of society, and if it fails to cultivate an ethic of genuine care, compassion, and concern for every human being-of every class, race, and nationality-within our nation’s borders, the collapse of mass incarceration will not mean the death of racial caste in America. 

Inevitably a new system of racialized social control will emerge-one that we cannot foresee just as the current system of mass incarceration was not predicted by anyone thirty years ago. No task is more urgent for racial justice advocates today than ensuring that America’s current racial caste system is its last. 

Keywords: [“racial”,”system”,”drug”]
Source: https://isreview.org/issue/73/how-racial-caste-system-got-restored

SparkNotes: Great Expectations: Themes

The moral theme of Great Expectations is quite simple: affection, loyalty, and conscience are more important than social advancement, wealth, and class. Dickens establishes the theme and shows Pip learning this lesson, largely by exploring ideas of ambition and self-improvement-ideas that quickly become both the thematic center of the novel and the psychological mechanism that encourages much of Pip’s development. At heart, Pip is an idealist; whenever he can conceive of something that is better than what he already has, he immediately desires to obtain the improvement. Ambition and self-improvement take three forms in Great Expectations-moral, social, and educational; these motivate Pip’s best and his worst behavior throughout the novel. Significantly, Pip’s life as a gentleman is no more satisfying-and certainly no more moral-than his previous life as a blacksmith’s apprentice. 

Ultimately, through the examples of Joe, Biddy, and Magwitch, Pip learns that social and educational improvement are irrelevant to one’s real worth and that conscience and affection are to be valued above erudition and social standing. Throughout Great Expectations, Dickens explores the class system of Victorian England, ranging from the most wretched criminals to the poor peasants of the marsh country to the middle class to the very rich. From the handcuffs Joe mends at the smithy to the gallows at the prison in London, the imagery of crime and criminal justice pervades the book, becoming an important symbol of Pip’s inner struggle to reconcile his own inner moral conscience with the institutional justice system. In general, just as social class becomes a superficial standard of value that Pip must learn to look beyond in finding a better way to live his life, the external trappings of the criminal justice system become a superficial standard of morality that Pip must learn to look beyond to trust his inner conscience. Magwitch frightens Pip at first simply because he is a convict, and Pip feels guilty for helping him because he is afraid of the police. 

By the end of the book Pip has discovered Magwitch’s inner nobility, and is able to disregard his external status as a criminal. As Pip has learned to trust his conscience and to value Magwitch’s inner character, he has replaced an external standard of value with an internal one. 

Keywords: [“Pip”,”social”,”class”]
Source: http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/greatex/themes

Normalizing Male Dominance: Gender Representation in 2012 Films

Our analysis looks at films by genres, with some concluding remarks about gender roles and examples of male and female characters that were less objectified and represented gender roles that were more human or outside of the narrow gender roles of most films. Looking at the 53 films in the category of gender representation, we see that the majority of characters were male, and only 7 were female. Women are constantly being misrepresented in these films, shown for purposes of objectification, support of the male characters, and mostly as love interests that drive the male characters. In President Evil and Underworld, the lead females characters are strong and confident, but one is a vampire who is looking for her male partner and the lead female character in Resident Evil is often sexualized by the way she is dressed. We see animated film gender stereotypes here, a young boy being the main character, his dog being male, his role model in the film being a the male science teacher, his mother being overly protective and the villain, of sorts, being the cranky male neighbor/mayor of the town. 

The first three characters that appear on screen are male characters. The main male character Ted, voiced by Zac Efron, lives with his mom and grandmother and does not have a father figure, which is interesting, since in a large number of children films, the maternal character is missing. In Wreck-It Ralph, the relationships between male and female characters are portrayed as much more of a partnership than we see in many other movies, where one, mostly male, character is dominating another, usually female, character. There is the opportunity for the movie to have a stereotypical lesbian character, and it seems like they will head down that path with the character of Sergeant Calhoun; however, she works closely with another male character, Felix and the two become romantically involved. It is a heartwarming film that challenges some gender roles, but in the end Amy Adams character finds another male love interest and plays the role of the female fixer in a dysfunctional family. 

In The Five Year Engagement we see a bit of gender parity, the movie focusing equally on the main male and female characters. In the end, they do switch traditional gender roles, and the main female character proposes to the main male character. 

Keywords: [“character”,”film”,”male”]
Source: https://griid.org/2013/02/12/normalizing-male-dominance-gender…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 06-28-2018

Amway Founders Heritage & Values: What is Amway doing?

Class Struggle 125, June-August, 2018

We need workers control of as the class struggle intensifies the state’s ability production based on workers councils to contain opposition peacefully within the and the socialisation under workers framework of parliament is strained. That could only prolong its life at the expense of the lives of the world’s workers and poor farmers, 5 Class Struggle #125 June-August – 2018. We call on the as they can deceive the U.S. masses they do not international working class to rise to the defense care that the world knows the U.S. has no more of the Palestinian people, of the Syrian people and interest in Middle East peace than its pet monsters the working masses of the Middle East. 

