J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 05-15-2018

Social justice

In the current global grassroots movements for social justice, the emphasis has been on the breaking of barriers for social mobility, the creation of safety nets and economic justice. Social justice is invoked today while reinterpreting historical figures such as Bartolomé de las Casas, in philosophical debates about differences among human beings, in efforts for gender, racial and social equality, for advocating justice for migrants, prisoners, the environment, and the physically and mentally disabled. Thomas Pogge’s arguments pertain to a standard of social justice that creates human rights deficits. From its founding, Methodism was a Christian social justice movement. The Pope advocated that the role of the State was to promote social justice through the protection of rights, while the Church must speak out on social issues in order to teach correct social principles and ensure class harmony. 

The encyclical Quadragesimo anno of 1931 by Pope Pius XI, encourages a living wage, subsidiarity, and advocates that social justice is a personal virtue as well as an attribute of the social order, saying that society can be just only if individuals and institutions are just. It said that the laity has the specific responsibility of pursuing social justice in civil society and that the church’s active role in social justice should be to inform the debate, using reason and natural law, and also by providing moral and spiritual formation for those involved in politics. The official Catholic doctrine on social justice can be found in the book Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church, published in 2004 and updated in 2006, by the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax. On the other hand, some scholars reject the very idea of social justice as meaningless, religious, self-contradictory, and ideological, believing that to realize any degree of social justice is unfeasible, and that the attempt to do so must destroy all liberty. Sociologist Carl L. 

Bankston has argued that a secular, leftist view of social justice entails viewing the redistribution of goods and resources as based on the rights of disadvantaged categories of people, rather than on compassion or national interest. Social justice is also a concept that is used to describe the movement towards a socially just world, e.g., the Global Justice Movement. Integrating social justice with health inherently reflects the social determinants of health model without discounting the role of the bio-medical model. 

Keywords: [“Social”,”justice”,”right”]
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_justice

Biography, Presidency, & Facts

Michelle Bachelet, in full Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria,, Chilean politician who served as president of Chile. Bachelet, then a medical student at the University of Chile, was arrested and sent to a secret prison, where she also was tortured. Although Bachelet’s family history made it difficult for her to find employment in Pinochet’s Chile, eventually she joined a medical clinic that treated victims of torture. In 2000 Ricardo Lagos, the candidate of the Coalition of Parties for Democracy, a group of centre and centre-left parties, was inaugurated as Chile’s first socialist president since Salvador Allende in 1973, and Bachelet was appointed health minister. Largely as a result of those successes, Bachelet found herself among the most popular presidents in Chilean history; however, the constitution prevented her from serving a consecutive term. 

In December Bachelet won the runoff decisively to become the first two-time president of Chile since the end of Pinochet’s rule. The common thread in those reforms was Bachelet’s belief that the free-market approach, when applied to social policy, had resulted in very uneven societal benefits and in the persistence of gaping income inequalities-even while Chile’s income per capita had risen from $4,400 in 1990 to almost $22,000 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Bachelet’s administration moved ahead rapidly, introducing dozens of bills, including a tax-reform bill, enacted in September, that increased the corporate tax rate from 20 percent to 27 percent and eliminated a large tax loophole, the so-called FUT, used by wealthy Chilean stockholders to shield corporate income from taxation. Much of the anticipated increase in tax earnings was earmarked to finance Bachelet’s education-reform bill, which included state subsidies to make public higher education free for the poorest 70 percent of Chileans, along with encouraging the creation of more public universities in lieu of private for-profit schools. In 2016, responding to widespread popular protest, Bachelet proposed that Chile’s privately administered pension system be overhauled. 

A commission created by Bachelet reported that some 44 percent of pensioners were living below the poverty level during the period 2007-14. Bachelet’s proposal called for a 5 percent increase in pension payments and for an infusion of about $1.5 billion in state funds into the system, along with an increase in employer contributions. 

