J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 09-07-2018

Want to discover your sense of purpose at work? |

Purpose boosts our capacity to make the greatest impact in the work we do and to connect with other people across cultures and contexts. We feel energized, motivated and expanded when we have a sense of purpose. Having a purpose can help us overcome obstacles, a benefit that makes a difference at work. The study’s goal was to identify the correlation between a student’s sense of purpose and the degree of difficulty with which he or she regarded the climb, to understand why some students make it up the Slope while others don’t. Participants who reflected on their larger purpose before climbing the hill estimated the slope and the effort to climb it as lower than if they were asked about a short-term goal. 

What was interesting was that for people with either higher dispositional purpose – who perceived themselves as high in purpose in general – or who were asked to reflect on purpose briefly, the link between effort and slope overestimation was diminished. So if we want to understand what we are trying to do, we have to find ways to keep our greater purpose and vision in mind. By shifting our perspective, we can achieve a greater sense of purpose without changing what we’re doing. No matter how lost or stuck you feel you can get back on purpose. Pay attention to how a shift in your perspective impacts your sense of joy and purpose. 

One way to figure it out is to pick a manageable period of time, such as one week, and notice when you feel most on purpose and what you’re doing at the time. Purpose is ongoing and iterative – it’s a process of seeing what works, and what doesn’t, for you and your life. 

Keywords: [“purpose”,”work”,”feel”]
Source: https://ideas.ted.com/want-to-discover-or-re-discover-your-sense…

Database of Free Online Books, Textbooks, and Lecture Notes on bodrumyalilari.com

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Download The Anatomists ebooks pdf are ready when you click and follow the link below. Download. Download Spark: The Firebrand Chronicles, Book One ebooks pdf are ready when you click and follow the link below. Download. Download EastEnders: The First 10 Years ebooks pdf are ready when you click and follow the link below. 

Download. Download Unstoppable: The Incredible Power of Faith in Action ebooks pdf are ready when you click and follow the link below. Download. Download The New Economics for Industry, Government, Education ebooks pdf are ready when you click and follow the link below. Download. 

Download The Complete Book of Breads ebooks pdf are ready when you click and follow the link below. Download. Download Semantic Web for the Working Ontologist: Effective Modeling in RDFS and OWL ebooks pdf are ready when you click and follow the link below. Download. Download Funny Tragic Crazy Magic ebooks pdf are ready when you click and follow the link below. 

Download. Download The Unofficial Guide to Starting a Business Online ebooks pdf are ready when you click and follow the link below. We offer you The Unofficial Guide to Starting a Business Online premium access, just enter your keyword and download the pdf. 

Keywords: [“Download”,”pdf”,”keyword”]
Source: http://www.bodrumyalilari.com/compassionate-capitalism-how-corporations…

AYN RAND’S PHILOSOPHY OF OBJECTIVISM

Rand’s moral theory of self-interest is derived from man’s nature as a rational being and end in himself, recognizes man’s right to think and act according to his freely-chosen principles, and reflects a man’s potential to be the best person he can be in the context of his facticity. The role of the government is, thus, to protect man’s natural rights through the use of force, but only in retaliation and only against those who initiate its use. Thinking, man’s basic virtue, is exercised by choice man is a being of volitional consciousness. According to Rand, man has no innate knowledge and must determine through thought the goals, actions, and values upon which his life depends. If life as a man is one’s purpose, he has the right to live as a rational being. 

A right is a moral principle defining and sanctioning a man’s freedom of action in a social context. According to Rand, rights are innate and can be logically derived from man’s nature and needs. If one’s life is the standard, man has the right to live and pursue values as his survival requires. A man who has no right to the product of his efforts is not free to pursue his happiness and has no means to sustain his life. A violation of a man’s property rights is an expression of force against the man himself. 

The purpose of government is to protect man’s rights and enforce contractual agreements a breach of contract is an indirect use of force. For her, the idea of God is offensive and humiliating to man since it would mean that man is not the highest being in the world. 

Keywords: [“man”,”right”,”Rand”]
Source: http://www.quebecoislibre.org/011124-15.htm

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-12-2018

The Basics of Trickle-down Economics

­Now that we have an idea of how the idea came about, let’s try to put all the pieces together to understand trickle-down economics as a whole. Tax breaks improve tax revenues, and according to Laffer’s curve, they also boost production. Giving tax breaks to the wealthy stands as a policy meant to improve the overall health of the economy. Opponents of this economic theory tend to believe that politicians who support it are in the pockets of wealthy businessmen. They often summarize trickle-down economics to something resembling Will Rogers’ definition: The policy of giving breaks to the rich first and hoping the benefits will eventually make their way to the working classes. 

Proponents of trickle-down economics object to this evaluation, calling it not just an oversimplification but a misinterpretation of what they hypothesize will happen. Thomas Sowell, an ardent supporter of trickle-down theory, argues that the popular definition gets it backward. Instead of benefiting the wealthy first, the policy actually benefits the working class first. This may sound impossible – after all, it’s the wealthy who get the tax breaks, not the poor. These wealthy investors must pay workers, thus creating jobs, before they can expect to see any profits. 

It’s the workers who receive the most immediate relief. ­While it might­ be true that some wealthy members of society seek tax breaks for self-serving purposes and might even bribe politicians into voting for these policies, trickle-down economists would consider this irrelevant to the question of whether the theory works for everyone. 

Keywords: [“wealthy”,”trickle-down”,”work”]
Source: https://money.howstuffworks.com/trickle-down-economics3.htm

An Overview of Major Frameworks

Much of what we know about societies, relationships, and social behavior has emerged thanks to various sociology theories. Some theories have fallen out of favor, while others remain widely accepted, but all have contributed tremendously to our understanding of society, relationships, and social behavior. Updated by Nicki Lisa Cole, Ph.D. The symbolic interaction perspective, also called symbolic interactionism, is a major framework of ​sociology theory. Feminist theory is one of the major contemporary sociological theories, which analyzes the status of women and men in society with the purpose of using that knowledge to better women’s lives. 

Critical Theory is a type of theory that aims to critique society, social structures, and systems of power, and to foster egalitarian social change. Social learning theory is a theory that attempts to explain socialization and its effect on the development of the self. Game theory is a theory of social interaction, which attempts to explain the interaction people have with one another. As the name of the theory suggests, game theory sees human interaction as just that: a game. Sociobiology is the application of evolutionary theory to social behavior. 