Salute the workers of South Africa who are leading The worsening economic situation as a result of the the way in the regional struggles against slow international recovery and stagnating prices imperialism both western and eastern and inspiring of minerals and other natural resources has workers in other countries to take independent and affected the working class and the poor mostly. This is but a dismissals of workers without any benefits and without clear class struggle that must be fought in terms of the following even the basic requirements of bourgeoisie class means and not through reformist and legalistic labour rules guiding retrenchments and dismissals. The necessary to reverse the losses suffered by the workers management went on to use the memoranda as well as since 2016.To sustain the strike and the sit in working the complicity of the union to isolate workers and class solidarity is paramount. It is clear that for workers to live and Mayday as a ritual ‘celebration’ and make it a call 18 Class Struggle #125 June-August – 2018. For this to of Brazil and Latin America is the independent happen workers have to be militantly organised and political struggle of the working class against the armed with a revolutionary strategy and program. 

Organized spontaneous direct actions at the airports against the Muslim Ban and against torture Bourgeois talking heads won’t tell you the real committed at San Francisco Airport by Homeland effects of a 10% drop of stock market prices in the Security, and the spread from state to state of U.S. These losses have taken place post tax cut, teachers strikes and a growing resurgence in class i.e. THIS YEAR. They take place while investment struggle organizing and strike action by nurses and lags and almost all economists say corporations are airline workers as we march on May Day. The rights of the mid-west labor to the workers struggles in the Middle East and movement which used class struggle methods to everywhere in the fight for world socialist build the Teamsters and the CIO are mostly history revolution, not abandoning them to their own now, ignored by labor officialdom and contained brutal comprador bourgeoisie. 

Defeat the ruling class and fight for socialism, we Trump’s presidency really is only sustained at this have to defeat the fake leaders of the working class point by public relations. The fight clearer all the time that Democrats are not for working class political independence leads interested in impeaching Trump this year, talking through the formation of rank and file class increasingly that they will not seek to impeach him struggle committees in the unions challenging to next year, while many echo the former FBI chief bring class struggle methods back. 

Keywords: [“work”,”Class”,”revolution”]
Source: https://www.scribd.com/document/381767749/Class-Struggle-125-June…

Profit-Donation Capitalism

As consumers re-direct their purchasing power away from products sold by these conventional corporations and toward products sold by Profit-Donating Businesses, the rich earn less revenue to finance their lobbying. PDC calls upon individuals and philanthropic public service organizations to create a vast network of tens of thousands of Profit-Donating Businesses that sell products, and donate 100 percent of their profit to important causes. Successful Profit-Donating Businesses like the ones listed here already exist, demonstrating the viability of this profit-donating business model. We as shoppers choose the same-price, same-quality products sold by Profit-Donating Businesses over those offered by conventional companies so that 100 percent of the profit from what we buy can fund the charities and causes we care about. We would especially value the opportunity to support these causes at no personal cost by simply buying from Profit-Donating Business the products we would ordinarily buy from conventional businesses, while paying the same price for same-quality products. 

While Profit-Donation Capitalism can as the Profit-Donating Businesses listed on this site demonstrate, develop and grow naturally and independently, a centralized organizational leadership can more quickly spearhead the establishment of an extensive global network of thousands of these Profit-Donating Businesses. Because of their philanthropic purpose, and because their selling point of donating all of their profit is a relatively new concept within fields like economics, marketing, advertising, and not-for-profit management, Profit-Donating Businesses can arrange to have the research conducted cost-free by the marketing departments of colleges and universities throughout the world. The university’s marketing department can then conduct the Profit-Donating Businesses’s market research in exchange for some of the Profit-Donating Business’s profit being donated to the education center. To ensure the greatest success of Profit-Donation Capitalism and of individual Profit-Donating Businesses extensive collaboration among existing and prospective Profit-Donating Businesses is a wiser strategy. The media now covers new Profit-Donating Businesses who periodically introduce new products. 

A simultaneous introduction of as many new Profit-Donating Businesses selling new products to benefit one or more popular causes and charities will attract the broadest media coverage; an invaluable asset to all Profit-Donating Businesses. Initially, Profit-Donating Businesses should refrain from competing in markets against other Profit-Donating Businesses. 

Keywords: [“Profit-Donating”,”product”,”Businesses”]
Source: http://profitdonationcapitalism.com

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 05-22-2018

Why students are attracted to Socialism and give capitalism an F?

As students most get attracted to the ideals of socialism and breathe by it. Post college and getting into a job/business, we move towards capitalism and breathe by it. Though few friends say they have moved from Capitalism to Socialism seeing the ruthless corporate world. BK Marcus reflects on this phenomenon of students giving capitalism an F:. Not only are young voters more likely to support Democrats than Republicans, they are also more likely to support the most left-wing Democrats. 

Capitalism was big business: McDonald’s, IBM, the military-industrial complex. There is little doubt that capitalism is associated with all evils of the world as socialism once was. In latter, we saw the politicians amassing huge wealth in the name of socialism and in former, it is the big corporates and finance guys who have done the same. In socialism the idea was govt would redistribute which failed. In capitalism it was market forces which were supposed to do the same but have been found equally wanting. 

According to Pastin, the highest-performing students were both more likely to be self-declared socialists and more likely to meet his proposal with outrage: grading, they argued, should be a matter of merit. Let’s say the class follows capitalism which selects on merit. This is what has been happening in world of capitalism for centuries now. 

Keywords: [“capitalism”,”socialism”,”more”]
Source: https://mostlyeconomics.wordpress.com/2016/03/15/why-students-are…

To Be Genuinely Compassionate, Politicians Should Focus on Job Creation, not Unemployment Benefits

The current debate about extending unemployment benefits is remarkable because certain politicians want to give people money on the condition that they don’t get a job. There is a problem with joblessness, to be sure, but it’s misguided to think that extending unemployment benefits is the compassionate response. The black unemployment rate is more than twice that of whites. We explain that more unemployment benefits is a misguided approach. The unemployed need a strong job market, not endless handouts that create dependency. 

