J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-12-2018

The Basics of Trickle-down Economics

­Now that we have an idea of how the idea came about, let’s try to put all the pieces together to understand trickle-down economics as a whole. Tax breaks improve tax revenues, and according to Laffer’s curve, they also boost production. Giving tax breaks to the wealthy stands as a policy meant to improve the overall health of the economy. Opponents of this economic theory tend to believe that politicians who support it are in the pockets of wealthy businessmen. They often summarize trickle-down economics to something resembling Will Rogers’ definition: The policy of giving breaks to the rich first and hoping the benefits will eventually make their way to the working classes. 

Proponents of trickle-down economics object to this evaluation, calling it not just an oversimplification but a misinterpretation of what they hypothesize will happen. Thomas Sowell, an ardent supporter of trickle-down theory, argues that the popular definition gets it backward. Instead of benefiting the wealthy first, the policy actually benefits the working class first. This may sound impossible – after all, it’s the wealthy who get the tax breaks, not the poor. These wealthy investors must pay workers, thus creating jobs, before they can expect to see any profits. 

It’s the workers who receive the most immediate relief. ­While it might­ be true that some wealthy members of society seek tax breaks for self-serving purposes and might even bribe politicians into voting for these policies, trickle-down economists would consider this irrelevant to the question of whether the theory works for everyone. 

Keywords: [“wealthy”,”trickle-down”,”work”]
Source: https://money.howstuffworks.com/trickle-down-economics3.htm

An Overview of Major Frameworks

Much of what we know about societies, relationships, and social behavior has emerged thanks to various sociology theories. Some theories have fallen out of favor, while others remain widely accepted, but all have contributed tremendously to our understanding of society, relationships, and social behavior. Updated by Nicki Lisa Cole, Ph.D. The symbolic interaction perspective, also called symbolic interactionism, is a major framework of ​sociology theory. Feminist theory is one of the major contemporary sociological theories, which analyzes the status of women and men in society with the purpose of using that knowledge to better women’s lives. 

Critical Theory is a type of theory that aims to critique society, social structures, and systems of power, and to foster egalitarian social change. Social learning theory is a theory that attempts to explain socialization and its effect on the development of the self. Game theory is a theory of social interaction, which attempts to explain the interaction people have with one another. As the name of the theory suggests, game theory sees human interaction as just that: a game. Sociobiology is the application of evolutionary theory to social behavior. 

Social exchange theory interprets society as a series of interactions that are based on estimates of rewards and punishments. Chaos theory is a field of study in mathematics it has applications in several disciplines, including sociology and other social sciences. In the social sciences, chaos theory is the study of complex nonlinear systems of social complexity. 

Keywords: [“theory”,”social”,”society”]
Source: https://www.thoughtco.com/sociology-research-and-statistics-s2-3026650

Politically Incorrect: War, slaughter, and patriarchy should have ended in the cradle.

Before the Armory came into being, I was publishing Notes on my Facebook profile which I called political grenades, weapons to be wielded in the war for animal rights. In addition to regular articles, the Armory has begun publishing Politically Incorrect, an ongoing, daily stream of grenades that I hope will be shared extensively. Most will be provocative, all will be irreverent, many seditious, and each will be designed to hit people upside the head. The purpose of the Armory is to challenge people to think, to question what they believe, to weigh what they value. Its mission is to radicalize the animal movement and to advocate for socialist revolution. 

If you are a comrade you owe it to the animals to share the Armory far and wide. I am unaware of any other blog with the Armory’s mission of radicalizing the animal movement. If you know of other blogs dedicated to animal rights and the defeat of capitalism, please comment with a link. Be sure to follow the Armory and share it with your Facebook friends and email contacts, as well as on Twitter, Google, and all other social media platforms. Natasha Sainsbury, of Good Karma Graphic Design, has joined Armory of the Revolution as Editor, and is responsible for the transformation of the blog’s appearance. 

If you are not already subscribed to the Armory, please do so before you leave. Be sure to visit Armory of the Revolution’s new commissary and bookstore: The Supply Depot. You will find recommended reading on Animal Rights, revolutionary theory, politics, economics, religion, science, and atheism. 

Keywords: [“Armory”,”animal”,”right”]
Source: https://armoryoftherevolution.wordpress.com/2018/05/27/politically…

The Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary

Franklin didn’t patent any of his inventions or scientific discoveries, since he believed that everyone should be able to freely benefit from scientific progress. Despite his later fame as a scientist and diplomat, Franklin actually thought of himself first and foremost as a printer, all the way up to the end of his life. Printing is an industry with high capitalization costs, so Franklin needed support to get set up on his own. In his autobiography, Franklin noted that he often worked past 11pm to get a job done, and that if necessary, he would stay overnight to redo it. At the age of thirty, by which time his Pennsylvania Gazette was the most widely read newspaper in the colonies, Franklin campaigned to be made clerk of the Pennsylvania Assembly. 

Franklin took risks, but only very calculated risks. Franklin published all these types of material, but when his calculations convinced him that his investment in more daring ventures would be returned, he was prepared to take the risk. Franklin came up with solutions that turned potential problems into silver linings. Rather than risk one of his journeymen finding the backing to become a local competitor, Franklin came up with a basic franchising idea. Having tackled supply, Franklin moved on to distribution, spending years lobbying for the top post office job in the colonies. 

Franklin came up with America’s first political cartoon, and printed Pamela, the first novel published in the colonies. Franklin identified unmet demands, created an awareness of them, and then often stepped forward to fill them. 

Keywords: [“Franklin”,”print”,”way”]
Source: http://www.benfranklin300.org/etc_article_entrepreneur.htm

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 07-17-2018

Why capitalism has become too gentle

Capitalism is not the problem

Most of them with few exceptions don’t know anything about how the Big Banks are tied to the MIC. Alas, the concept of the General Welfare is still not understood AT ALL. Bernie Sanders did a good job of corralling the thinking intellectuals on the left into Hillary ‘War Hawk’ Clinton’s slaughterhouse that countries like Haiti and Libya truly understand. Using abstractions like ‘Capitalism’, the left has been corralled into much, much worse by either well-meaning activists, or actual Imperial agents at the behest of the same bankers who got away with literally stealing entire countries’ money, lives and future, one after another after another over the last 120 years using the MIC to facilitate. For all the speculation about what is happening in Palestine, Yemen, Syria, Ukraine, what happened to Libya, for all those blaming today’s conflicts on religious differences or cultural conflicts, or the never-ending left and right ideological throw-down, friendship-ending, family-feud-starting arguments, I say all these are just distractions, because the bankers and MIC continue pillaging and killing without any resistance from you. 