Social exchange theory interprets society as a series of interactions that are based on estimates of rewards and punishments. Chaos theory is a field of study in mathematics it has applications in several disciplines, including sociology and other social sciences. In the social sciences, chaos theory is the study of complex nonlinear systems of social complexity. 

Keywords: [“theory”,”social”,”society”]
Source: https://www.thoughtco.com/sociology-research-and-statistics-s2-3026650

Politically Incorrect: War, slaughter, and patriarchy should have ended in the cradle.

Before the Armory came into being, I was publishing Notes on my Facebook profile which I called political grenades, weapons to be wielded in the war for animal rights. In addition to regular articles, the Armory has begun publishing Politically Incorrect, an ongoing, daily stream of grenades that I hope will be shared extensively. Most will be provocative, all will be irreverent, many seditious, and each will be designed to hit people upside the head. The purpose of the Armory is to challenge people to think, to question what they believe, to weigh what they value. Its mission is to radicalize the animal movement and to advocate for socialist revolution. 

If you are a comrade you owe it to the animals to share the Armory far and wide. I am unaware of any other blog with the Armory’s mission of radicalizing the animal movement. If you know of other blogs dedicated to animal rights and the defeat of capitalism, please comment with a link. Be sure to follow the Armory and share it with your Facebook friends and email contacts, as well as on Twitter, Google, and all other social media platforms. Natasha Sainsbury, of Good Karma Graphic Design, has joined Armory of the Revolution as Editor, and is responsible for the transformation of the blog’s appearance. 

If you are not already subscribed to the Armory, please do so before you leave. Be sure to visit Armory of the Revolution’s new commissary and bookstore: The Supply Depot. You will find recommended reading on Animal Rights, revolutionary theory, politics, economics, religion, science, and atheism. 

Keywords: [“Armory”,”animal”,”right”]
Source: https://armoryoftherevolution.wordpress.com/2018/05/27/politically…

The Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary

Franklin didn’t patent any of his inventions or scientific discoveries, since he believed that everyone should be able to freely benefit from scientific progress. Despite his later fame as a scientist and diplomat, Franklin actually thought of himself first and foremost as a printer, all the way up to the end of his life. Printing is an industry with high capitalization costs, so Franklin needed support to get set up on his own. In his autobiography, Franklin noted that he often worked past 11pm to get a job done, and that if necessary, he would stay overnight to redo it. At the age of thirty, by which time his Pennsylvania Gazette was the most widely read newspaper in the colonies, Franklin campaigned to be made clerk of the Pennsylvania Assembly. 

Franklin took risks, but only very calculated risks. Franklin published all these types of material, but when his calculations convinced him that his investment in more daring ventures would be returned, he was prepared to take the risk. Franklin came up with solutions that turned potential problems into silver linings. Rather than risk one of his journeymen finding the backing to become a local competitor, Franklin came up with a basic franchising idea. Having tackled supply, Franklin moved on to distribution, spending years lobbying for the top post office job in the colonies. 

Franklin came up with America’s first political cartoon, and printed Pamela, the first novel published in the colonies. Franklin identified unmet demands, created an awareness of them, and then often stepped forward to fill them. 

Keywords: [“Franklin”,”print”,”way”]
Source: http://www.benfranklin300.org/etc_article_entrepreneur.htm

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 06-24-2018

Will Capitalism Ruin Other Planets After It Ruins Earth? – Collective Evolution

Monsanto published a study a few years ago which purported to demonstrate the effects of GMO maize on rats over a 90 day period. Given the fact that there are no long term studies examining the health risks associated with GMOs, independent researchers then decided to conduct the same study, with one difference: Their study lasted over a year rather than a mere three months. The study was published in November of 2012, in the Journal of Food and Chemical Toxicology, and then instantly retracted. The study was then re-published in multiple peer-reviewed scientific journals, like Environmental Sciences Europe. Another study published in the British Medical Journal by researchers at the Nordic Cochrane Center in Copenhagen showed that pharmaceutical companies were not disclosing all information regarding the results of their drug trials. 

Researchers looked at documents from 70 different double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors and found that the full extent of serious harm in clinical study reports went unreported. It’s offered to anybody, including journalists and scientists, who can provide a study showing that it is safe to inject mercury into babies. Dr. William Thompson, a longtime senior CDC scientist, published some of the most commonly cited pro-vaccine studies, which showed that there was absolutely no link between the MMR vaccine and autism. A study with revised information and no data omitted was published by Dr. 

Brian Hooker in the peer reviewed journal Translational Neurodegeneration, and it found a 340% increased risk of autism in African American boys receiving the Measles-mumps-rubella vaccine. The study has since been retracted, around the same time this controversy arose. You can read the full study here unsurprisingly, it has since been retracted. A great example is the corporate takeover of science, as discussed in this article, but another one could be the Snowden Leaks on mass surveillance, or 9/11. Studies are now being published by physicists and engineers regarding that event. 

Keywords: [“study”,”publish”,”science”]
Source: http://www.collective-evolution.com/2017/06/21/will-capitalism-ruin-other…

Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr. was an American Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1954 through 1968. Martin Luther King Jr. Day was established as a holiday in numerous cities and states beginning in 1971, and as a U.S. federal holiday in 1986. 

King’s legal name at birth was Michael King, and his father was also born Michael King, but the elder King changed both his and his son’s names around 1934. King was a middle child, between an older sister, Christine King Farris, and a younger brother, A.D. King. The same year that Martin Luther King was assassinated, she established the King Center in Atlanta, Georgia, dedicated to preserving his legacy and the work of championing nonviolent conflict resolution and tolerance worldwide. I’d like somebody to mention that day that Martin Luther King Jr. 

tried to give his life serving others. I’d like for somebody to say that day that Martin Luther King Jr. tried to love somebody. Observed for the first time on January 20, 1986, it is called Martin Luther King Jr. Day. 

On January 17, 2000, for the first time, Martin Luther King Jr. Day was officially observed in all fifty U.S. states. In the United Kingdom, The Northumbria and Newcastle Universities Martin Luther King Peace Committee exists to honor King’s legacy, as represented by his final visit to the UK to receive an honorary degree from Newcastle University in 1967. The Peace Committee operates out of the chaplaincies of the city’s two universities, Northumbria and Newcastle, both of which remain centres for the study of Martin Luther King and the US civil rights movement. 