Keywords: [“Bachelet”,”Chile”,”president”]
Source: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Michelle-Bachelet

The Time Machine Themes

As the Time Traveler theorizes, the working class has been pushed underground for so long that it has evolved into a distinct, nocturnal species. Wells tells his Victorian audience to look at its own time, in which the industrial revolution has further divided the classes, and consider the possibility of its turning into the Eloi if capitalism continues to run rampant. One of the major social theories of the late 19th-century adapted Charles Darwin’s theories on evolution to justify 19th-century social stratification between the rich and poor. Social Darwinism ignored this idea and contended that the social environment was much like the cutthroat natural environment, and that those who succeeded were biologically destined to do so and to continue in their march to human perfection. The Time Traveler soon discovers that the advancements of civilization have enfeebled the Eloi; without any pressing requirements for survival, they have become weak, lazy, and stupid. 

While their civilization has seemingly become perfect, they have become decidedly imperfect. The changing environment may not always produce desirable changes in man, and Social Darwinism’s argument that those who succeed in a given environment are naturally superior is not valid. The concept of entropy states that systems tend toward disorder and loss of energy over time, an idea many perceive as contradictory to evolution, since evolution implies that systems grow more ordered in their complexity over time. Ultimately, Wells’s championing of entropy forms his argument against the existence of Social Darwinism; rather than becoming more perfect, we are gradually losing our energy. The White Sphinx is a curious landmark in 802,701 AD. 

The Morlocks stow the Time Machine inside its enclosed bronze pedestal, so it becomes a symbolic and literal barrier for the Time Traveler, much as the sphinx blocked the entrance for the Greek hero Oedipus. The sphinx has a direct relationship to the Time Traveler’s plight; a symbol of futurity and of man’s submission to God, the Egyptian Sphinx faces the rising sun god Ra each day in worship. The TT, on the other hand, must in some ways defy God by embracing rational science as he gains mastery over time, and he must also break into the sphinx to escape from the future and go back in time. 

Keywords: [“Time”,”social”,”environment”]
Source: https://www.gradesaver.com/the-time-machine/study-guide/themes

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 02-03-2018

The Book of Life

In modern times, one of the criticisms you’ll sometimes hear people make. Glamour is the reflexive sheen afforded to people and things by the approval of. We don’t think we hate cheap things – but we frequently behave as if we. One key thing that can go wrong in our thinking about a career is that we get. ‘Creativity’ is one of the most prestigious ideas of modern times and as a.Authentic Work. One of the ideas that circulates below the surface of modern life is that work. People have been making pornography for a very long time. One of the things that separates confident from diffident people is their sense. Modern life is, in many ways, founded around the idea of progress: the notion. Most of the time, successful modern life involves lots of technology,. One of the unexpectedly important things that art can do for us is teach us how. If the idea of being a ‘modern’ person and leading a ‘modern’ life.

Keywords: [“thing”,”time”,”modern”]
Source: http://www.thebookoflife.org/category/capitalism

Nonfiction Book Review: Compassionate Capitalism by Rich DeVos, Author, Richard M. Devos, Author Dutton Books $22 ISBN 978-0-525-93567-4

Recently there has been a deluge of books on managerial theory, “how-to” scenarios and inspirational tomes about the “good life,” but rarely can an author combine these genres. DeVos, co-founder and retired president of Amway, does so effectively with this study of how to be entrepreneurial, successful and compassionate. Offering dozens of emotional anecdotes about struggling and then successful people he knew at Amway, DeVos develops an intriguing 16-part “Credo for Compassionate Capitalism” that draws heavily on the Judeo-Christian ethical tradition, then melds its precepts with those of capitalism. His thoughts on helping others, racial and religious toleration and the environment are impressive, as are his positions on credit availability and business behavior. Of obvious interest to Amway’s two million distributors, his book should also have strong appeal for general readers.

Keywords: [“Amway”,”Capitalism”,”DeVos”]
Source: https://www.publishersweekly.com/978-0-525-93567-4

Entrepreneurs + Investors + Funded Innovation + Generational Wealth + Compassionate Capitalism

History has shown that the Greatest Wealth is Created through Entrepreneurism. Every Innovation that improves our lives came from an Entrepreneur with an idea; a strategy to succeed; and the funding to execute. The Good News: You don’t have to start a great company when you can invest in a great company and reap the same rewards as the founders. Recent regulatory changes have made that easier than ever to happen. We help Entrepreneurs and Investors create their legacy in the innovation they bring to market and the generational wealth they create. The men and women who take the road less traveled and invest in exciting private companies before they go public, have the opportunity that few realize – create wealth, leave a legacy of innovation, and have personal pride in knowing they impacted their community with new jobs and opportunities.