Trump, today’s lead political aberration, has yet to make the right moves, despite his stated intention of passing the Glass Steagall bank separation act. Americans, Canadians, Europeans, Africans, Middle-Easterners, most of Asia and South Americans have been held hostage to the international money-laundering frauds controlled centrally by the City of London, Wall Street, the IMF and the World Bank with the MIC as their front line of offence. Capitalism abstractionism blames all privately-owned businesses, when it is in fact the Private Banking Industry which is the controlling mechanism that drives our destructive imperial and criminal war economy. The City of London is the worlds headquarters for the Private Banking Industry and Wall Street is their subsidiary. These private bankers have taken something very personal from the vast swaths of American, Canadian, European, African, South American, Middle-Eastern, Asian, and the former Soviet Union’s citizens; almost every nation on the planet has been affected by these very specific assholes for the last 100 years. 

If the U.S. were to institute bank separation now, the money, effort, and slavery to a criminal and war economy would effectively stop because the speculation of the City of London and Wall Street could no longer use YOUR hard work and savings to continue feeding their speculation and obscene profits. Resolution: Step #2. Once Glass Steagall were to be put into effect, say, through an EO by Trump, a National Bank would need to be re-instituted. Turn the abstractions into a proper form, Glass Steagall and National Banking, which begins the process of creating a new paradigm where narcissists get their just and proper treatment, where reciprocal relationships become the norm, not the exception. 

With any luck, after Glass Steagall and a National Bank are reinstated, the United States government and other narcissist victims/suppliers might just go back to the One-Party Republic-style representation it was supposed to be. 

Keywords: [“bank”,”relationship”,”economy”]
Source: https://thesaker.is/capitalism-is-not-the-problem

Discover the Networks

INTRODUCING GEORGE SOROS. New York hedge fund manager George Soros is one of the most politically powerful individuals on earth. Four years later, Soros and his assistant at Bleichroeder, Jim Rogers, set up a private partnership called Soros Fund Management. SOROS THE PHILANTHROPIST. It was in 1979 that Soros began testing the proverbial waters of philanthropy. 

In 1993 Soros established the flagship of the Soros foundation network-the New York City-based Open Society Foundations, which went by the name of the Open Society Institute until 2010. Entrusted with the task of defining the foregoing terms for the OSF, and for articulating OSF’s agendas from the outset, was Aryeh Neier, whom Soros appointed to serve as president not only of OSF, but of the entire Soros Foundation Network. In 2000 George Soros co-signed a letter to President Bill Clinton asking for a moratorium on the death penalty, on grounds that it tended to be implemented disproportionately against black and Hispanic offenders. SOROS MEETS THE CLINTONS. Around the time that George Soros initially launched his Manhattan-based Open Society Foundations, he established what would prove to be a warm and enduring relationship with Bill and Hillary Clinton, the new American President and First Lady. 

Manhattan-based child psychologist Gail Furman belongs to the Council on Foreign Relations and is a board member of Human Rights First and the Brennan Center for Justice-all organizations that receive funding from George Soros and OSF. Software entrepreneur Tim Gill is a major funder of gay-rights groups such as the Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network, which is also supported by Soros. Technology entrepreneur Davidi Gilo has given at least $17,600 to J Street, an organization that is consistently critical of Israel and has close ties to Soros. SOROS HELPS CREATE TWO NEW PRO-DEMOCRAT GROUPS. Just two months after the Democratic Party had won control of both houses of Congress in the November 2006 elections, George Soros and then-SEIU president Andrew Stern created Working For Us, a pro-Democrat PAC. 

This group does not look favorably upon Democratic centrists. Soros has been pouring money into local elections because he supports local efforts to resist U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement and wants to cripple police in order to advance the neo-Marxist abstraction known as social justice that simplistically breaks the world down into race, class, and sex or gender…. Soros wants prosecutors to empty prisons and coddle the prisoners who remain, scale back drug prosecutions, lower bail, and eliminate alleged racial disparities in sentencing, among other things. SOROS TRANSFERS $18 BILLION TO HIS FOUNDATIONS. 

In October 2017, it was reported that over the preceding few years, Soros had quietly transferred $18 billion of his $24.6 billion in personal assets to OSF, thereby making OSF the second-largest U.S.-based philanthropy. 

Keywords: [“Soros”,”Society”,”fund”]
Source: http://www.discoverthenetworks.org/individualProfile.asp?indid=977

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 06-25-2018

FFM: Compassionate Conservative

I am a Republican who has taken a sabbatical until my party gets back to being what George Bush called a compassionate conservative. This is one who believes in free enterprise, competition and having a strong government to control free markets. These conservatives also recognize there are some objectives of society that are better overseen by government rather than the private sector. My Republican party recognizes free markets purpose is to help meet the needs of society. Society is not here to meet the needs of free markets. 

Government has the responsibility of being a fair referee ensuring our markets are indeed free and not controlled by a few entities depriving society of the wonders of competition. Many conservatives today forgot what Milton and Rose Friedman in their book, Capitalism and Freedom, said of the role of government in a free society. These functions are generally those providing benefits to society as a whole including defense, basic research and development, preservation and optimal utilization of our natural resources including its people, education, care for the poor and needy, building and maintaining the countries infrastructure and of course the protection of free markets from corruption and unscrupulous behavior. Sometimes both parties lose their way and presently it is my party, the Republican Party, that has gotten too far off track and needs to take corrective action. The Democrats have also made blunders including their handling of health care reform. 

We needed health care reform but it went too far and the Democrats, and the country, are now paying the price of not allowing sufficient Republican input into the passage of the bill. 

Keywords: [“free”,”society”,”markets”]
Source: http://www.freeourfreemarkets.org/2013/04/compassionate-conservative.html

Op-Ed: Capitalism and spirituality, part two – The Stanford Daily

Sadhguru has a huge following in India and internationally. This language, with Sadhguru’s brilliance and humor, has made him an appealing guru around Silicon Valley. Four years ago I attended another public conversation with Sadhguru at Stanford. Having gotten a glimpse of his economic and social ideas at that time, I wasn’t surprised to hear that he is now teaming up with a leader in the private equity world to talk about the compatibility of capitalism and spirituality. Sadhguru presented what struck me as a troubling version of trickle-down spiritual economics. 