In turn, both Gandhi and Martin Luther King had read Tolstoy, and King, Gandhi and Tolstoy had been strongly influenced by Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount. 

Keywords: [“King”,”right”,”civil”]
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martin_Luther_King,_Jr.

The Christian Science Monitor Daily for March 28, 2018

After more than a month of Syrian government and Russian bombardment that has claimed 1,700 lives and seen the loss of 90 percent of the last rebel enclave in the suburbs east of Damascus, the residents of eastern Ghouta have only three stark choices. The evacuations started last week and gained momentum, with more than 101 buses leaving early Tuesday for Syrian rebel-held territory near the border with Turkey. All felt they would not be safe or at ease living in an area controlled by the Syrian regime. The Damascus suburb served as a launching pad for rebel attacks on the Syrian capital. One of the major Syrian rebel groups in the area, Failak al-Rahman, an Islamist group that has taken part in UN-sponsored peace talks in Geneva, agreed to evacuate last Friday. 

Russian and Syrian forces launched a full-scale assault on eastern Ghouta Feb. 18, dividing and defeating one rebel pocket after the other despite the UN cease-fire. As part of the deal, thousands of Syrian opposition fighters and their families, as well as civilians, have been heading to Idlib, a province in the north and the largest remaining area outside government control. He fears Idlib, the main recipient of various vanquished elements of the Syrian armed opposition, will suffer a fate as brutal or worse than eastern Ghouta. Reflecting the climate of fear synonymous with the Syrian regime even before the war, both shunned communications for days after their arrival and felt ill at ease to report much beyond their immediate survival. Syrian state TV estimates that more than 110,000 people have been absorbed into regime-held areas. 

A video circulating on YouTube showed a Syrian government minister handing out water to thirsty crowds only after they chanted pro-regime slogans. Syrian troop movements suggest a fresh onslaught is in the cards in the absence of a deal. 

Keywords: [“Syrian”,”leave”,”more”]
Source: https://www.csmonitor.com/Daily/2018/20180328

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 05-23-2018

Are the Poor More Compassionate?

GREG GUTFELD, CO-HOST: So, according to a new study, the poor are more compassionate than the un-poor. I guess by this logic, we should re-elect President Obama because we now have more poor people than ever, and that could only be good because they’re good. The culture of compassion doesn’t explain why a lot of crime is poor on poor. Forty-four million people are on food stamps right now. A lot more great people under the Obama administration. 

MARSHALL: Well, you can, but obviously, you can’t – obviously according to the study from Berkeley, because the poor people don’t have the money. Rich people have money and I think we’re going to get -. The people who give money, I’m guessing a lot of them are rich. Every time that the left – sorry, Leslie – but the left gets the right to sit around and talk about who is better, rich people or poor people. Poor people identify with people who are poor, down and out because they are poor, they have been poor. 

The very liberal people, 1.2 percent of their income. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The people that can least afford these shoes are buying these shoes. 

Keywords: [“people”,”poor”,”more”]
Source: http://www.foxnews.com/transcript/2011/12/29/are-poor-more-compassionate.html

Jesse Norman

Free Download. Reflections on the Revolution in France and other writings. Free Download. Mistress of all she surveyed. 2 of the authorised biography of Margaret Thatcher, by Charles Moore. By Jesse Norman with introduction, translation and notes by Paul Ortúzar Madrid. 

Free Download. Not work, but always love. Essay/review for New Statesman on the life and thought of Michael Oakeshott. Why Conservatives should support, not oppose, the Human Rights Act-and what the real problem is about human rights inflation. A full analysis of the crony capitalism of the past decade-and how and why we must address it. 

In this short paper, Jesse Norman MP argues that Britain needs to return to real capitalism after more than a decade of crony capitalism. Michael Oakeshott was, it has been said, ‘the greatest political philosopher in the Anglo-Saxon tradition since Mill – or even Burke’. He is best-known for his distinction between ‘civil’ and ‘enterprise’ association, for his attack on rationalism in politics, his philosophy of history and his characterisation of the rule of law. 

Keywords: [“capitalism”,”Free”,”Download.”]
Source: http://www.jessenorman.com/books.html

Win a FREE SUMMIT TICKET or a collection of four books on mindful leadership and mindfulness at work. Everyone who LIKES our Facebo…ok page between now and this coming Monday, December 4 at 5pm PT will be entered in a drawing to win four insightful books on mindful leadership and mindfulness at work. We’re also giving away one GRAND PRIZE: a free ticket to your choice of Summits. To be eligible for the grand prize, please like our page and share this post, ALONG WITH A MESSAGE. The winner gets a free ticket to their choice of either the Mindful Workplace Summit or Mindful Leadership Summit at 1440 Multiversity in April. 

You’ll join hundreds of leaders from around the world. Winners will be randomly drawn Monday night, and we’ll announce who’s getting the prizes on Tuesday, December 5. If you’ve already purchased a Summit ticket and you win, you’ll receive a refund. Everyone who likes our page, or likes it and shares WITH A MESSAGE by 5pm PT on Monday, December 5, will be AUTOMATICALLY ENTERED into the drawing. Thanks a lot for helping us launch our Facebook page! 

Keywords: [“Win”,”SUMMIT”,”page”]
Source: https://www.facebook.com/CompassionateCapitalism

Compassionate Capitalism Archives

Pay attention to the soul of your business or you might miss incredible opportunities. Business is the most pervasive and influential force on the planet today. Its activities transcend national and international borders. Its activities are not unduly constrained by financial, political, cultural, ethnic, or religious concerns. The net of this is that business, as a prevalent and important force, has a moral responsibility to guide, enhance, value, and nourish the existence of all that it encounters. 

In the world today, the absolute opposite of this occurs. Business today seldom assesses the efficacy of its activities through the lens of anything but profit. Traditional capitalism forgets an important variable, that of happiness. The true purpose of business is to uplift the experience of existing. It is not to produce ever-cheaper goods and services. 

Compassionate capitalism is an economic system meant to make a lot of money, help a lot of people, and have a lot of fun. It is not to keep an avaricious and toxic economic model afloat and it is certainly not to make a profit. 

Keywords: [“Business”,”lot”,”activities”]
Source: http://ivanmisner.com/tag/compassionate-capitalism

Socialism is NOT Compassionate & Why This Should Matter to Christians

Christians should care about politics because, ultimately, we care about people. Government has an increasingly large influence on the lives of people, thus we cannot ignore politics. What we encounter in discussing societal issues today with Christians is that many think socialism is good. Socialism is government mandated activities or government control of assets. When the government redistributes wealth it even hurts the people it is trying to help! 