If we are serious about keeping workers out of the long-term unemployment trap, we must have a debate about which policies cause unemployment and which policies create jobs. The column cites many of the academic studies showing that unemployment benefits lead to more joblessness. It doesn’t focus specifically on unemployment benefits, but it makes a great point about labor supply incentives. Big government is responsible for today’s unemployment situation. Since President Obama was elected, we have spent $560 billion on unemployment benefits. 

The United States enjoyed strong levels of job creation during both the Reagan and Clinton years. Well, as illustrated by this chart, they both presided over periods with impressive job creation. 

Keywords: [“unemployment”,”government”,”job”]
Source: https://danieljmitchell.wordpress.com/2014/01/10/to-be-genuinely…

Canadian Conservative Forum

I don’t think there is any question that globalization is of great benefit not only for Canada, but also for the entire world. The process of globalization creates an enviable playing field for economic growth by limiting the amount of trade barriers and opening up the free market. Many have written negative articles and books about globalization. William Greider of Rolling Stone threw everything and the kitchen sink against globalization. As a self-described libertarian conservative, I can think of no better option to follow other than globalization for three reasons. 

First, globalization will provide an equal opportunity, on a level playing field, for potential success. Second, globalization will open up the lines of international trade. Third, globalization will enhance the technological market. While not perfect, the technological boom has enhanced the future prospects of globalization. A typical attack on globalization by the left is that it looks out for the individual rather than the interests of the community. 

Globalization produces winners and losers, not a socialist communal fantasy of free money and protecting a country’s economy. Globalization opens up a whole new range of trading possibilities and free market activity. 

Keywords: [“globalization”,”free”,”market”]
Source: http://www.conservativeforum.org/EssaysForm.asp?ID=6074

Compassion International

Compassion International is a nonprofit organization founded in 1952 by Reverend Everett Swanson. Swanson felt driven to help South Korean children who were left orphaned due to the war. Today this organization aims to provide over 1.2 million children in twenty-six countries with food, shelter, education and health care, and Christian training. Although Compassion International began in South Korea, the idea caught the attention of other people and it began to spread throughout the world. Compassion International is funded by charitable donations that are tax deductible in the United States. 

Last year about 520 million dollars was donated to this charity, and of that 520 million, 80 % went towards program activities for the children. There are a few characteristics of Compassion International that makes them different from other nonprofit organizations. One characteristic is their commitment to the children. Their ministry is focused on each individual child and their needs. They work holistically with every child to focus on their spiritual, economic, social and physical needs. 

Another characteristic is their commitment to Christ. Compassion International believes that Jesus Christ is the heart of their ministry. 

Keywords: [“Compassion”,”International”,”organization”]
Source: http://www.antiessays.com/free-essays/Compassion-International-183039.html

What is Marxism

Marxism is an economic and social system based upon the political and economic theories of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. According to Marx a class is defined by the relations of its members to the means of production. He proclaimed that history is the chronology of class struggles, wars, and uprisings. Under capitalism, Marx continues, the workers, in order to support their families are paid a bare minimum wage or salary. The worker is alienated because he has no control over the labor or product which he produces. 

The capitalists sell the products produced by the workers at a proportional value as related to the labor involved. Surplus value is the difference between what the worker is paid and the price for which the product is sold. An increasing immiseration of the proletariat occurs as the result of economic recessions; these recessions result because the working class is unable to buy the full product of their labors and the ruling capitalists do not consume all of the surplus value. A proletariat or socialist revolution must occur, according to Marx, where the state is a dictatorship of the proletariat. Religion, according to Marx was the response to the pain of being alive, the response to earthly suffering. 

Keywords: [“work”,”class”,”Marx”]
Source: https://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/what-is-marxism-faq.htm

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 05-16-2018

The Compassionate Story-Telling Project

THE COMPASSIONATE STORY-TELLING PROJECT. This innovative project aims to bring together twelve 18-23 year olds would- be story tellers drawn from adherents of four major faiths and cultures: Christians, Jews, Muslims and Hindus; and from those who have no faith background. They would be trained and accredited as story tellers and would be required both to create and research stories that demonstrate compassion from their faith community and secular perspectives. A collation of these stories including some tips on reading and storytelling will be published in book form illustrated with children’s work. The trained story tellers will be expected to become advocates of the compassionate story telling approach as well as disseminators of the stories in a range of contexts. 

PROJECT OUTPUTS The publication of a Treasure Trove of compassionate stories for those aged 8 and above. 12 trained story tellers who will be committed to a cross cultural, interfaith, compassionate approach and who will be available to visit schools, colleges, libraries, parent groups and other institutions. 12 trained story tellers who will be expected to become advocates for the approach and to in turn train others in the art of story telling Performance in two CoED events in 2015. A developing network of story tellers who will be committed to building compassionate cross cultural and interfaith links to use the medium as way of breaking down myths and stereotypes about people of different faiths. PROJECT OUTCOMES A greater mutual understanding between the adherents of the four faith groups and those of no faith which will be transmitted to a range of audiences through story telling performances and workshops. An on-going commitment to building compassion and cohesion through the power of story telling. A realisation that the power of storytelling can help to address areas of conflict in the world and can become an effective healing word. 