Keywords: [“Wealth”,”create”,”company”]
Source: http://www.karenrands.co

Compassionate Capitalism: How Corporations Can Make Doing Good an Integral Part of Doing Well by Marc Benioff, Karen Southwick[PDF] Ebook Download

What if every corporation in the world devoted one percent of its revenues, one percent of its employees’ time, and one percent of its stock to the communities it serves? What would happen? It would change the world. This book suggests that such a radical change is possible, and lays out the blueprint to do so, with a radically new model in which companies leverage all of their assets-including employees, equity, products, and relationships-in order to provide real value to the communities in which they operate. Case studies look at how both large and small companies, have structured their philanthropy programs for maximum effectiveness and true integration. Here is the essential guide for everyone, from the newly minted entrepreneur to the Fortune 500 CEO who wants to ensure that doing business goes hand in hand with doing good.

Keywords: [“percent”,”employees”,”world”]
Source: https://academicebook.com/ebooks/compassionate-capitalism-1817358

Narayana Murthy and Compassionate Capitalism

Narayana Murthy’s roles at Infosys Technologies-as a co-founder, longtime CEO, and nonexecutive chairman and chief mentor-has been marked by explosive growth, demanding management challenges, and widely lauded company leadership. His personal leadership philosophy has been articulated through and driven by his philosophy of “Compassionate capitalism.” Profiles Murthy’s philosophy and leadership principles. Traces the development of Murthy as a child, scholar, businessman, and political and social activist. Traces the links between Murthy’s principles and the business practices that repeatedly brought Infosys Technologies recognition as one of India’s most admired and best managed companies. Raises questions in his mind about the place of philanthropic principles in the management of a business enterprise.

Keywords: [“Murthy”,”philosophy”,”leadership”]
Source: http://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Pages/item.aspx?num=32597

Compassionate capitalism in the Middle Ages: Profit and philanthropy in medieval Cambridge

Contemporary businesses are frequently challenged to invest the profits from their commercial successes into projects that benefit society. This is not a new concept – this column reports that it began as early as the medieval period. Profits from property speculation in the Middle Ages were re-invested into local communities. Compassionate capitalism involved high levels of charitable giving to hospitals, monasteries, churches, and colleges, which helped to disseminate the economic benefits of investments from individuals to the wider community. This entry was posted on May 9, 2017 at 1:59 pm and is filed under Academic research & research papers, Economics – macro, micro etc. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

Keywords: [“profits”,”community”,”benefit”]
Source: https://mostlyeconomics.wordpress.com/2017/05/09/compassionate…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 02-01-2018

The Time Machine Themes

“The Time Machine” is Wells’s Socialist warning of what will befall mankind if capitalism continues to exploit workers for the benefits of the rich. As the Time Traveler theorizes, the working class has been pushed underground for so long that it has evolved into a distinct, nocturnal species. Wells tells his Victorian audience to look at its own time, in which the industrial revolution has further divided the classes, and consider the possibility of its turning into the Eloi if capitalism continues to run rampant. Social Darwinism ignored this idea and contended that the social environment was much like the cutthroat natural environment, and that those who succeeded were biologically destined to do so and to continue in their march to human perfection. In “The Time Machine,” the beautiful Eloi seem, at first, to be the perfect inhabitants of an advanced age. The Time Traveler soon discovers that the advancements of civilization have enfeebled the Eloi; without any pressing requirements for survival, they have become weak, lazy, and stupid. The changing environment may not always produce desirable changes in man, and Social Darwinism’s argument that those who succeed in a given environment are naturally superior is not valid. The concept of entropy states that systems tend toward disorder and loss of energy over time, an idea many perceive as contradictory to evolution, since evolution implies that systems grow more ordered in their complexity over time. Wells is clearly a believer in entropy, as evidenced by two parts of “The Time Machine.” The futuristic Eloi personify entropy; they are lazy, dull creatures whose energy is easily sapped and who live in chaotic fear of the Morlocks. The White Sphinx is a curious landmark in 802,701 AD. The Morlocks stow the Time Machine inside its enclosed bronze pedestal, so it becomes a symbolic and literal barrier for the Time Traveler, much as the sphinx blocked the entrance for the Greek hero Oedipus. The sphinx has a direct relationship to the Time Traveler’s plight; a symbol of futurity and of man’s submission to God, the Egyptian Sphinx faces the rising sun god Ra each day in worship. The TT, on the other hand, must in some ways defy God by embracing rational science as he gains mastery over time, and he must also break into the sphinx to escape from the future and go back in time.