Every time the government gets involved in something, in the long run it hurts the economy. Socialism reduces the incentive to innovate and produce. Rights are God-given to personhood rather than something conferred by government. America’s Declaration of Independence explains that liberty-that is, freedom from government interference-is also a right. So liberals who say that something like government health care is a right in fact have it backwards. 

Government interference into health care tramples on liberty and thus tramples on our rights! We are not arguing that government has no role to play in society. 

Keywords: [“Government”,”right”,”people”]
Source: http://www.faithfacts.org/blog/socialism-is-not-compassionate

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 05-15-2018

Social justice

In the current global grassroots movements for social justice, the emphasis has been on the breaking of barriers for social mobility, the creation of safety nets and economic justice. Social justice is invoked today while reinterpreting historical figures such as Bartolomé de las Casas, in philosophical debates about differences among human beings, in efforts for gender, racial and social equality, for advocating justice for migrants, prisoners, the environment, and the physically and mentally disabled. Thomas Pogge’s arguments pertain to a standard of social justice that creates human rights deficits. From its founding, Methodism was a Christian social justice movement. The Pope advocated that the role of the State was to promote social justice through the protection of rights, while the Church must speak out on social issues in order to teach correct social principles and ensure class harmony. 

The encyclical Quadragesimo anno of 1931 by Pope Pius XI, encourages a living wage, subsidiarity, and advocates that social justice is a personal virtue as well as an attribute of the social order, saying that society can be just only if individuals and institutions are just. It said that the laity has the specific responsibility of pursuing social justice in civil society and that the church’s active role in social justice should be to inform the debate, using reason and natural law, and also by providing moral and spiritual formation for those involved in politics. The official Catholic doctrine on social justice can be found in the book Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, published in 2004 and updated in 2006, by the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax. On the other hand, some scholars reject the very idea of social justice as meaningless, religious, self-contradictory, and ideological, believing that to realize any degree of social justice is unfeasible, and that the attempt to do so must destroy all liberty. Sociologist Carl L. 

Bankston has argued that a secular, leftist view of social justice entails viewing the redistribution of goods and resources as based on the rights of disadvantaged categories of people, rather than on compassion or national interest. Social justice is also a concept that is used to describe the movement towards a socially just world, e.g., the Global Justice Movement. Integrating social justice with health inherently reflects the social determinants of health model without discounting the role of the bio-medical model. 

Keywords: [“Social”,”justice”,”right”]
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_justice

Biography, Presidency, & Facts

Michelle Bachelet, in full Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria,, Chilean politician who served as president of Chile. Bachelet, then a medical student at the University of Chile, was arrested and sent to a secret prison, where she also was tortured. Although Bachelet’s family history made it difficult for her to find employment in Pinochet’s Chile, eventually she joined a medical clinic that treated victims of torture. In 2000 Ricardo Lagos, the candidate of the Coalition of Parties for Democracy, a group of centre and centre-left parties, was inaugurated as Chile’s first socialist president since Salvador Allende in 1973, and Bachelet was appointed health minister. Largely as a result of those successes, Bachelet found herself among the most popular presidents in Chilean history; however, the constitution prevented her from serving a consecutive term. 

In December Bachelet won the runoff decisively to become the first two-time president of Chile since the end of Pinochet’s rule. The common thread in those reforms was Bachelet’s belief that the free-market approach, when applied to social policy, had resulted in very uneven societal benefits and in the persistence of gaping income inequalities-even while Chile’s income per capita had risen from $4,400 in 1990 to almost $22,000 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Bachelet’s administration moved ahead rapidly, introducing dozens of bills, including a tax-reform bill, enacted in September, that increased the corporate tax rate from 20 percent to 27 percent and eliminated a large tax loophole, the so-called FUT, used by wealthy Chilean stockholders to shield corporate income from taxation. Much of the anticipated increase in tax earnings was earmarked to finance Bachelet’s education-reform bill, which included state subsidies to make public higher education free for the poorest 70 percent of Chileans, along with encouraging the creation of more public universities in lieu of private for-profit schools. In 2016, responding to widespread popular protest, Bachelet proposed that Chile’s privately administered pension system be overhauled. 

A commission created by Bachelet reported that some 44 percent of pensioners were living below the poverty level during the period 2007-14. Bachelet’s proposal called for a 5 percent increase in pension payments and for an infusion of about $1.5 billion in state funds into the system, along with an increase in employer contributions. 

Keywords: [“Bachelet”,”Chile”,”president”]
Source: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Michelle-Bachelet

The Time Machine Themes

As the Time Traveler theorizes, the working class has been pushed underground for so long that it has evolved into a distinct, nocturnal species. Wells tells his Victorian audience to look at its own time, in which the industrial revolution has further divided the classes, and consider the possibility of its turning into the Eloi if capitalism continues to run rampant. One of the major social theories of the late 19th-century adapted Charles Darwin’s theories on evolution to justify 19th-century social stratification between the rich and poor. Social Darwinism ignored this idea and contended that the social environment was much like the cutthroat natural environment, and that those who succeeded were biologically destined to do so and to continue in their march to human perfection. The Time Traveler soon discovers that the advancements of civilization have enfeebled the Eloi; without any pressing requirements for survival, they have become weak, lazy, and stupid. 

While their civilization has seemingly become perfect, they have become decidedly imperfect. The changing environment may not always produce desirable changes in man, and Social Darwinism’s argument that those who succeed in a given environment are naturally superior is not valid. The concept of entropy states that systems tend toward disorder and loss of energy over time, an idea many perceive as contradictory to evolution, since evolution implies that systems grow more ordered in their complexity over time. Ultimately, Wells’s championing of entropy forms his argument against the existence of Social Darwinism; rather than becoming more perfect, we are gradually losing our energy. The White Sphinx is a curious landmark in 802,701 AD. 

The Morlocks stow the Time Machine inside its enclosed bronze pedestal, so it becomes a symbolic and literal barrier for the Time Traveler, much as the sphinx blocked the entrance for the Greek hero Oedipus. The sphinx has a direct relationship to the Time Traveler’s plight; a symbol of futurity and of man’s submission to God, the Egyptian Sphinx faces the rising sun god Ra each day in worship. The TT, on the other hand, must in some ways defy God by embracing rational science as he gains mastery over time, and he must also break into the sphinx to escape from the future and go back in time. 