A significant rise in the profile of storytelling and building a more compassionate society in the hearts and minds of young people who, hopefully, will be inspired by the many stories they experience. 

Keywords: [“story”,”tellers”,”COMPASSIONATE”]
Source: http://www.coedfoundation.org.uk/pages/projects_storytelling.html

The only way to pay workers an adequate compensation is to pay them 100% of the income, since they do 100% of the work, and to pay them based on how hard they work, which you do by limiting differences in income between workers to only what is necessary to get them to do hard jobs and to give their maximum performance in performance based jobs. Allocating income in this way would pay workers from $115k to $460k per year for working just 20 hours per week. Workers shouldn’t have to work for free for 6 months every year just to pay off the gambling winnings of investors. There is something terribly flawed with a system that pays Kim Kardashian hundreds of times more than a brain surgeon for each hour worked. Half of all the income workers produce gets paid to the lucky who do no work and most of what’s left over gets paid to the scarce. 

The vast majority of the workers who produce everything – the engineers, doctors, construction workers, factory workers, miners, farmers, teachers – have to fight over the few crumbs that remain. Even though worker productivity is $65 per hour, enough to make every worker wealthy, most workers are broke because they only get paid a tiny fraction of the $65 per hour they produce. Of course, the lucky and scarce claim that they are getting paid adequately, that the other workers are not getting exploited because it is fair to pay them 50 to 150,000 times more for being lucky or scarce. If consumers had a direct say on how workers were valued, no worker would ever be able to earn thousands of times more income than another worker because they would never be able to convince consumers to take a huge pay cut at their job in order to pay their inflated salaries. The only economic reason for paying one person more than another is to get them to work harder. 

We don’t need to pay people 50 to 150,000 times more income to get them to work harder. The only fair economic system is socialism, as explained here, which makes everyone an equal owner of the planet’s resources and pays you based on how hard you work in converting those resources into useful goods and services. 

Keywords: [“work”,”pay”,”income”]
Source: http://occupywallst.org/forum/simple-explanation-of-why-capitalism-is-unfair

The only way out: the struggle for workers’ democracy

The radicalisation of the struggle is such that demands like the nationalisation, under workers control, of factories in crisis clearly connect with the experience of wide layers of the population, and are seen as something that is urgently needed. Despite all the slanders of the government, the piqueteros, the militant unemployed workers who organise roadblocks to demand food and work, and the popular assembles, continue to grow in influence daily. In the current situation, a Constituent Assembly would be no more than a variant of a bourgeois parliament! Faced with the collapse of capitalism and its institutions, there is no alternative in Argentina but workers power, and agitation must be stepped up and organised to patiently explain, to win over the majority of the population to this programme. A shift to the left of the middle classes or their neutrality towards the struggle of the working class. 

This condition unfortunately does not exist at present, but there is little doubt that the workers of Argentina are moving towards the transformation of the existing social order. Many analysts have said that the working class has not joined the struggle against the system. From a scientific point of view, the middle classes are a section of society that both works and owns its means of production, unlike the working class. The lowest layers of the middle class live and work in conditions very similar to many workers, whilst its top layers have much in common with bourgeoisie. Due to their living and working conditions, they cannot play an independent role in society and they continually hover between either supporting the bourgeoisie or supporting the workers. 

The last 25 years in Argentina have seen a vicious attack by the bourgeoisie on all the gains that the working class won through decades of struggle and which had lifted the country to fifth or sixth place in the world in terms of living standards. There is only one way forward for Argentina – the fight for workers’ power and a socialist programme. Immediate reduction in the working day without loss of pay in order to share out work. 

Keywords: [“work”,”Argentina”,”class”]
Source: http://www.marxist.com/argentina-only-way-out.htm

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 04-05-2018

What Is Marxism? What is the State?

The working class has seen the welfare state as a vital safety net, which provides basic health, education and security. We live in a class society where the ruling class does not represent the interests of the whole population, where a minority maintains its power and privileges by exploiting the majority. The class with economic dominance and power, the ruling class, created the state to protect itself, hold down its adversaries and guarantee that its will was done. In the last analysis however, if the capitalists feel threatened by the growing power of the working class, they will resort to other forms of capitalist state. One of the considerations of capitalist governments before implementing such plans is the strength of the working class and its ability to defend the historic conquests of the vote, the right to strike, organise in unions and other gains, if the ruling class was to attempt to remove them under a form of dictatorship. There is a series of blatantly political, class laws, relating to things like public order and industrial relations – most notoriously these were the Criminal Justice Act and the various anti-trade union laws introduced by the Tories, which are to do with making it more difficult for working class people to fight the attacks of the bosses. Some sections of the working class and even the middle class, especially young people, are antagonistic to the police. Lenin points out that Marxist revolutionaries, as opposed to reformists, say that the existing bourgeois state cannot be seized ready-made and used in the interests of the working class. Either the working class goes forward to take control of the economy and destroys the repressive apparatus which protects the ruling class and constructs its own institutions for running society democratically, or the leadership attempts a compromise, allows reaction to reorganise itself and move to crush workers and their organisations. In periods of heightened struggle, when the authority of the ruling class is in question and a victory by the working class is on the agenda, it would be irresponsible not to try to minimise the impact of state forces. In the confrontation between the rival powers of the working class and the bourgeoisie, the force used by the ruling class can only be minimised by a mass, well organised and determined movement of the working class. Working class communities in the first instance would be involved in preventing sabotage and disruption of the new socialist society by any disaffected group in the former ruling class.