Sadhguru proposed that he would spiritually transform the billionaires, and they would solve the problems of inequality and suffering among those who are economically below them. I am sure that when Sadhguru teaches meditation, pranayama and yoga asanas along with inspiring wisdom and delightful humor, to millionaires, billionaires and rising tech workers and entrepreneurs, they will feel better about themselves and become more effective at what they do. Perhaps corporate leaders will buy more massage chairs and other instruments of well-being for their employees; perhaps they will make more donations to good causes. The 2000 leading Indians, or the 85 billionaires, will for the most part resist, threaten, lie to and attack them. Another disturbing aspect of Sadhguru’s talk was his allusion to transformation in India. 

Modi has positioned himself as the promoter of business and economic growth and as the strong leader India needs. Googling Sadhguru + Modi will bring up videos of Sadhguru meeting with or speaking highly of Modi. 

Keywords: [“Sadhguru”,”lead”,”Business”]
Source: https://www.stanforddaily.com/2018/04/19/op-ed-capitalism-and…

Integral to Compassionate Capitalism

Every CEO & Angel Investor needs to hear the insights Karen and Jim will discuss on this segment of the Compassionate Capitalist Radio Podcast. All of that is described in the book and Jim shares tactical and strategic plans for CEOs in his book, Igniting Purpose Driven Leadership, that can lead to sustainable and profitable growth by figuring out how to shift your team to abundance by unleashing their creativity. This is important for investors to understand as well because if the team is too focused on just one innovation, they risk stagnation a few years in to the project and hitting a plateau that will limit their ability to produce the return on investment you expect. About Jim Nevada: Jim is the CEO of the Nevada Group, which helps executives create a purpose-driven culture that attracts and keeps top talent, so they can experience rapid growth and higher profitability. Jim has extensive executive experience, including 20 years as Chief Financial Officer of publicly-traded and privately-held professional service firms, and served as President in one of the largest firms in the sector. 

He also has many years of experience in M&A, having worked on numerous transactions, including some of the largest deals in the sector. About Karen Rands: Karen has been working with entrepreneurs on growth and expansion strategies and access to capital for over 15 years. She has been active in the Angel Investor and Venture Capital community for over 10 years. Her best selling book, Inside Secrets to Angel Investing, is the foundation for the Compassionate Capitalist Movement. 

Keywords: [“years”,”Jim”,”Investor”]
Source: https://www.karenrands.co/igniting-purpose-driven-leadership…

10 Different Types of Libertarianism

The popular sci-fi novel Jennifer Government describes a system that is very close to anarcho-capitalist. Civil libertarians believe that the government should not pass laws that restrict, oppress, or selectively fail to protect people in their day-to-day lives. Civil libertarians may or may not also be fiscal libertarians. Classical liberals agree with the words of the Declaration of Independence: That all people have basic human rights, and that the sole legitimate function of government is to protect those rights. Fiscal libertarians believe in free trade, low taxes, and minimal corporate regulation. 

Most traditional Republicans are moderate fiscal libertarians. Geolibertarians are fiscal libertarians who believe that land can never be owned, but may be rented. Libertarian socialists agree with anarcho-capitalists that government is a monopoly and should be abolished, but they believe that nations should be ruled instead by work-share cooperatives or labor unions instead of corporations. The philosopher Noam Chomsky is the best known American libertarian socialist. Like anarcho-capitalists and libertarian socialists, minarchists believe that most functions currently served by the government should be served by smaller, non-government groups. 

At the same time they believe that a government is still needed to serve a few collective needs, such as military defense. Neolibertarians are fiscal libertarians who support a strong military and believe that the U.S. government should use that military to overthrow dangerous and oppressive regimes. 

Keywords: [“Libertarian”,”believe”,”government”]
Source: https://www.thoughtco.com/what-kind-of-libertarian-are-you-721655

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 06-12-2018

Article about Global capitalism by The Free Dictionary

Although many large companies have globalized for decades, the Web, more than any other phenomenon, has enabled the smallest company to have a global presence. Globalization A mulifaceted process in which the world is becoming more and more interconnected and communication is becoming instanteneous. Aspects of this process include: the transformation of the spatial arrangement and organization of social relations involving ‘action at a distance’, a stretching of social relations and transactions, including instantaneous communications across time-space;. The increasing extensity, intensity, velocity and impact of global social relations and transactions;. The creation of new networks and nodes – the ‘network society’ – associated with the new levels of dependence on knowledge/ information and ‘expert systems – the ‘information’ or ‘knowledge society’ – as well as the new risks associated with this – RISK SOCIETY;. 

A dialect between the global and the local in which the outcome is not a simple triumph of the centre over the periphery, mere Americanization’, or suchlike. ‘hyperglobalizers’ for whom global marketization is the main driver;. ‘S ceptics’, who play down the level and distinctiveness of the change;. ‘transformationalists’, including GIDDENS, for whom globalization is a distinctive new phase such that societies and states across the globe are experiencing profound social as well as economic changes – a ‘massive shake-out’ of social relations, economies, governance and politics – as they seek to adapt to an increasingly interconnected but also unpredictable and uncertain world. 

Keywords: [“social”,”global”,”society”]
Source: https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Global+capitalism

Compassion, Privilege, and Spiritual Practice

Ram Dass showered us with love from his own open heart, and we melted into it. Spending time with satsang only deepened the love, and much of the magic occurred during the free time between sessions. All of us, I’m sure, sincerely hope that our time in love together will help us to be a little softer, a little more caring, and a little more present and loving in our daily lives. It is important to be in touch with our own inner well of compassion, presence and love. The inequality gap is so wide that I fear that the love, compassion, and kindness gained from spiritual practices by privileged Americans like me might be disproportionately benefiting other privileged people. 

Inevitably this means sharing love with other people like me who live a life of privilege. Love that is shared only with the privileged is not the deepest love. If we are to truly love everyone, as the great spiritual traditions implore, then a deep pain must inevitably arise from the realization that we are complicit in the world’s suffering. I want to hold both grief and love in my being at the same time. I want to honor the way spiritual practices and retreats have shaped my life, the way that they have allowed me to hold this seeming paradox, while also acknowledging that the reason I have been able to engage in them has largely been because of my privilege. 

If I’m sitting in a hot tub in the tropics while dissolving into love, then I also want to be smacked with the pangs of grief. Its a calling to rest in an even deeper truth and a more expansive love. 