Keywords: [“Time”,”social”,”environment”]
Source: https://www.gradesaver.com/the-time-machine/study-guide/themes

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 04-27-2018

The United Airlines Debacle and the Morality of Capitalism

The video of the United Airlines passenger who was recently dragged out of his seat screaming from an overbooked flight was seen around the world. The debate has centered around the practice of overbooking seats in the industry and the legal responses of airlines. Here is why United Airlines kicking off and countenancing the assault of a paying customer is a big deal: It helps to reveal how corporate America often puts rules before people and how capitalism often places profits before human dignity. Overbooking is a device that most airlines use to maximize their profits. A customer’s inconvenience is subordinated to profits. 

This is because the goal of the corporation is not to reduce the price of tickets and provide savings for customers, but to maximize profits for shareholders. If corporate rules and the laws of capitalism lead to this, then they are unjust rules and laws. Those rules said this: First, we may sometimes overbook because we want to maximize our profits. The same economic calculus that says profits are the most important metric in decision-making leads to victims being dragged along the floor of an airplane and eking out an existence on the floor of a hovel in the slums of Nairobi. The privileging of profits over people leads to unjust wages, poor working conditions, the degradation of the environment and assaults on human dignity. 

As long as profits are seen to be the only measure of success, employees will subordinate everything – including compassion – to that goal. Some companies and managers may be too blinded by the pursuit of profit to behave compassionately. 

Keywords: [“profit”,”employee”,”airline”]
Source: http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/the-united-airlines-debacle…

The rise of state capitalism

These are all monuments to the rise of a new kind of hybrid corporation, backed by the state but behaving like a private-sector multinational. State-directed capitalism is not a new idea: witness the East India Company. In 2009 China Mobile and another state giant, China National Petroleum Corporation, made profits of $33 billion-more than China’s 500 most profitable private companies combined. State giants soak up capital and talent that might have been used better by private companies. State companies are good at copying others, partly because they can use the government’s clout to get hold of their technology; but as they have to produce ideas of their own they will become less competitive. 

State capitalism works well only when directed by a competent state. Everywhere state capitalism favours well-connected insiders over innovative outsiders. Thus the model produces cronyism, inequality and eventually discontent-as the Mubaraks’ brand of state capitalism did in Egypt. Rising powers have always used the state to kick-start growth: think of Japan and South Korea in the 1950s or Germany in the 1870s or even the United States after the war of independence. For emerging countries wanting to make their mark on the world, state capitalism has an obvious appeal. 

Both for their own sake, and in the interests of world trade, the practitioners of state capitalism need to start unwinding their huge holdings in favoured companies and handing them over to private investors. If these companies are as good as they boast they are, then they no longer need the crutch of state support. 

Keywords: [“company”,”state”,”government”]
Source: https://www.economist.com/node/21543160

The Pope and Poverty

Pope Francis has come to the United States, bringing with him more criticism of capitalism than a Bernie Sanders rally. The pope’s emphasis on the needs of the poor is important, especially in today’s politics, where poverty is often a public-policy sideline. In calling attention to the problem, he fails to understand that free-market capitalism is not a cause of poverty, but a solution. In 1980, less than 1 percent of Argentinians lived in extreme poverty, while in neighboring Chile, the extreme-poverty rate exceeded 15 percent. Today, while the proportion of Argentinians living in extreme poverty has risen slightly, to nearly 3 percent, Chile has seen the most dramatic reduction in poverty in Latin America. 

Fewer than 2 percent of Chileans now live in extreme poverty. The reality is that free-market capitalism has done more to help the poor than any other force in history. Consider that in the last 20 years, as much of the world has embraced free markets, more than a billion people have been lifted out of poverty, while the number of people worldwide living on less than $2 per day has been cut in half. In China alone, even the partial adoption of a market-oriented economy has saved more than 650 million people from poverty. Almost 84 percent of Chinese lived in extreme poverty in 1987. 

Throughout most of human history, most of mankind lived in truly abject poverty. Given the remarkable compassion that this pope has shown on so many subjects, it would be a bitter irony indeed if his ill-informed critique of capitalism condemned more people to a life of poverty. 

Keywords: [“poverty”,”capitalism”,”percent”]
Source: https://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/pope-poverty

Mass shootings and the moral hazard of capitalism – People’s World

A body is covered with a sheet after the mass shooting in Las Vegas, Sunday, Oct. 1. To the injured, we send our best wishes for a quick recovery. To deliberately take, or attempt to take, a human life is a grievous thing. Once again, with our hands raised in mourning and our heads bowed in grief and introspection, we ask how and why such a thing can happen. To answer that question, we do not need to know what particular loathsome whispers and poisonous thoughts introduced finger to trigger, and bullets to innocent flesh. 

It is enough to look ourselves, and our society, squarely in the face. It happens because we learn more from bad examples than from good advice, and because we live in a society where life is cheaply held. Only this: that under capitalism, the decision to protect life or take it, to inflict suffering or to relieve it, is an individual decision about the use of property, to be made without the interference of the state. In the law, the concept of ‘moral hazard’ designates the danger of bad examples, the idea that allowing someone to get away with something sets a precedent for harmful behavior. The epidemic of mass shootings is evidence that we have disregarded the moral hazard of capitalism. 

We have rubbed for so long against this perverse and inhuman system that the distinction between citizen and executioner, between order and violence, has been worn away. Teaching love, and tolerance, and respect is good. 

Keywords: [“right”,”life”,”shoot”]
Source: http://www.peoplesworld.org/article/mass-shootings-and-the-moral-hazard…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 04-24-2018

LSE Business Review – Compassionate capitalism: Lessons from medieval Cambridge

Using recently discovered documents on medieval Cambridge we have investigated how money was made through property speculation and how the profits of successful speculation were spent. Property markets developed in medieval England when burgage plots were laid out in new or expanding towns by local landowners, with the king’s permission. Property was a desirable asset in medieval Cambridge, much as it is today! Medieval speculators invested in a variety of properties. Property hot-spots with high-rents can be identified in three parts of medieval Cambridge: at the road junction by the Hospital; west of the market; and near the river just south of the Hospital. 