Keywords: [“class”,”state”,”work”]
Source: http://marxism.org.uk/pack/state.html

Deep Change

In her empowering and practical book, she shares 21 Skills that can help you live a life of wisdom, compassion, and authentic leadership. The SQ21 model translates the most-admired qualities of our spiritual heroes-people like Nelson Mandela, Mother Teresa, or Martin Luther King Jr.-into a set of 21 skills that can be measured and intentionally developed. You will learn how to: Recognize the voice of Higher Self Live a life that is on-purpose and values-driven Understand people with very different points of view Sustain faith during challenging times Make compassionate and wise decisions Incorporating the best of contemporary and traditional spiritual wisdom in language that is faith neutral and faith-friendly, SQ21 is an invaluable tool for leaders, educators, coaches, consultants and anyone else seeking an effective, rational, and holistic way to embrace spirituality and see results. What They’re Saying I highly recommend this book. Conscious Capitalism, the ultimate path to long-term competitive advantage, requires conscious leaders. Conscious leaders must develop 5 key intelligences: IQ, physical intelligence, emotional intelligence, systems intelligence and spiritual intelligence(SQ). I am thrilled that Cindy Wigglesworth’s SQ21: The Twenty-One Skills of Spiritual Intelligence has finally described in a solid, practical way, what is needed and how we can develop these skills. Cindy Wigglesworth has devised an assessment that is an excellent overview of the process of general spiritual intelligence itself, including developmental variables-and thus one I can highly recommend! Ken Wilber, author of A Brief History of Everything. Wigglesworth has ventured to pioneer new ground in our relationship to larger forces-our spiritual selves. Finally, an intelligent book on Spiritual Intelligence! Cindy Wigglesworth doesn’t just preach its value, but shows us how it can be measured and developed as a skill-set. SQ21 is a must-read for anyone trying to navigate the multidimensional challenges of life today. Cindy Wigglesworth does for spiritual intelligence what Daniel Goleman does for emotional intelligence in giving it a clear definition, a sharpened focus, and elucidating the difference it can make in organizations as well as in individuals.

Keywords: [“Intelligence”,”Spiritual”,”Wigglesworth”]
Source: https://www.deepchange.com/sq21book

Compassion Can Only Exist In The Market

As we approach Christmas, a holiday season ripe for the usual anti-capitalism sentiment as countless of people who celebrate the date prepare to buy presents to put under the tree, we are reminded that in times of crisis, only individuals working in a private business, where they have incentives to act responsibly so that they may also benefit themselves, will be able to meet the market’s demands. In the end, no government bureaucrat can do what a simple pizza delivery man can. The story of Eric Olsen of Omaha, Nebraska, is a perfect example of this. After Hurricane Matthew hit Florida, forcing countless of locals to be shunned from the world as communication lines were cut due to the natural disaster, Olsen knew he had to do something to make sure his 87-year-old grandmother was OK.As he attempted to communicate with her, Olsen contacted the local police and the sheriff’s department, and yet nobody could tell him if Claire Olsen, his grandmother, was alive. After two days of agony, Olsen finally had a brilliant idea. Instead of calling another government agency in search for help, Olsen found a local pizza place and made the call that changed everything. Letting the delivery person know about his grandmother’s situation, Olsen asked the delivery person to call him when he finally delivered the pizza. So once the delivery man arrived, he put Claire in contact with her grandson. As it turns out, the joke is really on anyone who truly believes that in a time of crisis, only governments should be trusted to act on our behalf. When we trust the government to take on the responsibilities that truly should be our own, we also give bureaucrats and politicians powers over our own lives that should never be delegated to anyone else but ourselves. This story goes to show that the market takes care of its consumers not because it has power over them, but because it has a responsibility to deliver, otherwise, it loses customers to competitors. Once we all truly understand this, there will be no more need to convince anybody that a party is superior to another, and that a candidate in particular will do anything for us, as the public will finally realize politicians are not to be trusted.

Keywords: [“Olsen”,”pizza”,”finally”]
Source: https://www.theadvocates.org/2017/11/compassion-can-exist-market

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 03-12-2018

compassionate conservatism

As a conservative Christian, I was introduced to WORLD Magazine and Marvin Olasky in the 90’s. Olasky - one of several supposed ex-communists with a dubious past and a lying streak - talked a lot about ‘compassionate conservatism’ and the need for conservative Christians to support urban people. Yes, I voted for the first time on the premise that I was doing good for myself and my community. I did see welfare as an impediment to working and living securely. What I thought about were the kids I was working with. It didn’t lead to more secure communities through the advancement and strengthening of nuclear families, but less-secure communities. I think I believed in compassionate conservatism not only because I hadn’t yet seen the extent of economic deprivation and theft in Working Class communities of color and other abandoned WC communities. At the time, I knew and saw the desperation of my Black and Brown Working Class community and my own Working Class family, which had received government subsidies before and after my father lost his employment to privatization, alcohol abuse, and epilepsy. Welfare before the Reaganites and the New Democrats altered it was not going to work on its own because it saw money to poor families as merely a form of aid. It should have realized - as conservativism and more-compassionate liberalism certainly still fail to realize - that child-raising is work. Pregnancies are seen as interruptions from work - and thus income - rather than as a form of valuable, creative work in and of themselves.

