Capitalism Is the Cure for Ethiopia’s Problems
COMMENTARY. According to the comprehensive 2001 Index of Economic Freedom, Ethiopia “Remains by far the poorest area in the world.” In Ethiopia, per capita GNP is estimated at $108. By contrast, the per capita GNP in the United States exceeds $30,000. Most people forget that pre-industrial Europe was vastly poorer than contemporary Ethiopia and had a much lower life expectancy. What does Ethiopia lack that the West has? Capitalism. It is capitalism that enabled the West to rise to great prosperity. The lack of capitalism is responsible for Ethiopia’s crushing poverty. What is capitalism? It is an economic system in which all property is privately owned, a system without government regulation and government handouts. Capitalism is a social system based on individual rights, the right of every individual to his life, his liberty and the pursuit of his own happiness. Creative minds-from Thomas Edison to Steve Jobs-flourish only under freedom. Under the kings, theocracies, military dictatorships and socialist regimes that dominate Ethiopia, such minds are stifled. Ethiopia has the identical natural resource fundamentally responsible for the West’s rise: the human mind. Ethiopia is mired in tribal cultures that stress subordination to the group rather than personal independence and achievement. All over Ethiopia the brutal dictators murder and rob innocent citizens, students and the opposition in order to aggrandize themselves and members of their tribes. What Ethiopia desperately needs is to remove the political and economic shackles and replace them with political and economic freedom. It needs to depose the socialist regime and establish capitalism, with its political/economic freedom, its rule of law and respect for individual rights. The truly humanitarian system is not the Marxism espoused by Western intellectuals but the only system that can establish, as it historically has, the furtherance of life on earth: capitalism.
History Learning Site
Key Marxist concepts are diametrically the opposite to capitalism and some believe have created a mentality of a society that is very much a ‘them and us’ one. Marxism believes that capitalism can only thrive on the exploitation of the working class. Marxism believes that there was a real contradiction between human nature and the way that we must work in a capitalist society. Marxism believes that capitalism is not only an economic system but is also a political system. Marxism believes that economic conflict produces class and inherently class produces conflict. A Marxist analysis called ‘Polarisation of the Classes’ describes the historical process of the class structure becoming increasingly polarised – pushed to two ends with noting in the middle. Capitalism largely shapes the educational system, without the education system the economy would become a massive failure as without education we are without jobs and employment which is what keeps society moving. Education helps to maintain the bourgeoisie and the proletariat so that there can workers producing goods and services and others benefiting from it. Ruling class project their view of the world which becomes the consensus view. Marxists believe that a key part in the control of the Proletariat is the use of alienation in all aspects of society, including the family, the education system and the media. Marxists believe that deviance is any behavior that differs from the societal norm. Deviance can vary from simply odd behavior to behavior that can harm society or is considered dangerous or disrespectful. Marx believed that economic power led to political power and that this is the key to understanding societies. Neo-Marxists believe the economic system creates a wealthy class of owners and a poor class of workers. They also believe that certain social institutions such as churches, prisons and schools have been created to maintain the division between the powerful and the powerless.
Age of Enlightenment
Diderot helped spread the Enlightenment’s ideas by writing the Encyclopédie, the first big encyclopedia that was available to everyone. The Enlightenment grew partly out of the earlier scientific revolution and the ideas of René Descartes. The Enlightenment’s most important idea was that all people can reason and think for themselves. Another important idea was that a society is best when everyone works together to create it. Even people with very little power or money should have the same rights as the rich and powerful to help create the society they live in. Many of the Founding Fathers of the United States believed the Enlightenment’s ideas. The Enlightenment’s ideas were also important to the people who fought in the French Revolution of 1789. In some countries, kings and queens took some of the Enlightenment’s ideas and made changes to their governments. During the Age of Enlightenment, as more and more people began to use reason, some began to disagree with the idea that God created the world. Every government should have a contract which promises that people will have these rights. People should solve problems with rationalism and the scientific method, instead of looking for answers from religion Writers and philosophers should be free to look for the truth, even if they disagreed with the ideas of people in power such as aristocracy. The Enlightenment’s ideas about thinking with reason, having personal freedoms, and not having to follow the Catholic Church were important in creating capitalism and socialism. Important people in the Enlightenment came from many different countries and shared ideas in many different ways. His ideas were very important to Thomas Jefferson and The Founding Fathers when they wrote the United States Declaration of Independence. Locke’s ideas about people’s rights to “Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” were especially important, and appear in the Declaration of Independence.