Map of medieval Cambridge showing property hotspots. Cambridge was home to several families who had acquired property through the military service of their Norman ancestors, including the Dunning family who owned 12 plots in 1279. Profits from the property market were recycled back into the community through donations to religious houses, hospitals and churches. Compassionate capitalism involved high levels of charitable giving to hospitals, monasteries, churches and colleges which helped disseminate the economic benefits of the ‘winners’ of the commercial revolution. The post gives the views of its authors, not the position of LSE Business Review or the London School of Economics. 

She is a medieval historian by training and her publications include a co-authored book with Mark Casson on The Entrepreneur in History: From Medieval Merchant to Modern Business Leader – Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan – and articles in Urban History, Business History and the Economic History Review. John Lee is a Research Associate at the Centre for Medieval Studies at the University of York. Katie Phillips is an Arts and Humanities Research Council-funded PhD student in Medieval Studies at the University of Reading. 

Keywords: [“property”,”medieval”,”Hospital”]
Source: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/businessreview/2017/06/05/compassionate-capitalism…

Capitalism, Corporatism, Free Markets

At some point, a collective decision was made that the unions should be given such expanded powers that they could destroy the company if they wanted. The union doesn’t profit from increasing profits and building a healthy company, it profits from building an overstaffed company that exists to benefit its employees. The union would have been better served if it divvied up the right to collect a union payout from GM among the workers of the time and let them sell the claims. What would have been much more honest and worked better would have been outright nationalization of GM when the rules were set up that the UAW could destroy the company. The toxin in this case may be a lot of things but it is an abomination to a free market, and it has destroyed the American auto industry. 

Far from vanishing, many of GM’s assets would be quickly purchased by competent foreign automakers eager to expand their capacity in what is the world’s largest auto market. Happily, the list of well-run car companies, from Toyota to Nissan to Porsche, is long. If GM is going to get federal money, it should go toward buyouts of long-term employees, and then let the market work to redeploy its assets toward more useful purposes than maintaining an expensive company-town welfare state, that makes cars on the side. Matt Welch says to the barricades to defend free markets. As Jonah says, markets are more than this information delivery system. 

Liberty demands property rights which demand free markets. In the fifties he tried door-to-door in Lansing after moving to Michigan with his upper Midwest bride, but when he got an offer at A.C. Spark Plug in her home town he took it, and settled into a middle-class lifestyle, during the best years of the company, in which he raised his family. 

Keywords: [“company”,”market”,”right”]
Source: http://www.transterrestrial.com/archives/2008/11/capitalism_corp.html

Get Ready: Pope’s Arrival Will Commence a Week of Trashing Capitalism

RUSH: The pope, Pope Francis, took off from Cuba within the last, what was it, half hour. What’s really remarkable is that Obama and Moochelle are going to be there to greet the pope as he descends the stairs. Thomas Sowell has a column today about the pope and his arrival, but primary it’s about the pope’s message. Of course the pope believes that we’ve all done a rotten, horrible job of it, and that governments need to get bigger and they need to become populated with more and more compassionate people to find ways to get rid of poverty. The message of this pope and every other leftist in the world is that prosperity is causing poverty. 

That’s why we need a great compassionate person like Obama or the pope to make sure that the pieces of the pie are not extraordinarily large for the undeserving and microscopically small for the truly deserving. He does not hold a single belief when it comes to such things as contraception, abortion, you name it, with the Catholic Church or with the pope. We’ve already read that Obama plans to hide the advancement of his agenda behind the pope. In the process make it look like this pope is abandoning his own church in favor of the liberal church. If the pope comes along and all of a sudden supports amnesty, which the pope is going to do. 

I’ll just tell you, I read that the church needs – it might have been the Washington Post or it might have been the New York Times, I forget the news publication it was, but it said that the church, the pope is interested in immigration and amnesty and immigrants because they need to fill the pews, just like the Democrats need voters. The reason the Catholic Church, the pope is supporting our amnesty, immigration, is a desire to restock, if you will, the pews. 

Keywords: [“pope”,”That's”,”Church”]
Source: https://www.rushlimbaugh.com/daily/2015/09/22/get_ready_pope_s…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 04-21-2018

Is Capitalism Undemocratic?

If we as a society agree that every American has a right to free healthcare, free education, free water, or free things of any kind, that means we are agreeing to a situation in which value is unilaterally shifted from one position within our economy to another without a reciprocal exchange of value in return. Thus, rights cost something; and whenever there is a cost for a thing, there is a negotiation over the allocation of finite resources and who should bear the cost of that thing. His claim implies that the allocation of finite resources within a private company is subject to the rights of the proletariat, but as we’ve discussed already, such a right cannot exist unless it comes from a divine creator or some social contract. Workers cannot depend on an inviolable reservoir of rights. The only logically and philosophically consistent response to Marx’s central claim about the undemocratic nature of Capitalism is to say that nobody deserves anything at any time until and unless they prove that they can deliver enough value to somebody who has some other kind of value they wish to obtain. 

Unless somebody else is willing to enter into an exchange of value, the only means of obtaining value from some person or organization is through cooperation or brute force. If we take the path of brute force, the value creation process within society rapidly breaks down and everybody loses. There is only voluntary cooperation or brute force; rights do not exist except in the desires and dreams of the human mind. Crony Capitalism is the Culprit, Not a Deficiency of Rights. This chain of transactions amounts to an integrated value creation and distribution system that is neither democratic nor plutocratic. 

It can be depressing to analyze the origins of our personal values, societal norms, and human nature because an honest analysis usually takes us to conclusions that are uncomfortable. Thus, every businessperson, politician, and citizen has rational reasons to develop their ability to empathize and feel compassion for others if they want to contribute meaningful value to society and build successful organizations. 

Keywords: [“value”,”Right”,”economy”]
Source: https://eanfar.org/is-capitalism-undemocratic

Bleeding Heart Libertarians

Thanks to the folks at Bleeding Heart Libertarians for inviting me to blog here about my new e-book Human Capitalism: How Economic Growth Has Made Us Smarter – and More Unequal. With any luck I’ll motivate one or more BHL regulars to weigh in. The richer and more advanced a country’s economy grows, the more complex that economy becomes: more and more knowledge and know-how are distributed throughout the system, and the division of labor grows ever more specialized and intricate. Back in 1900 almost 80 percent of working Americans were farmers, manual laborers, or domestic servants; today, some 60 percent work in white-collar office jobs. When I say we’re getting smarter, what I really mean is we are becoming more fluent in highly abstract ways of thinking. 