Keywords: [“work”,”community”,”people”]
Source: https://leftcheek.wordpress.com/tag/compassionate-conservatism

The Experiment: Capitalism versus Socialism

The Experiment pitted the market economy of the West against the command economy of the East. The West boasted large, vibrant industries and other highly productive sectors, while dirty antiquated factories and outmoded farming methods dominated the East. About the only staple that was cheaper in East Germany were potatoes, which could be distilled into vodka, so that lower caste East Germans could commiserate better with their abundant Russian comrades. State-guaranteed health care in the East did not translate into a healthier society. In 1990, life expectancy in the West was about 3½ years longer than in the East for men, and more than 2½ years longer for women. The socialist mentality of full employment for everyone led to more women working in the East than in the West. As the education system in East Germany was deeply rooted in socialism, the state ran an extensive network of schools that indoctrinated children into the socialist system from just after their birth to the university level. While it’s true that today East Germans perform better at STEM studies than their Western counterparts, that may be explained in part by the influx of numerous poorly educated immigrants to former West German areas, and the extensive money invested in the eastern region since reunification. Even though East Germany was much better off than other Soviet satellite countries, East German socialism offered few advantages over its capitalist western counterpart. They apparently think East German socialism is preferable to West German capitalism.

Keywords: [“East”,”Germany”,”West”]
Source: https://wattsupwiththat.com/2016/09/23/the-experiment-capitalism…

Why So Little Empathy and Compassion Within American Culture?

The ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas; the class which is the ruling material force in society is at the same time the ruling intellectual force. I submit that neoliberal capitalist culture in the U.S. deadens feelings of social solidarity, pathologizes how we view ourselves and stunts our natural feelings of empathy and moral responsibility. The Italian Marxist, Antonio Gramsci, argued that it’s all about class and power as the ideas of the ruling class take on the everyday status of common sense, of universal truths. It would be incorrect to assume our rulers are a coven of diabolical conspirators who gather at Davos to consciously devise their wicked schemes. There’s actually a remarkable symmetry between neoliberalism’s ruling ideas and the convictions held by elites. In any event, to the extent these ideas are internalized by working people, we police ourselves, thus reducing the elite’s need for visible coercion. Make no mistake, there is nothing more dangerous to ruling class interests than people getting in touch with their inborn, wired sense of empathy and then acting as their sisters’ and brothers’ keeper. To reiterate, ideas do not have an independent existence apart from economics. Finally, exposing the class power behind culture points up the absolute necessity for basic structural changes in our dominant economic system and its empathy-enervating ideology. Of course, I don’t mean to imply that the elite’s attempt at cultural hegemony is complete.

Keywords: [“rules”,”class”,”ideas”]
Source: https://dissidentvoice.org/2018/01/why-so-little-empathy-and…

Best Sellers: Best Kindle eBooks on thevinnette.com

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Keywords: [“Download”,”pdf”,”enter”]
Source: http://www.thevinnette.com/compassionate-capitalism-people-helping-people…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 02-13-2018

Compassionate Capitalism-Part 6 (Question and Answer)

What is Orthodox Marxism and Why it Matters Now More Than Ever Before

Like all other modes and forms of political theory, the very theoretical identity of Orthodox Marxism is itself contestednot just from non-and anti-Marxists who question the very “Real” existence of any kind of Marxism now but, perhaps more tellingly, from within the Marxist tradition itself. I will first say what I regard to be the distinguishing marks of Orthodox Marxism and then outline a short polemical map of contestation over Orthodox Marxism within the Marxist theories now. Parody is always the effect of a slippage and the slippage here is that in spite of the sudden popularity of “Orthodox” Marxism, the actual theories and practices of the newly orthodox are more than ever before flexodox. What is at the core of both the flexodox marxism and the popular culture of class as “Lifestyle” is a de-politicization of the concepts of Orthodox Marxism which neutralizes them as indexes of social inequality and reduces them to merely descriptive categories which take what is for what ought to be. The hollowing out of Marxism in the name of Marxism by such theorists as Smith, Sprinker and Zizek is based on the ideological un-said of the bourgeois right of property and its underpinning logic of the market which are represented as natural (“Inalienable”) “Human rights,” or more commonly, in daily practices, as individual rights. Rosemary Hennessy’s Profit and Pleasure is the most recent and perhaps most popular attack on Orthodox Marxism in the name of Marxism itself. One of the ways such writers hollow out Marxism of its Marxism and produce a Marxism beyond Marxism is by their overt acknowledgement of the way Marxism is treated in the bourgeois culture industry. Under cover of this ideological self-inoculation, Hennessy then goes on to produce her “Tamed” version of Marxism that is only metaphorically “Marxist” because it is void of all the concepts and practices that make Marxism Marxism. Marx’s labor theory of value is an elemental truth of Orthodox Marxism that is rejected by the flexodox left as the central dogmatism of a “Totalitarian” Marxism. The time has come to state it clearly so that even the flexodox opportunists may grasp it: Orthodox Marxism is not a free-floating “Language-game” or “Meta-narrative” for arbitrarily constructing local utopian communities or spectral activist inversions of ideology meant to seduce “Desire” and “Mobilize” subjectivityit is an absolute prerequisite for our emancipation from exploitation and a new society freed from necessity! Orthodox Marxism is the only global theory of social change.