Keywords: [“Time”,”environment”,”social”]
Source: http://www.gradesaver.com/the-time-machine/study-guide/themes

Capitalism, American style; a failing system, no longer a model for the world

Capitalism has worked well in various countries over time; in fact, we can say that it once worked quite well in America. Those days are coming to an end and we can conclude that the form of capitalism currently practiced in America is no longer working in the best interests of this country and a large portion of its people. What was portrayed in that movie is no laughing matter for the many millions of Americans whose quality of life has been greatly diminished over decades because of the way this system has been rigged to work against them. The beginning of the transformation of the U.S. manufacturing sector from one that utilized the skills of American workers to one now greatly dependent on foreign workers had its roots in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s when huge corporations such as GE began to move jobs overseas. Mr. Welch showed he had no allegiance to U.S. workers but he still wanted those same workers to be loyal to him and buy the products that GE was producing in other countries. At this point in time, Corporate America and the U.S. system of capitalism are doing a fabulous job of providing jobs for foreign workers all over the world. There are those who totally dismiss the premise that American capitalism no longer works and that is a failing system. Model for the rest of the world? If we really want to see the system of capitalism that, based on the time-honored principles of true capitalism, and how it should work for the good of a country and its people, we must look to another nation. Talk about success and effectiveness; let’s take a look at the successes of the German system works and why it deserves the great amount of respect and admiration it receives from other countries. American CEOs would find it very difficult to understand how Germany has been able to create a manufacturing atmosphere in which unions, management, and government are able to work closely together in meeting common objectives. Here’s one of many articles that one can find all over the internet which extols the virtues of the German system, why it works so well for most everyone in that country. That’s exactly why the America brand of capitalism is failing and capitalism, German style, should now be considered as the model for the world; the way true capitalism should be practiced.

Keywords: [“work”,”Capitalism”,”America”]
Source: https://www.nationofchange.org/2017/05/28/capitalism-american…

JR Test Site News for 01-26-2018

Liberalism, Socialism, and Democracy

What follows is less a rejoinder than a brief for social democracy, as a tradition that loathed communism and may yet enrich liberalism. Like liberalism, social democracy belongs to the tradition of a limited state based on political rights and civil and social liberties; it has no sympathy for either command planning or command politics. Social democracy does go somewhat beyond liberalism as generally understood. Social democracy is not merely a prodigal mutant of liberalism, now free of its youthful socialist indiscretions. My point is that liberalism, which today has reverted to one of its conservative moods, is strengthened and not weakened when it learns from social democracy. Admittedly, American liberalism and European social democracy are under assault from similar forces. In Europe, the question of how to revive a social market economy – the euphemism of choice for social democracy – in the face of transnational private commerce is a center-stage public debate. Another concept central to social democracy and almost entirely marginal to American liberalism is the idea of “Social solidarity.” In the development of the social democratic compromise, two things became clear early on. Social democracy is a good antidote to liberal fragmentation. While Mill can be revered as a buried treasure of democratic liberal theory, the evolution of modern liberalism and social democracy did not proceed mainly via Mill, but via Roosevelt and Reuther, Keynes and Attlee, Palme, Brandt, Mitterrand, et al, with a strong assist from the labor movement. As for Dewey, just as there is no Manichean wall between liberalism and social democracy, we cannot fairly divide Dewey into the educational prophet whom we admire and the soft-headed philosopher who was naive about socialism. In the postwar era, social democracy pulled back even further from its socialist ancestry and became more clearly allied with the liberal tradition.