Keywords: [“love”,”privilege”,”time”]
Source: https://sitaramdass.com/2016/05/18/compassion-privilege-and…

Commentary: Slavery alive and well in U.S.

Americans spend months at a time at sea fishing for crab or drilling for oil; two of the most dangerous jobs in the world. Americans clean bathrooms, subway stations and crime scenes. Americans man toll booths, pave roads, embalm bodies and inspect sewers. How capitalism does NOT work is when we collectively look the other way as companies exploit illegal labor for their own benefit. The unspoken truth is that these businesses don’t hire illegal aliens because they can’t find American workers, they hire illegal aliens because they don’t want American workers. 

Illegal aliens mean no workers’ comp claims, no age, race or sex discrimination lawsuits, no healthcare premiums, no unions, and no demands for raises, vacations or bigger offices. Illegal immigrants are the perfect employees because they’re not employees at all; they’re corporate slaves. Many Americans believe that cracking down on the businesses that hire illegal aliens would hurt these hardworking people too much. In Southampton officials found immigrants living in sheds with no plumbing or heat. The problem with the debate over illegal immigration right now is that special interests have been successful in making us think with our hearts instead of our brains. 

If you really want to be compassionate, then help immigrants get jobs here the right way. Help put crippling fines on the employers who knowingly hire illegal workers, help expand and simplify the visa process, and, most importantly, help get people to start thinking with their brains again. 

Keywords: [“illegal”,”work”,”American”]
Source: http://www.cnn.com/2008/US/05/28/beck.immigrantworkers/index.html

Religion, capitalism and compassion « Truth on the Market

I’ve been traveling for a lot of that time in Israel. Given my recent travels to the Holy Land I thought it might be appropriate for my first post on returning be about religion. The villain, in Felten’s summary is capitalism. According to Armstrong, capitalism drives people to greed and self-seeking from which they need to be rescued by religion. Felten notes that Milton Friedman sees capitalism as embodying something like Christianity’s golden rule that we should allow others to do what we want to do. 

Those nasty old capitalists, with their vigor, risk-taking, animal spirits and reptilian brains, have created so much wealth for so many societies over so many centuries-and have raised the standard of living for so many people who would otherwise live in grinding poverty-that their efforts, easily considered merely selfish, begin to look downright compassionate. I would add that compassion is not only a product of capitalism but at its core. Business is about helping others to express themselves by buying things. Businesspeople sacrifice their souls to make our lives happier by making products or providing jobs that enrich our leisure or give us more of it. While religions preach brotherly love, they seem to create a lot of enmity with their claims of exclusive paths to God. 

Capitalists’ pursuit of gains from trade makes friends out of would-be enemies. Maybe she’d be better off, instead of rejecting capitalism, using it to sell compassion to people as they exist today. 

Keywords: [“capitalism”,”Felten”,”Armstrong”]
Source: https://truthonthemarket.com/…/28/religion-capitalism-and-compassion

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 05-13-2018

Utilitarian Ethics

Happiness is not an ethic, and no quantity of Utilitarianism having claimed that happiness is ethical will ever make happiness an ethic. Some men have been virtuous, and though the men may have also been happy, the happiness was not the virtue. For happiness to exist, there first must exist the components that combine to create happiness. Although a similarity of components may give rise to happiness in different individuals, the components will vary relative to each individual. The man whose foundational nature is one of love, his happiness may nascent from the combination of love, compassion, and the opportunity to give his love and compassion to the world. 

The man whose foundational nature is one of greed, his happiness may nascent from the combination of greed, deceit, and the opportunity to accumulate wealth without regard of the hardships and suffering imposed on the world. The happiness of Utilitarianism did not focus on the elements that combine to create happiness, nor did Utilitarianism give attention to discussing how the elements might harmonize or disharmonize, and so it is reasonable to theorize that Utilitarianism was written without a knowledge of the nature of happiness. Within Utilitarianism there is no clarification of what Utilitarian Ethics might be other than the weighing of what actions might result in an individual’s emotion of happiness. The choice for correctness may be for its own end, and though the inward standard may arrive into existence through the logic of choosing the correct choice, still there are possible and necessary additional components that must be for their own end as well, and it is from the combining of correct thoughts and behaviors that an end-product might arise, including that of happiness, but happiness ought not to be the goal, but rather the unintentional product. If a person desires happiness then the person must first self-create the necessary qualities within him/herself that are sufficient to combine into creating the sensation of happiness, and the person’s bliss will not be a self-suggested self-convinced belief that s/he is happy, but rather the happiness will come into existence on its own, and it will be a true happiness. 

Happiness is composed of specific elements unique to each individual and circumstance, and since the elements are unique to each individual, then no rule of law or philosophy can become a singular judge of happiness. Though it is not possible to now know what Mill might have had in mind when he promoted the Utilitarian view, there are possibilities of reasons why the happiness philosophy may be concluded as being useful. 

Keywords: [“happiness”,”Utilitarianism”,”thing”]
Source: http://www.ethicsmorals.com/ethicsutilitarian.html

Download Compassionate Capitalism…

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Keywords: [“download”,”compassionate”,”request”]
Source: http://gatekeeperinspections.com/pdf/download-compassionate-capitalism…

Illuminations: Kellner

Forced to flee from Nazi Germany in 1933, Fromm settled in the United States and lectured at the New School of Social Research, Columbia, Yale, and Bennington. In the late 1930s, Fromm broke with the Institute of Social Research and with Escape from Freedom began publishing a series of books which would win him a large audience. Documenting some of the strains and crises of individualism, Fromm attempted to explain how alienated individuals would seek gratification and security from social orders such as fascism. Fromm popularized the neo-Marxian critiques of the media and consumer society, and promoted democratic socialist perspectives during an era when social repression made it difficult and dangerous to advocate radical positions. 7 The key theoretical essays outlining the Institute’s materialist social psychology were published in the Zeitschrift fur Sozialforschung by Erich Fromm. Although historical materialism tends to assume the primacy of economic forces and interests in individual and social life, while the psychoanalytic focus is on instinctual and psychological forces, Fromm believes that they can be fruitfully synthesized. 