So good – but alas there’s more to the story. The elite occupations that require analytical sophistication, strong people skills, high motivation, and meticulous planning will generally be filled by the people most flush with those skills, which they will hone even further over the course of their working lives. These elite workers will naturally tend to pass those skills along to their children – through their own parenting in the home, and through the influence of the communities in which they congregate. Once upon a time, when the world was much simpler, there were more people with the requisite skills to handle elite occupations than the number of elite slots. This period -the middle decades of the twentieth century – was one of declining class differences, as the descendants of the Great Migration from the turn of the century now found the paths of upward mobility more open than ever before. 

My policy proposals are an eclectic mix, and while I think they all push in the right direction, one stands out in my mind as a potential game changer: structural reform of K-12 education to allow more competition among schools for students. Elite kids start school with big advantages in cognitive skills, and those advantages continue to widen during the primary and secondary school years. 

Keywords: [“More”,”skills”,”percent”]
Source: http://bleedingheartlibertarians.com/2012/10/human-capitalism

Faux compassion is only worsening homeless crisis – Orange County Register

For years California voters have been nothing but compassionate towards the state’s homeless population, repeatedly voting to tax ourselves to provide more resources for affordable housing, mental health services, public transportation and addiction treatment facilities. In return, we’ve lost control of park space, rivers, public transit systems, downtown commercial hubs, and even residential neighborhoods. Politicians, advocates for the homeless and the courts have to understand that compassion is a two-way street. They want you to shut up, keep paying your rising tax bill and check your privilege. I for one have had it with their faux compassion and moral superiority. 

It’s time that they take responsibility for the trainwreck that they and their disastrous policies created. It’s not compassionate to allow addicts and the mentally ill to live life on the streets, and it’s not compassionate to expect the public to deal with the dangerous situations this creates. Over the last six years the number of those living in the streets and shelters of the city of Los Angeles and most of the county surged 75 percent. If you take out Los Angeles, national homelessness would have dropped last year for the first time since the recession, proving that the homeless crisis is either just a California problem – or that we’re attracting them from other parts of the nation. After it was determined that December’s Skirball Fire, which destroyed six homes and damaged a dozen others in the process, was started by a fire at a homeless encampment in nearby brush, the Los Angeles Fire Department conducted a study which found nearly 200 similar encampments pose a high fire risk to their surrounding communities. 

In the Koreatown neighborhood of Los Angeles, a 41-year-old transient was arrested Tuesday afternoon for sucker punching an 85-year-old grandma for no reason, leaving her with horrific injuries to her head and face. In Van Nuys, a transient was arrested after he was caught breaking into a home, watching pornography and masturbating. 

Keywords: [“transient”,”year”,”want”]
Source: https://www.ocregister.com/2018/02/14/faux-compassion-is-only…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 03-19-2018

Compassionate Activism

In our new age, Earth and Human are entangled irrevocably together. The term – which appears to have been used by Russian scientists as early as the 1960s to refer to the Quaternary, the most recent geological Period – was coined with a different sense in the 1980s by ecologist Eugene F. Stoermer and has been widely popularized by atmospheric chemist, Paul Crutzen, who regards the influence of human behaviour on the Earth’s atmosphere in recent centuries as so significant as to constitute a new geological epoch for its lithosphere. Human activity had to be at least tempered, rendered in the new jargon ‘sustainable’. A new mode of being human is required, one that is profoundly responsible for all it does, but must be profoundly attentive to the new agent stirring and moving all around us – the Earth itself. We have entered a world of inter-agency between the human and the non-human Earth. From once believing ourselves humans free upon a stable nature to do as we wish we find ourselves newly earth-bound, tied into the Earth itself, as part of it. The objectivity underlying the emergence of the Anthropocene does not nevertheless deliver us automatically into new modes of presence on the Earth, new forms of inter-species and human justice. If the Anthropocene serves as a new frame within which to view and construct social modes of presence then we must accept our collective responsibility for our human status as geological drivers of our planet. The new human subject is no longer in nature – they are nature. As social theorist Bruno Latour has said: ‘There is indeed a war for the definition and control of the Earth: a war that pits – to be a little dramatic – Humans living in the Holocene against Earthbound living in the Anthropocene’.

Keywords: [“human”,”new”,”Earth”]
Source: https://markgar.wordpress.com

compassion – States, Power, Emotion

As the film shows this is state enforced misery through inadequacy building exercises into the psyches of state recipients. As the experience of those seeking welfare shows, the rules for claiming state support are permanently in motion. The lower the state intervenes into the social fabric the more the ‘system’ becomes opaque without clear norms, values and rules. At the lowest levels of state activity we are more likely to glimpse bewilderment, dislocation and disruption in our lives rather than clearly discernible norms and rules in operation. There has always been an aspect of state power that has a post- or pre-disciplinary aspect – an order that is based on incalculability and the introduction of trauma. Wolfgang Sofsky called it ‘the order of terror’ and it is apparent to degrees in all modern states. Such displays of state power lack clear goals or meaning. The welfare benefits office is not Auschwitz but it is interesting how the same techniques of power based on the incomprehensibility of the rules and the forceful disorientation of the ruled come into play as tactics of power: the constant re-writing and redefining of who is ‘eligible’, ‘worthy’ and ‘deserving’ of state support; the slippery changes in language – ‘claimant’, ‘Jobseeker’, ‘unemployed’; the bewildering variety of ‘restart’ training exercises and the ever-present surveillance and repetitive intelligence-gathering exercises into the lives of those out of work. As the film attests to the misery and trauma built into state ‘support’ it also attests to the anger, integrity and compassion of Daniel and ‘family’ as they fight and live with state barbarism. It’s a call for a more, not less, emotional state – one based on compassion, empathy and trust.

Keywords: [“state”,”rule”,”welfare”]
Source: https://emotionalstates.wordpress.com/tag/compassion

The Capitalism Site

Capitalism is the moral ideal Capitalism is the moral social system as it leaves the individual free to be virtuous – to pursue the good – by acting by reason. Individualism regards the individual as a sovereign being Individualism is not opposed to one living in society as a trader; it is opposed to one living as a slave. The trader principle is the basis of all moral relationships Individualism is based on the principle of trading value for value for mutual benefit. Individual rights define one’s freedom of action in a social context All rights are rights to freedom of action: the right to those actions necessary to rationally support one’s life – so long as one does not violate the equal rights of others. Individual rights are the means of subordinating society to moral law. The initiation of physical force is the only way to violate rights The individual can only be stopped from acting rationally by the initiation of physical force. Government’s purpose is to protect individual rights Government’s job is to ban the initiation of physical force from all relationships, making all relationships voluntary. A free-market is an economic system based on individual rights A free-market bans physical force, fraud, and coercion from all economic relationships, resulting in voluntary cooperation between buyers and sellers, and peaceful competition between buyers and between sellers. Men trade their goods or services by mutual consent to mutual advantage, according to their own independent, uncoerced judgment. Capitalism is the system of progress; statism is the system of plunder The alleged failures of capitalism are actually caused by the success of statism.