Keywords: [“social”,”liberalism”,”liberal”]
Source: http://prospect.org/article/liberalism-socialism-and-democracy

FC101: The Rise of the Modern State in Enlightenment Europe

Despite their vast differences, there was a general trend in both Eastern and Western Europe toward more tightly run bureaucratic states. In order to understand the evolution of the modern state, one needs to understand that the feudal state was patrimonial. The modern concept of kings and officials who were accountable for their actions and responsible for the welfare of their subjects was alien to the old feudal state. The feedback between the rise of towns and kings produced two lines of development that would help each other in the rise of the modern state. Second, kings were building strong nation-states that, by the 1600’s, were assuming greater control over all aspects of the state. In spite of this, the centralized states emerging in the Enlightenment were important in the evolution of our own modern states in two ways. First of all, the emergence of a professional bureaucracy, chosen largely for merit, not money or birth, provided the state with a modern administrative structure that continues today. Second, the idea of the rulers and officials being servants, not owners, of the state was central to the revolutionary ideas that swept Europe starting with the French Revolution in 1789. Another problem for the central government was the intense competition between the council of state and the various ministers. In 1748, after the disasters of the War of the Austrian Succession, the estates recognized the need to reform the state and granted ten years worth of taxes to the central government. Through a combination of incentives for families who sent their sons to school and punishments for those who did not, Austria under Joseph had a higher percentage of children in school than any other state in Europe. At the center of this was Frederick II himself, whose incredible energy, drive, and intelligence were more than equal to what all the ministers and rulers of any other state in Europe were capable of.

Keywords: [“state”,”government”,”more”]
Source: http://www.flowofhistory.com/units/west/15/FC101

The Golden Age And The End Of The World

A quick glance at close up pictures of the red planet reveal that it has been hit many, many times in its past. As our book ‘A Monument to the End of Time: Alchemy, Fulcanelli and the Great Cross’ reveals, our ancient ancestors had a much more sophisticated view of the stars and planets than they have ever been given credit. Starting in 1992 and ending in 2012, this event, that we are all currently living through, is nothing less than the end of time, and the world. We proved in the book that all of the western, and many eastern, traditions are deeply concerned with our present time period. Even Nostredamus spoke about this time as the most important time period of all. The forces of Set were nearly successful the last time a catastrophe hit our planet some 13,000 years ago. Why, we wondered, would they spend so much time trying to reinvigorate the many sacred sites around the world? It was one thing to attempt to re-educate the refugees and to teach them how to care for themselves and each other. Why spend your time and effort on re-invigorating ancient beliefs that certain parts of the planet held a spiritual power? It didn’t make any sense. They still spoke of the ‘end times’ and Satan as the ruler of the world. We wondered how anyone could have been able to predict the future in the way that John boldly tries? As our book points out the Cross at Hendaye is predicting that the end of the world will begin on the autumn equinox 2002 and end on the winter solstice 2012, a little over 10 years later. Only they will understand the final message of the end of time and prepare themselves for it. This could possibly be the same star as the Hopi suggest will appear before the end of time.

Keywords: [“Time”,”book”,”planet”]
Source: http://rense.com/general8/ev.htm

JR Test Site News for 01-22-2018

Did the Enlightenment cause a global decline in violence?

Has the modern age seen a widespread decline in violence due to an awakening of western thought and culture in the 17th and 18th centuries? The author and neurobiologist Steven Pinker famously argued exactly that in his celebration of the Enlightment, The Better Angels of our Nature. There has not so much been a decline in violence as a rise in squeamishness. It’s easier to feel less squeamish when the regime’s victims are spirited away to gulags or concentration camps, or when incendiary or nuclear bombs can be dropped from 30,000 feet at the push of a button. If there is a decline in violence, it is due to Christianity. The first condemnation of slavery as an institution in all of recorded history was made by the Catholic bishop and Church Father Gregory of Nyssa, in strikingly “Squeamish” terms, exhorting his congregation to see in their slaves the same image of God that dwells in them, and to free them. If the Enlightenment did anything, it was only to accelerate a process that had been ongoing for centuries. The modern age doesn’t look so hot when you count abortion. Abortion is a typical “Squeamish” issue, where mere squeamishness leads us astray. It’s harder to get squeamish about a “Clump of cells” than a live baby, even though there is no conceptual difference between the two. If abortions are counted as homicides then the modern age sure doesn’t look so hot. The one true sleight-of-hand practiced by Steven Pinker in his account of the decline of violence is that he tries to erase the inherently modern phenomenon of totalitarianism from the legacy of the Enlightenment, so that they don’t get put on the Enlightenment’s balance sheet. Totalitarianism is an inherently modern phenomenon that would have been impossible without the Enlightenment. Late 18th century French society got squeamish about the public torture of Jean-François Damiens – and just a few decades later, they used the hygienic innovation of the guillotine to murder people in the name of Enlightenment values on a scale that would have been unthinkable in the Ancien Régime. The modern age included a laudable squeamishness against tyranny, but it also included a nice dose of utopian hubris, and the special horrors of the modern age are incomprehensible without this Enlightenment idea. The Enlightenment is a glorious thing, but it is also a dangerous thing – it must always be rescued from itself.