Psychoanalytic theories, Fromm suggested, which abstract from study of the ways that a given society socialized its members into accepting and reproducing a specific social structure, tend to take bourgeois society as a norm and to illicitly universalize its findings. For Fromm, natural instincts are part of the base of society, and he believes that our understanding of human behavior and social processes will be enriched by reciprocal knowledge of how society molds and adapts instincts to its structures, and how human beings shape and change their environments to meet their needs. Such a merger of Marx and Freud will immeasurably enrich materialist social theory, in Fromm’s view, by providing analysis of the mediations through which psyche and society interact and reciprocally shape each other. Fromm then discusses Freud’s theory of oral, anal, and genital characters, and how specific social structures produce and reward certain types of character traits while eliminating others. To begin, Bachofen provides insights, Fromm believes, into how woman’s nature develops from social practices; specifically, how the activity of mothering produces certain nurturing, maternal character traits associated with women, thus anticipating recent feminist theories of mothering. 

In Fromm’s reading, Bachofen points out the relativity of existing societal relationships and institutions such as marriage, monogamy, private property, and other bourgeois social forms. 

Keywords: [“Fromm”,”Social”,”Society”]
Source: http://www.uta.edu/huma/illuminations/kell9.htm

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 03-16-2018

The Compassionate Way to Combat Creationism

In a world where blank-slatism, anti-vaccine rhetoric, myths about the effects of parenting, and climate change denial persist and even thrive, it should come as no surprise that a contingent of creationist Christians continues to believe in a 6,000-year-old Earth in modern American society. In 2015, the Pew Research Center released the latest national data from another study which, since it was launched in 2007, has provided remarkable insight into the shifting demographics of American Christian culture. This change in attitude, which now represents a remarkable majority of American Christians, has occurred by differing but consistently positive degrees across the broad spectrum of Christian faith, including those most historically opposed to homosexuality. Some have argued that it is even more difficult to maintain an internally consistent set of beliefs as a Christian who accepts homosexuality than as a Christian who accepts evolutionary science. Let us contrast this attitude to the perspective taken by Daniel Karslake’s 2007 documentary For the Bible Tells Me So, which aims to provide a rich and emotional exploration of attitudes towards homosexuality in contemporary Christian American society. In short, the cultural campaign against the traditionalist Christian views on homosexuality has largely been one of compassion, empathy, and reason. Creationist Christians largely occupy demographics that have little positive contact with scientists and evolution educators, many of whom react to deeply religious people with, if not outright condescension, intentional segregation and wilful ignorance. Rather than demean, mock, and ignore what creationist Christians believe, we intended to tackle some of the specific lines of creationist reasoning in an extraordinary amount of depth-such as their arguments against radiometric dating and the evolution of birds from dinosaurs-and to do so from a place of compassion and respect, and from an understanding of human nature. Our five authors represent two Christians, a deist, and two atheists, but together we share a powerful history: we were all raised in creationist households, and each of us later rejected this ideology in favor of a scientific worldview. My hope is that this understanding of human nature-perhaps together with a dash of compassion and sensitivity-can be valuable to both the Christians and the non-theists among us.

Keywords: [“Christian”,”homosexuality”,”religious”]
Source: http://quillette.com/2017/10/28/combating-creationism

Buddhism under Capitalism, 3: AAR seminar/2015/Atlanta

ABSTRACT: The Seminar on Economics and Capitalism in the Study of Buddhism has been established to provide a venue for examining the ways in which late capitalism and its globalization are impacting both Buddhism as an institution with diverse local forms, teachings, systems of authority, and styles of practice, and Buddhism as an object of scholarly inquiry. The topic for this first year’s meeting of the seminar focuses on the effects of the rapidly expanding adoption of Buddhist practices, particularly mindfulness in its secularized interpretation, into health care settings. Of particular interest is the effects of the commodification of practice as a kind of therapy for mental and physical disorders on the many dimensions of Buddhist practice. Four papers examine Contemplative Studies Centers, psychotherapeutic adaptations, the marketing of mindfulness and Reiki to hospitals and hospices, and the extension of mindfulness into the well-being programs of corporations. DESCRIPTION: The Seminar on Economics and Capitalism in the Study of Buddhism has been established to provide a venue for examining the ways in which late capitalism and its globalization are impacting both Buddhism as an institution with diverse local forms, teachings, systems of authority, and styles of practice, and Buddhism as an object of scholarly inquiry. Once analyzed into isolable constituents, these have utility both for producing knowledge about the mind, brain, and behavior, and for determining ‘best practices’ for mental and physical health. The axiomatic utility of such methods propels the exhortations to incorporate spiritual hygiene – most obviously ubiquitous mindfulness practices – into daily routine for the sake of personal and professional self-improvement. Once described as a new popular trend, these practices should now be considered an established feature of the mental health economy in the United States and beyond. Drawing on new ethnographic data, I observe these same lines of commentary within psychotherapists’ public discourse about their use of mindfulness practices and its relationship to U.S. political economies. Psychotherapists have incorporated the interpretations of Buddhologists and commentators for decades in ongoing processes of construction and reconstruction of contemporary mindfulness practices.

Keywords: [“practice”,”mindfulness”,”Study”]
Source: https://rkpayne.wordpress.com/2015/04/03/buddhism-under-capitalism…

Capitalism, the Free Market, and the Duties of Property and Contract

Socialism and anarchism advocate no respect for private property; and even when rights to private property are conceded, there is dispute about just what such rights are. Contracts, especially concerning employment, now tend to be heavily regulated by law, usually on the paternalistic principle that contractors cannot protect their own interests through free agreements, or perhaps don’t even know what their true interests are. Duties of property and contract have developed historically, where at some time most things counting as property or concerning contract didn’t even exist. Jussive moral duties are based on respect for property and contract even as imperative moral duties are based on respect for persons. According to F.A. Hayek, the morality of property and contract is falsifiable, i.e. its principles are not self-evidently true but must be pragmatically evaluated as to their effect on the autonomy of persons and the promotion of general wealth and well-being. The principles of property and contract are the functioning morality of capitalism, which is based on private property and contract without any special obligation to advance the interests of others or abridge one’s own interests for the benefit of society. In the free market any taste can be catered to; and no one in political power need ever even ask what people want. No one ever believed Russia’s own statistics, but its economy was never as large as even the CIA thought it was – some anti-American critics now even claim that the CIA did that deliberately, in order to exaggerate the Soviet threat and perpetuate the Cold War. Property and contract, commerce and industry are what alter the natural condition of humanity thanks to the enterprise and imagination – the hortative virtues of prudence – of those who create the products of technological society and hire the people to manufacture them. The openness of the society consists in the limitation of the authority of those with political power and the provision of the free market for the exchange of value for value as everyone provides or seeks out all the different kinds of goods that imagination and taste can conceive and prefer.