Keywords: [“right”,”individual”,”force”]
Source: http://capitalism.org

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 01-31-2018

Compassionate Capitalist Cofee Break: Compassionate Capitalism breakdown Long

Who’s the Scrooge

Who’s the Scrooge This article was published in the Winter 1993-94 issue of Formulations by the Free Nation Foundation Who’s the Scrooge? Libertarians and Compassion by Roderick T. Long. “At this festive season of the year, Mr. Scrooge,” said the gentleman, taking up a pen, “It is more than usually desirable that we should make some slight provision for the poor and destitute, who suffer greatly at the present time. Many thousands are in want of common necessaries; hundreds of thousands are in want of common comforts, sir.” “Are there no prisons?” asked Scrooge. “Are they still in operation?” “They are. Still,” returned the gentleman, “I wish I could say they were not.” “The Treadmill and the Poor Law are in full vigour, then?” said Scrooge. “I’m very glad to hear it.” “Under the impression that they scarcely furnish Christian cheer of mind or body to the multitude,” returned the gentleman, “a few of us are endeavouring to raise a fund to buy the Poor some meat and drink, and means of warmth. We choose this time, because it is a time, of all others, when Want is keenly felt, and Abundance rejoices. What shall I put you down for?” “Nothing!” replied Scrooge. To many critics of libertarianism, the foregoing portrait of Scrooge perfectly captures the libertarian attitude to the poor: “I mind my own business; they should mind theirs. If they can’t support themselves, let them starve.” A libertarian may say with perfect consistency that generosity requires the rich to give to the poor while saying at the same time that justice requires the poor, or their advocates, to refrain from taking the property of the rich unless the rich consent. Critics of libertarianism and, all too often, libertarians themselves suppose that welfare rights are in the interest of the poor, and that libertarianism requires the poor to sacrifice that interest in the name of property rights. Are welfare rights in the interest of the poor? The poor need welfare, all right; but do they need welfare rights? A hungry person needs something to eat; and you can’t eat a right to food. In reality, the situation is exactly the reverse; it is the coercive system of enforced generosity that keeps the poor poor while the libertarian system of voluntary cooperation, without any welfare rights, is a welfare system more efficient and beneficent than any socialist’s dream. Private charity is simply more efficient than government welfare, because inefficient charities get bad publicity and lose donations to competing charities, while inefficient government programs collect their income by force, are not subject to the discipline of the market, and so waste most of their revenue on overhead. Not only would a higher percentage of the amount given for welfare purposes actually reach the poor in a libertarian welfare system, but the original amount itself would probably be higher too. So people would have more money to give to the poor, and more of the amount they gave would actually reach the poor. D.Who’s the Scrooge This article was published in the Winter 1993-94 issue of Formulations by the Free Nation Foundation Who’s the Scrooge? Libertarians and Compassion by Roderick T. Long.

Keywords: [“poor”,”libertarian”,”right”]
Source: http://www.freenation.org/a/f12l1.html

Debate: Capitalism vs socialism

Information on the causes and effects of capitalism’s need for profit to come first is scattered around this debate, but particularly relevant for the effects are the discussions on how capitalism fosters imperialism, how profit is made through exploitation, the relationship between capitalism, militarism and war, and on the destruction of the ecosystem. An excellent overview of exploitation in capitalism and its causes can be found here and more detail can be found in Historical Capitalism with Capitalist Civilization by Immanuel Wallerstein, and other more, detailed work, by Wallerstein. Capitalism places profits above moral judgement Michael Moore: “One of the most ironic things about capitalism is that the capitalist will sell you the rope to hang himself with. ” Capitalism is unequal riches; socialism is equal poverty As Franklin D. Roosevelt’s famous saying goes: “Capitalism is unequally divided riches while socialism is equally divided poverty. At the very simplest, profit in capitalism is made through the extraction of “surplus labour value” from the workers by the capitalists and through the subjugation and exploitation of people at the periphery of capitalism by those at the core in order to extract wealth from them. ” Con Capitalism divides people into classes By creating the vast earning inequalities capitalism divides people into classes whereby some people are born into more privileged positions than others. Capitalism only respects liberty of rich to stay rich Bertrand Russell: “Advocates of capitalism are very apt to appeal to the sacred principles of liberty, which are embodied in one maxim: The fortunate must not be restrained in the exercise of tyranny over the unfortunate. Explanations of how capitalism crushes human relations can be found in Life Inc. by Douglas Rushkoff and Parecon: Life After Capitalism by Michael Albert. Capitalism prevents meaningful cooperation (a brief explanation is given in the argument on Capitalism subverts community, solidarity, productivity. For the effects that capitalist competition has on society see the argument on In capitalism, profit is made through exploitation, the extended argument on capitalism fosters imperialism, exploitation and suffering and the argument that capitalism has a systemic bias against helping others – all give links for further reading. For more detailed information on the relationship between capitalism and ecocide see , How the Rich are Destroying the Earth by Herve Kemph, The Vulnerable Planet: A Short Economic History of the Environment and Ecology Against Capitalism by John Bellamy Foster, The Enemy of Nature: The End of Capitalism or the End of the World by Joel Kovel, chapters 3 and 4 of Economic Justice and Democracy by Robin Hahnel and The Modern Crisis and The Ecology of Freedom: The Emergence and Dissolution of Hierarchy by Murray Bookchin, as well as and , and for a concise source of information about the environmental catastrophe that we are facing see Little Earth Book by James Bruges. No matter what that means, the fact that capitalism is so unpopular despite endless propaganda, public relations campaigns, the internalised effects of advertising, and the way that people internalise their society) shows how deeply people are against capitalism.

Keywords: [“capitalism”,”people”,”socialism”]
Source: http://debatepedia.idebate.org/en/index.php/Debate:_Capitalism_vs_socialism