Keywords: [“squeamish”,”modern”,”Enlightenment”]
Source: http://theweek.com/articles/545429/did-enlightenment-cause-global-decline…

Antiwork: Bureaucracy, Not Capitalism, Is Crushing Your Soul Through Jobs

Antiwork conservatives must hide their sentiments the most when among other conservatives because antiwork – or at least, a movement for the lessening of work and improvement of the existential experience of work – clashes with the “Work hard, pray hard” mentality of mainstream conservatives. Joe Average Conservative looks at the world, sees a ruin, and so decides that the only way he can feel good about himself and his society is to argue to himself that if he just does the right thing, eventually there will be a mass awakening and people will mass convert to his values. Nearly one in five workers – a share the study calls “Disturbingly high” – say they face a hostile or threatening environment at work, which can include sexual harassment and bullying. Workers who have to face customers endure a disproportionate share of abuse. Telecommuting is rare: 78% say they are required to be present in their workplace during working hours. About half say they work on their own time to meet the demands of their job. In other words, people are getting demolished by their jobs. A conservative approach to work would have one guiding rule: efficiency. It would do this because in the conservative goal, hard work is a useful pursuit if it is also useful work, as otherwise it is a conceit, fetish or excuse. Most people are strangers to themselves, having been distracted or occupied since a young age, and have no idea why they do anything they do. Without those, the plants grow stunted and exhausted, much like the people who trudge through life like zombies, irate at any deviation from the norm because they are barely able to handle that and any variation threatens their fragile stability. Work shows us that as any organization gets large enough, it succumbs to The Human Problem, which is that over time any group becomes inverted in purpose as it changes itself to accommodate the wider and less selective group that it requires to grow. This is why managers pump up their statistics and then move on to new jobs, leaving a mess behind when the deception is uncovered, and why most workers are diligent about going through the motions but lazy about qualitative concerns and detail management. The Human Problem shows us that no matter what “System” we employ, if we do not create a hierarchy of the best people, purpose becomes inverted. In our current world of work, there are many problems.

Keywords: [“work”,”people”,”time”]
Source: http://www.amerika.org/…/antiwork-bureaucracy-not-capitalism-is-crushing…