Keywords: [“even”,”society”,”market”]
Source: http://friesian.com/capit-1.htm

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 03-08-2018

The Library To The World

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Keywords: [“Download”,”pdf”,”access”]
Source: http://www.nasernobari.com/compassionate-capitalism-how-corporations-can…

Compassionate capitalism in the Middle Ages

Compassionate capitalism in the Middle Ages: Profit and philanthropy in medieval Cambridge. Using recently discovered documents on medieval Cambridge, we have investigated how money was made through property speculation and how the profits of successful speculation were spent. Property markets developed in medieval England as burgage plots were laid out in new or expanding towns by local landowners, with the king’s permission. Our research combines statistical analysis of medieval records with detailed analysis of the backgrounds of the individuals and institutions that developed property portfolios. We identify patterns in rents, highlight strategies used to assemble property portfolios and examine how the profits of property speculation were spent. Medieval speculators invested in a variety of properties. Property hotspots with high-rents can be identified in three parts of medieval Cambridge: at the road junction by the hospital; west of the market; and near the river just south of the hospital. Figure 2 Map of medieval Cambridge showing property hotspots. Profits from the property market were recycled back into the community through donations to religious houses, hospitals and churches. Profits from property speculation benefitted individuals, family dynasties and the urban community as a whole.

Keywords: [“property”,”medieval”,”Cambridge”]
Source: https://voxeu.org/article/compassionate-capitalism-middle-ages

Confucian Capitalism?

After I introduce several important Confucian terms, I will attempt to illuminate where there may be contrast with contemporary Capitalist ideals, the reader may have already noticed where contrast is apparent between Capitalism and Confucianism. In so many cases, Capitalism is about profit seeking: Capitalism, it often seems, is about getting the most profit for the least amount of effort. In order to highlight this difference in ethic, I will revisit each of the six Confucian terms introduced and place them in light of Capitalism. Along the way, I will highlight how Capitalism would have to change in order to allow Confucianism to flourish. Perhaps, the harmonious society sought by Confucianism cannot exist with Capitalism in the mix. The result of following Capitalism is a completely different world view. In Capitalism, there appears to be a lack of moral servitude that is found in Confucian authoritative conduct. In order for Capitalism to exist in accordance with Xin, wealth needs to be distributed much more evenly throughout society. While Capitalism, in the form that it exists now, eventually leads to imperialism the goal of Capitalism could be set within limits to allow for a globally sustainable and morally virtuous world economy. By Confucian standards in fact, Capitalism is a path towar.

Keywords: [“Capitalism”,”Confucian”,”society”]
Source: https://justinphilcox.wordpress.com/2011/08/15/confucian-capitalism

Compassion Inc. by Gaurav Sinha

Be inspired to transform your business to change the world. In this book, Gaurav Sinha, world-class businessman and entrepreneur, founder of Insignia in 2003, outlines the economics of empathy for life and for business. He offers actionable solutions to maintaining a successful trade in a changing global landscape where conscience, ethics, and authenticity are high on the agenda. Incorporating Compassion – why good human values are the foundation for great business values. The Rise of Altruistic Aesthetes – Why consumers are willing to pay more for ethical brands than just affordable brands. The Principles of Edifying Essentialities – principles to build and nurture virtuous relationships between people, products and experiences, inspired by Buddhist teachings. Redefining ‘USPs’ – from Unique Selling Proposition to Universally Sustainable Principles; the importance of aligning business strategies with universally sustainable principles· RoE: Return on Empathy – How companies and individuals need to build a foundation that rises above profits to prosperity. Citizens of Compassion – Capturing the essence of empathy and ethics in life and business. The world is changing, perceptions are shifting, consumers are evolving, and this book will ensure your business keeps up.

Keywords: [“business”,”principles”,”world”]
Source: https://www.penguin.co.uk/books/1116235/compassion-inc

Compassion Inc. by Gaurav Sinha on iBooks

Be inspired to transform your business to change the world. In this book, Gaurav Sinha, world-class businessman and entrepreneur, founder of Insignia in 2003, outlines the economics of empathy for life and for business. He offers actionable solutions to maintaining a successful trade in a changing global landscape where conscience, ethics, and authenticity are high on the agenda. Incorporating Compassion – why good human values are the foundation for great business values. The Rise of Altruistic Aesthetes – Why consumers are willing to pay more for ethical brands than just affordable brands. The Principles of Edifying Essentialities – principles to build and nurture virtuous relationships between people, products and experiences, inspired by Buddhist teachings. Redefining ‘USPs’ – from Unique Selling Proposition to Universally Sustainable Principles; the importance of aligning business strategies with universally sustainable principles. RoE: Return on Empathy – How companies and individuals need to build a foundation that rises above profits to prosperity. Citizens of Compassion – Capturing the essence of empathy and ethics in life and business. The world is changing, perceptions are shifting, consumers are evolving, and this book will ensure your business keeps up.

Keywords: [“business”,”principles”,”world”]
Source: https://itunes.apple.com/gb/book/compassion-inc/id1352169285?mt=11

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 02-24-2018

CHRISTIAN WORLDVIEW

Firstly, the postulation that aspects of socialist theory to a certain extent chime in harmony with biblical teaching and aligns with the way we often picture the New Testament church. Secondly, a question – why does the conservative, evangelical church tend to lean towards those promoting a capitalist agenda? Coming onto the second point, the conservative evangelical church does tend towards capitalism, despite that fact that it has many, many serious flaws. Conservative Christians, have always seen the great threat to stable society posed by liberal morality and have reacted against it, often perhaps without noticing that the underlying principles of left-of-centre politics are more compassionate and aligned with biblical teaching. Equally, in focusing on the morally conservative politics that have often gone hand in hand with capitalist economic policy, it is easy to ignore the great problems that capitalism brings, making the poor poorer, the rich richer and concentrating power in the hands of an elite few who are only concerned about themselves – think of Jesus’s teaching about the rich fool. I’ve suggested positives of socialist theory and negatives of capitalism. To be fair, this is not to say that socialist theory does not have major problems or capitalism benefits. You are causing the rest of the church a great deal of harm. In the hands of evil men, socialism is evil, in the hands of evil men, capitalism is also evil. Should we bury our heads in the sand, hide behind our closed church doors and avoid the ballot box? Certainly not.