Keywords: [“Marxism”,”class”,”social”]
Source: http://www.redcritique.org/spring2001/whatisorthodoxmarxism.htm

Pew study experts: Artificial intelligence threatens the future of capitalism

A Pew Research Foundation study examining the future of work and job training found a belief among some experts that artificial intelligence and automation threaten not just millions of jobs, but also the future of capitalism. Released Wednesday, the non-scientific study titled “The Future of Jobs and Jobs Training” is the seventh in an eight-part “Future of the Internet” study being conducted by the Pew Research Center and Elon University. “People will create the jobs of the future, not simply train for them, and technology is already central,” said a Microsoft principal researcher. Several respondents questioned the point of training for a job that won’t exist at all in the future. “While the first three themes found among the responses to this canvassing were mostly hopeful about advances in education and training for 21st-century jobs, a large share of responses from top experts reflect a significant degree of pessimism for various reasons. Some even say the future of jobs for humans is so baleful that capitalism may fail as an economic system,” the Pew report reads. Training for jobs of the future A primary question in the survey was “In the next 10 years, do you think we will see the emergence of new educational and training programs that can successfully train large numbers of workers in the skills they will need to perform the jobs of the future?”. About 70 percent of survey participants said they believe education and training programs will successfully prepare people for jobs of the future, but many respondents also believe education will not be sufficient to meet people’s needs within the next decade, as automation and AI are expected to claim more human jobs. A mid-2015 Pew Research survey found that about two-thirds of U.S. citizens believe that within 50 years robots and automation will do the majority of the work done by humans today, though 80 percent of respondents said they expected their job to exist in the same period of time. “Many of them say that current K-12 or K-16 education programs are incapable of making adjustments within the next decade to serve the shifting needs of future jobs markets.” Don’t expect a political solution Whether respondents agreed that workers are being trained for the jobs of the future or not, many expressed concern about the ability to reach these training goals in time to prepare workers for those jobs.

Keywords: [“job”,”future”,”train”]
Source: https://venturebeat.com/2017/05/05/pew-study-experts-artificial…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 01-31-2018

Why there is no “ethical consumption” under capitalism

In the 1990’s, stories emerged of billion dollar corporations like Nike, Apple, Nestle and Wal-Mart forcing workers to manufacture their products in sweatshops, terrifying consumers who hitherto had no knowledge of working conditions in the so-called “Third world.” Additionally, information began to circulate on the truth about factory pollution and human-caused climate change, which for the first time made it a concern of those other than just scientists. The working class produces enough food for two worlds, but there are still millions of children who die of malnutrition every year. Workers spend more, the ruling class rakes in the profits, and global pollution rises as before because corporate and industrial pollution continues as before. Not only will it never be possible for everyone to make “Environmentally friendly” choices due to systemic economic and social inequality, under capitalism the desire to do so by many working class people has been made into a commodity for the capitalists to profit from. As long as the majority of wealth and resources are owned and controlled by a minority exploiting class, producing for profit instead of human need, workers’ rights and environmental sustainability will always suffer. The major flaw in “Ethical consumption” is the illusion that there is a more ethical option under capitalism, i.e. the idea that if we pay a few dollars more at Whole Foods, we can achieve a more compassionate capitalism; a capitalism where what is the most profitable is also the most moral. “Ethical consumption” suggests that production for profit is acceptable, as long as it comes from a more kind and gentle version of capitalism which treats its workers nicely and cares about the environment. The idea of ethical profit is an oxymoron, considering that all profit is the unpaid wages of the working class, privately appropriated and hoarded by the ruling capitalist class. The logic of production for profit and competition on the market means the capitalists must always try and lower their costs of production by squeezing more out of the workers and cutting corners on workplace safety and environmental sustainability. Ethical consumerism ends up dividing the working class by implying that those who purchase “Ethically” are more moral than those who do not, regardless of their means of doing so. The answer to this question is not to be found in the individualistic approach of ethical consumption, but rather through organizing all layers of the working class in a united struggle against capitalism, which is the root of all modern exploitation and misery. Rather than feeding the greed of a parasitic minority, a socialist system run by and for the working class will prioritize the needs of society and the planet, allowing the immense resources on planet earth to be utilized sustainably in the interests of the majority and future generations.

Keywords: [“work”,”Ethical”,”class”]
Source: https://www.marxist.ca/analysis/environment/1303-why-there-is-no…

Marxism, Human Nature, and Society

The individual is a profoundly social being, whose needs cannot be fully satisfied without human community and interaction;- Communist society is a society “In which the full and free development of every individual forms the ruling principle.”11We also find the following argument:Since human nature is the true community of men, by manifesting their nature men create, produce, the human community, the social entity, which is no abstract universal power opposed to the single individual, but is the essential 9. In the practice of the Left, many Marxists have tended to assume that the abolition of private property alone will bring about the emancipation of women and have treated so-called women’s issues as secondary to the “prior” struggle of the working class in the economic sphere. Some aspects of the oppression of women predate capitalism, continue to exist in the so-called existing socialist countries, and within socialist movements; and originate in the reproductive function of women and in sexual politics. Bourgeois feminism does not trace the source of women’s oppression in the work place or home to structural, economic causes, or to the inherent patriarchy of social institutions, but to “attitudes” which “discriminate” against women gaining entry to certain positions. Radical feminists tend to trace the sources of women’s oppression to a sexual power struggle between men and women. The mode of struggle typical of radical feminists is to organize women separately and to define their concerns as “women’s issues. In my view, it is not possible to be a Marxist without being a feminist; that is, without acknowledging the unique oppression suffered by women historically and under capitalism, and without making the sexual emancipation of women a crucial part of our definition of socialism. Caring for children is a social responsibility; the right of the man to a nurturing role is a social issue; relationships based on equality and reciprocity are an essential need of both women and men.17. Marxism, Human Nature, and Society 7- capital and the state have collaborated in controlling the fertility of women in accordance with the demands of the labour market through access to daycare, Iiberalization or restriction of contraceptive use, abortion, and child bonuses. Marxists have tended to focus organizing efforts on women in the work place, rather than supporting autonomous, interclass women’s organizations. Women working in left organizations developed a critique of the practice of their male colleagues, which had far-reaching consequences The women argued that. In some cases the internal conflict contributed to the break-up of organizations; certainly many women left their former political “Homes” and transferred their energies to the “Women’s movement.” To some extent, radical feminism is a legacy of this experience of women with left parties and groupings.