JR Test Site News for 01-20-2018

After Technology Destroys Capitalism

I humbly suggest that he’s thinking much too small, and that the 21st century will be far too transformative to be contained within the worn and shabby walls of capitalism. I don’t think it’s possible for anyone to have traveled across as much of the developing world as I have without being convinced of the enormous benefits of technology-powered capitalism and/or capitalism-powered technology, which have made billions of lives around the globe immensely better over just the last few decades. What if today’s technology is beginning to finally make better alternatives possiblebut just as clean tech is being thwarted by the trillions of dollars previously sunk into fossil-fuel infrastructure, our collective investment in capitalism itself is forestalling superior post-capitalist alternatives? Replace “Ownership” with “Capitalism” up above – and I would argue the line is fine – and I submit you wind up with an awfully similar conclusion. Similarly: “We are beginning to witness a paradox at the heart of capitalism enables an emerging collaborative commons to flourish alongside the capitalist market,” argues Jeremy Rifkin in the New York Times. If and when we get there capitalism will be replaced with what, exactly? A centralized command economy? God, no. I’ve been arguing for some time now that the combination of new technology and old capitalism will soon drastically worsen inequality. Net human happiness should be vastly increased, not decreased, by this process – but capitalism doesn’t work that way. Even titans of capitalism and tech leaders increasingly agree. Now, thanks in large part to Piketty, capitalism itself has become suspect, too. “Capitalism simply isn’t workingthe gap between rich and poor threatens to destroy us,” laments The Guardian, which also notes that the last five years in the UK have been “The longest period of falling real incomes in two generations.” It’s fair to say that both technology and capitalism – which, remember, between them brought us much if not most of whatever progress we’ve made as a species over the last two centuries – are now being blamed in tandem for economic stagnation, inequality, and unfairness across the developing world. What happens in a world, or at least a nation, where most of the population lives semi-comfortably off a basic income, supplemented by occasional temporary gigs, thanks to the economic output of tomorrow’s technology; a small middle class works at the diminishing number of jobs which can’t be handled by technology; and a smaller-yet minority of the ultra-rich actually design the tech, and/or live off their inheritances a la Piketty? Call it a “low-scarcity” future, as opposed to the full-on Singularitarian “post-scarcity” future. If this is so, then Paul Graham’s tweet up above is true but doesn’t go far enough; capitalism itself will be viewed as a crude but useful hack – albeit one with a whole lot of nasty side effects – which ultimately paved the way to a more enlightened system. Because will any reputation economy reward the lords of capitalism? Somehow, today, with the occasional rare exception, that seems unlikely.

Keywords: [“capitalism”,”technology”,”time”]
Source: https://techcrunch.com/2014/05/03/after-technology-destroys-capitalism

Free market

In economics, a free market is an idealized system in which the prices for goods and services are determined by the open market and consumers, in which the laws and forces of supply and demand are free from any intervention by a government, price-setting monopoly, or other authority. Proponents of the concept of free market contrast it with a regulated market, in which a government intervenes in supply and demand through various methods such as tariffs used to restrict trade and protect the economy. In scholarly debates, the concept of a free market is contrasted with the concept of a coordinated market in fields of study such as political economy, new institutional economics, economic sociology, and political science. Although free markets are commonly associated with capitalism within a market economy in contemporary usage and popular culture, free markets have also been advocated by free-market anarchists, market socialists, and some proponents of cooperatives and advocates of profit sharing. These proposals ranged from various forms of worker cooperatives operating in a free market economy, such as the Mutualist system proposed by Proudhon, to state-owned enterprises operating in unregulated and open markets. As explained above, for classical economists such as Adam Smith the term “Free market” does not necessarily refer to a market free from government interference, but rather free from all forms of economic privilege, monopolies, and artificial scarcities. In a free market, individuals and firms taking part in these transactions have the liberty to enter, leave and participate in the market as they so choose. Advocates of the free market contend that government intervention hampers economic growth by disrupting the natural allocation of resources according to supply and demand, while critics of the free market contend that government intervention is sometimes necessary to protect a country’s economy from better-developed and more influential economies, while providing the stability necessary for wise long-term investment. Among these assumptions are several which are impossible to fully achieve in a real market, such as complete information, interchangeable goods and services, and lack of market power. A free market does not require the existence of competition, however it does require a framework that allows new market entrants. These free market principles are what helped America transition to a free market economy. While its supporters argue that only a free market can create healthy competition and therefore more business and reasonable prices, opponents say that a free market in its purest form may result in the opposite. Critics of free market economics range from those who reject markets entirely in favour of a planned economy as advocated by various Marxists, to those who wish to see market failures regulated to various degrees or supplemented by government interventions. Furthermore only one known example of a true free market exists, and that is the Black Market. Democracy cannot survive an excessively free market; and containing the market is the task of politics.