Keywords: [“church”,”Capitalism”,”socialist”]
Source: https://jpschristianworldview.wordpress.com/tag/capitalism

Compassionate Capitalism

The other day Russian President Vladimir Putin who is the longest ruling person in Russia after Ivan the Great and Stalin called America “a parasite of world economy.” Well, all communists say so but we have to ask China if they really believe it at heart or they wouldn’t have had the rapid growth they are having for last few years. Capitalism which is based on free enterprise system in America has been the reason behind the great success achieved by America since its birth. My personal experience with free enterprise system goes back to over 5 years ago when I got involved in a business opportunity where I could create an unlimited income with my sweat equity. To tell you the truth, the first year I failed miserably. This is what free enterprise system of America means to me where anybody from any background can work hard, create opportunity and determine their own destiny. People come to America looking for an opportunity like the one I just mentioned. That’s why, in America we say “No more Cheesecrackers.” A little better than capitalism is “Compassionate Capitalism,” a phrase recently coined which is not about “Money getting” but about “Serving people” because law of success is service and biggest businesses are now realizing it more now than ever. Many analysts still consider America to be in a recession period but few businesses seem to be sky rocketing even in this market. The basic motto of free enterprise system is that law of success is service and greatest server is the greatest leader.

Keywords: [“America”,”own”,”year”]
Source: http://thenewyorkcitypost.com/compassionate-capitalism

Anti-capitalism vs Post-capitalism

Capitalism, like all words that evoke emotions, has as many definitions as there are proponents or discontents. The Market Libertarian definition, to which we can also count the Objectivist definition, is that capitalism is productive human action, free individuals that agree on whether they want to buy or sell products and services on a free market. Capitalism in short is individuals making free decisions. The Marxist definition is that capitalism is a specific system of production, based around a hierarchical concentration of wealth and power. What separates Capitalism from Feudalism is that while Feudalism is centered around Land, Capitalism is centered around Capital – the concentration of possessions. Capitalism will eventually, according to Marx and Engels, have so many contradictions that it will lead to an inevitable worker’s revolution and a system based on the dictatorship of the proletariat, which will develop into a classless society where all the means of production are owned collectively by the people. The Cosmology of the EOS. What is Capitalism, according to the EOS? What we can say for certain is that Capitalism will be replaced within the next two centuries, and that there are three possible scenarios for how it can evolve into something else. Post-capitalism is whatever system of production and distribution that succeeds Capitalism. We don’t owe Capitalism to let it continue to exist only because it allowed an unprecedented standard of life in the western world during the 20th century.

Keywords: [“Capitalism”,”system”,”society”]
Source: https://eoshorizon.wordpress.com/2014/10/30/anti-capitalism-vs…

Neoliberal Capitalism, Emotion and Morality – States, Power, Emotion

Neoliberalism does not however, as some have claimed, have its own moral framework. For sure, the advancement of a neoliberal political economic agenda relies on an illusion of moral unity in fabricating claims about the ‘public good’, ‘fairness’, and ‘justice’. Neoliberalism is not a moral project, but an emotional project. Acknowledging the role of culture is not the same as implying neoliberalism has a supporting moral order despite the likes of Thatcher and others attempting to persuade us that it does. Neoliberalism ‘has morals’ to the extent that it has moral interests – but this is a contradiction-in-terms or a misnomer. Such as morality is not imposed from on high: it is deliberative and relatively spontaneous; it is a debated morality not simple moralizing. For Durkheim ideas that promoted particular group interests at the expense of others are not moral but were merely interests with associated habits and ways of seeing and doing that jeopardized collective solidarity, compassion and understanding. So if the powerful do not govern on a moral basis what do they govern on? Of course, they share ‘worldview’s’, cultural outlooks and norms and values. It’s important to say these were deeply immoral acts of state and any wider support for such action speaks not so much to moral affinities between powerful and powerless groups as much as it does to emotional inflammations engineered by governments that sustain popular fears, hopes and anxieties. Capitalism is more a love [and hate] story than a moral one.

Keywords: [“moral”,”morality”,”interest”]
Source: https://emotionalstates.wordpress.com/2016/07/07/neoliberal…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 02-02-2018

Author Gunther to Speak on “Compassionate Capitalism”

BUFFALO, N.Y. – Author Marc Gunther will speak on “Compassionate Capitalism: How Corporate America is Changing for the Better” at 7:30 p.m. March 27 in the Screening Room in the Center for the Arts on the University at Buffalo North Campus. Sponsored by the University at Buffalo School of Management and the UB Law School, Gunther’s visit is the second annual event in the Gerald S. Lippes Speaker Series. A senior writer at Fortune magazine and a columnist for CNNMoney.com, Gunther writes about the impact of business on society. He is the author of several books, including “Faith and Fortune: How Compassionate Capitalism is Transforming American Business”. Gunther also has written about CEO Jeff Immelt’s efforts to reshape the values of General Electric, the greening of Wal-Mart, the rise of corporate social responsibility, globalization, the environmental movement, corporate governance, AIDS and gay rights in corporate America. He has appeared on NBC, ABC, PBS, CNN and NPR and speaks at conferences, corporate events and colleges. Gunther is a graduate of Yale University, where he majored in English. Gunther’s talk from 7:30-8:30 p.m. will be followed by a question-and-answer session and a book signing. The Gerald S. Lippes Speaker Series focuses on current issues and topics related to business and finance. The series is part of a larger effort to foster an integrated understanding of the worlds of business and law, and to encourage a collaborative dialogue between business and legal professionals. Funding for the series is provided through the generous support of Gerald S. Lippes.

Keywords: [“Gunther”,”Corporate”,”business”]
Source: http://www.buffalo.edu/news/8411

Capitalism Is Compassionate

All these activities would tend to drive the price of housing down, and cure the housing shortage. If landlords tried to raise the rents in the absence of a housing shortage, they would find it difficult to keep their apartments rented. Even if landlords banded together to raise rents, they would not be able to maintain the rise in the absence of a housing shortage. For the problem of slum housing is not really a problem of slums or of housing at all. Slum housing with all its horrors is not a problem when the inhabitants are people who can afford higher-quality housing, but prefer to live in slum housing because of the money they can save thereby. For proof, consider a law prohibiting the existence of slums, and therefore of slumlords, without making provisions for the slum dwellers in any other way, such as providing decent housing for the poor or an adequate income to buy or rent good housing. Only if the slumlord were the cause of poverty could he be legitimately blamed for the evils of slum housing. The link between government involvement in the housing market and the plight of the slumlord’s public image should be pinpointed. Scatter-site housing projects, “Public” housing and urban renewal projects, and zoning ordinances and building codes, are just a few examples. Compelling “Cadillac housing” can only harm the inhabitants of “Volkswagen housing.” It puts all housing out of the financial reach of the poor. It is the prohibition of low-quality housing by housing codes and the like that causes landlords to leave the field of housing. If landlords cannot make as much profit in supplying housing to the poor as they can in other endeavors, they will leave the field.