Keywords: [“women”,”human”,”society”]
Source: http://bahai-library.com/adkin_marxism_human_nature

JR Test Site News for 01-24-2018

Part 1: Fernando Zobel de Ayala keynote on Enlightened Capitalism

Working class opposition erupts in Iran: A harbinger for the world in 2018

It is rooted in the working class, including in smaller industrial cities and district towns; draws its greatest support from young people, who face an unemployment rate of 40 percent or more; and is driven by opposition to social inequality and capitalist austerity. What is certain is that the working class, having thrust itself onto center stage, will not be quickly or easily silenced. The working class unrest in Iran has already upset the calculations not just of the Iranian elite, but of governments around the world. To understand the significance of the resurgence of the Iranian working class for Middle East and world politics, it is necessary to examine it in historical context. The Tudeh party had deep roots in the working class, which had a long history of secularism and revolutionary socialism. With the working class politically neutralized by the Stalinists, Khomeini was able to reorganize the state machine following the Shah’s overthrow, while manipulating and diverting the mass movement, and then restabilize bourgeois rule through savage repression of the political left, including the Tudeh party, and the destruction of all independent workers’ organizations. Over the course of the past three decades, Iran’s government has been led by different factions of the political elite, including so-called “Reformists” and Shia populists like Ahmadinejad. All have further rolled back the social concessions made to working people in the wake of the 1979 revolution and savagely suppressed the working class. At its core, the experience of the working class in Iran mirrors that of workers around the world, who for decades have faced an unrelenting assault on their social rights and politically have been utterly disenfranchised. The events in Iran will resonate across the Middle East, where the working class has passed through decades of bitter experiences, not only with the secular bourgeois nationalist movements, but also with various forms of Islamist politics, including the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party in Turkey. The events in Iran must be recognized as a harbinger of a vast eruption of working class struggle around the world. The task of revolutionary socialists is to turn into this movement and fight to arm the international working class with an understanding of the logic of its needs, aspirations and struggles. Working people, the class that produces the world’s wealth, must unite their struggles across state borders and continents to establish workers’ political power, so as to undertake the socialist reorganization of society and put an end to want and imperialist war.

Keywords: [“worker”,”class”,”Iranian”]
Source: https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2018/01/04/pers-j04.html

SparkNotes: The Enlightenment: The French Enlightenment

Key People Louis XIV – “Sun King” whose late-1600.s extravagance prompted disgruntled French elites to congregate in salons and exchange ideas Louis XV – Successor to Louis XIV; ineffective ruler who allowed France to slide into bankruptcy; ineptness greatly undermined authority of French monarchy Baron de Montesquieu – Philosopher whose The Spirit of Laws built on Locke’s ideas about government Voltaire – Primary satirist of the French Enlightenment; best known for Candide Denis Diderot – Primary editor of the mammoth Encyclopédie, which attempted to aggregate all human knowledge into one work Origins of the French Enlightenment. Although the first major figures of the Enlightenment came from England, the movement truly exploded in France, which became a hotbed of political and intellectual thought in the 1700.s. The roots of this French Enlightenment lay largely in resentment and discontent over the decadence of the French monarchy in the late 1600.s. During the reign of the wildly extravagant “Sun King” Louis XIV, wealthy intellectual elites began to gather regularly in Parisian salons and complain about the state of their country. Cutting-edge thought in a variety of disciplines worked its way into the salons, and the French Enlightenment was born. As varied as they were, the leading French philosophes generally came from similar schools of thought. A large part of the philosophes’ attacks were focused on the Church and its traditions. The philosophes also raised objections against the decadent lifestyles of leading Church representatives, as well as the Church’s persistence in collecting exorbitant taxes and tithes from the commoners to fund outlandish salaries for bishops and other Church officials. What the philosophes found most appalling was the control that the Church held over impressionable commoners by instilling in them a fear of eternal damnation. The philosophes may have had mixed feelings about the common people, but they had very strong feelings against the Church. The Church, in turn, hated the philosophes and all they stood for. Beyond just talking about revolutionary ideas, more and more French people, especially in Paris and its surrounds, were reading and writing about them as well. A symbiotic relationship developed as readers anxiously awaited more literature from the philosophes, and in turn the response that the writers received compelled them to write more. The scholarly atmosphere at the time also provided women of French society-albeit still within traditional roles as salon hostesses-with an opportunity to contribute to the conversation.

Keywords: [“French”,”Church”,”philosophes”]
Source: http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/enlightenment/section3.rhtml