Keywords: [“housing”,”slumlord”,”rent”]
Source: https://www.lewrockwell.com/…/capitalism-is-compassionate

How to build a great company

N R Narayana Murthy, Chairman of the Board and Chief Mentor, Infosys Technologies, outlines the key ingredients to building a great company and the role of ‘compassionate capitalism’ in society. By and large, there is tremendous focus on hard work, pride in the company, and loyalty to the company in Asia. This focus exists in the West too, and that’s how they have built great companies. Second, there is a spirit of family in Asian companies. This means working as a team, showing concern for your fellow employees, making sacrifices for each other’s benefit, and identifying with the common cause of the company. We did something similar after 9/11. We were the first Indian company and one of the few in the world outside the United States to contribute to the Firemen’s Fund. Public-private partnerships in developing countries like India are very important because a company cannot prosper on a sustainable basis, unless it makes a difference to the context in which it operates. I don’t know of a single great company that has not had good leaders. Second, we have to create a grand, noble vision which elevates the energy, enthusiasm and self-esteem of everyone in the company while ensuring that everybody sees a benefit in following the vision. Third, a company has to benchmark itself on a global scale in every area including sales, production, human resources, R&D and finance. Fourth, a great company continuously measures and improves the following attributes: meritocracy, fairness, justice, openness, speed, imagination and excellence in execution. Finally, a great company practices an enduring value system, and follows the finest system of corporate governance.

Keywords: [“company”,”great”,”society”]
Source: http://www.rediff.com/money/2005/jan/31spec.htm

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 02-02-2018

Media Ignorance on Capitalism Hurts Low-Wage American Workers –

For whatever reason – ignorance, socialist-leaning worldview or laziness – basic economics of free market capitalism seems all but impossible for most of the mainstream media to grasp. At its most foundational, capitalism functions on supply and demand and the ability of a company to make a profit meeting the demand, and the person creating the demand to have multiple supply options to create competition. These capitalism concepts of supply, demand, profit and competition seems to elude most media reports, allowing people like Sen. Bernie Sanders to claim corporations are evil, gouge employees and make outrageous profits. If you are making $9 per hour and working for a company making billions of dollars in profits without any media explanation of the fuller context, this is very enticing to believe. Liberal politicians such as Sanders, and many in the media, always use the anecdote corporation that just made a huge profit, rather than actual data points. Your local liberal’s favorite evil corporation, Walmart, squeezes out a paltry 2.1 percent profit. Walmart’s profit margin is less than one-third of what it pays in taxes. A 2013 Reason-Rupe Poll found that the average American guessed the typical corporate American profit to be 36 percent. The actual number is about 3-5%. The corporate profits disconnect is a combination of economic ignorance and liberal agenda. If Walmart, with a profit margin of 2.1 percent, has to increase the majority of its employees’ pay by 50 to 100 percent, how will they be forced to respond? Remember, the company needs to meet demands while making a profit. 2) Cut the number of workers, particularly full-time workers with benefits. Add more part-time workers and employ the use of technology to replace low-skill workers.

Keywords: [“profit”,”workers”,”media”]
Source: https://therevolutionaryact.com/media-ignorance-capitalism

The Ethics of Capitalism

In the expositions of Ethical Socialism one constantly finds the assertion that it presupposes the moral purification of men. The difficulties in the way of Socialism lie exclusively, or predominantly, in men’s moral shortcomings. The impracticability of Socialism is the result of intellectual, not moral, incapacity. If a socialist community were capable of economic calculation, it could be set up without any change in men’s moral character. It would be no more difficult to enforce the code of socialist morals than it is to enforce the code of capitalist morals, if there were any possibility of making objective computations within the socialist society. This inadequacy of the human type which would cause the breakdown of Socialism, may appear to be of a moral order; on closer examination it turns out to be a question of intellect. Moral behavior is the name we give to the temporary sacrifices made in the interests of social co-operation, which is the chief means by which human wants and human life generally may be supplied. They elevate unselfishness and self-sacrifice and the love of compassion, which lead to them, to absolute moral values. The pain that at first accompanies the sacrifice is defined as moral because it is painful-which is very near asserting that all action painful to the performer is moral. From the discovery of this confusion we can see why various sentiments and actions which are socially neutral or even harmful come to be called moral. There thus arises a negative utilitarianism: we are to regard as moral that which benefits, not the person acting, but others. To condemn the ethics demanded by social life under Capitalism and to set up in their place standards for moral behavior which-it is thought-might be adopted under Socialism is a purely arbitrary procedure.

Keywords: [“moral”,”socialist”,”society”]
Source: https://mises.org/blog/ethics-capitalism

The Ethics of Capitalism » Alex Jones’ Infowars: There’s a war on for your mind!

In the expositions of Ethical Socialism one constantly finds the assertion that it presupposes the moral purification of men. The difficulties in the way of Socialism lie exclusively, or predominantly, in men’s moral shortcomings. The impracticability of Socialism is the result of intellectual, not moral, incapacity. If a socialist community were capable of economic calculation, it could be set up without any change in men’s moral character. It would be no more difficult to enforce the code of socialist morals than it is to enforce the code of capitalist morals, if there were any possibility of making objective computations within the socialist society. This inadequacy of the human type which would cause the breakdown of Socialism, may appear to be of a moral order; on closer examination it turns out to be a question of intellect. Moral behavior is the name we give to the temporary sacrifices made in the interests of social co-operation, which is the chief means by which human wants and human life generally may be supplied. They elevate unselfishness and self-sacrifice and the love of compassion, which lead to them, to absolute moral values. The pain that at first accompanies the sacrifice is defined as moral because it is painful-which is very near asserting that all action painful to the performer is moral. From the discovery of this confusion we can see why various sentiments and actions which are socially neutral or even harmful come to be called moral. There thus arises a negative utilitarianism: we are to regard as moral that which benefits, not the person acting, but others. To condemn the ethics demanded by social life under Capitalism and to set up in their place standards for moral behavior which-it is thought-might be adopted under Socialism is a purely arbitrary procedure.

Keywords: [“moral”,”socialist”,”society”]
Source: https://www.infowars.com/the-ethics-of-capitalism