Keywords: [“market”,”free”,”price”]
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_market

JR Test Site News for 01-17-2018

A Buddhist ‘s Call for a Middle Way in Politics

Shortly into giving a poetry reading to a new audience, I sometimes find myself saying-when I’m talking about calm-that I’m a Buddhist. Just as right action makes Buddhists deplore sexual predators, right speech helps to explain why Buddhists detest lies from the president or from Democrats, as well as detest the whole concept of beliefs masked as “Alternate facts.” Name-calling, insults, hypocrisy, gossip are an anathema. Of course my beliefs and actions aren’t those of all Buddhists. A popular stereotype of Buddhists has us all sitting calmly, with equilibrium and some might say with smugness, under Bodhi trees, small flowers in our hands as we vaguely smile at the ins and outs of politics. Another stereotype is of the Buddhist martyr monk, he who so believes in peace that he burns himself to death in a public place. Buddhists worldwide can be just as varied in their politics and political actions and inactions as Christians, Jews, Muslims, Hindus, and those of other religions and philosophies can be varied in theirs. Still, most American Buddhists are both left-leaning Democrat moderates or moderate-to-liberal Republicans whose tendency is to tamp things down, to go easy on or to not go along at all with inflammatory rhetoric accompanied by clever ad hominem. Such tamping is a main reason I feel myself grateful for being a Buddhist-more specifically identifying myself in contemporary America as a Zen Buddhist. As they struggle to fill gaps in the 24-hour news cycle, journalists are being conned, bullied, coerced, or flattered into presenting gossip, speculation, and rumor as a kind of “News” that could be termed “Enternews,” short for how entertainment and news in our era of mass media have melded into each other, interchangeable in a way the nation has not experienced since the turn-of-the-19th-century days of yellow journalism. At such a time, Buddhist practices of meditation and mindfulness have become a draw for a battered electorate who regard them as great aids in reducing stress and anxiety. Gaining perspective from meditation encourages the Buddhist acknowledgment of change and impermanence as the primary roots of life rather than stasis or the attempt to keep things as they are or were. Buddhists will recognize that desire and greed are root causes for the human condition of constant suffering. Should you ask a Buddhist for advice on how to cope in these days, how to remain calm, he or she may well advise Americans to turn our attention to other things. Resist answering the phone and/or obsessively moving from one website to another website: the New York Times, Fox News, Washington Times, Wall Street Journal, Los Angeles Times, Washington Post, CNN, USA Today, Chicago Tribune, Boston Globe, Christian Science Monitor…. Do we really need all this information? These constantly changing opinions? These new revelations? This new bid to get us involved, involved, involved? Here’s Buddhist-influenced Henry David Thoreau in Walden. The Buddhist perspective may turn us, for a few hours a day at least, toward things which may or should matter as much or more than politics.

Keywords: [“Buddhist”,”new”,”time”]
Source: https://tricycle.org/trikedaily/buddhist-republican-politics/

Steve Bannon’s Post White House Agenda is a Crusade for Ethnocentric Populism

Last Friday, President Trump’s controversial and besieged chief strategist Steve Bannon left the White House, ending seven months as the unabashed driver of the president’s populist agenda. During his return to Breitbart, Bannon announced that the Trump presidency was “Over,” but that he planned to advance his populist agenda and go “To war for Trump against his opponents- on Capitol Hill, in the media, and in corporate America.” At the center of Bannon’s populism is what he calls the “Crisis.” surrounding western Judeo-Christian culture, one that is caused by several distinct forces. According to Bannon, the first threat to Judeo-Christian culture is the ideological advancement of Islamic fascism. In his 2014 speech, Bannon stated that during the twentieth century the West used “Enlightened capitalism” to generate large amounts of wealth, and take back Europe by defeating the “Barbaric empire of the Far East.” In addition to providing territorial gains, Bannon explained that “Enlightened capitalism” offered a humane and equitable form of wealth exchange. The emergence of state sponsored and commodity driven capitalism, says Bannon, has denigrated Judeo-Christian economics- a system that empowers its chosen people through “Divine providence” to be “The creators of wealth”- in favor of a small percentage of wealthy elites. Based on these existential threats to Judeo-Christian culture, Bannon has put his populist ideology into practice- taking aim at destroying Islamism and the elite institutions that threaten the Judeo-Christian way of life. As a member of President Trump’s staff, Bannon lobbied for the Muslim travel ban, and loudly voiced his desire to destroy the ‘administrative state. Just months into the Trump administration, Bannon told the New York Times that the media should “Shut up” and was the “Opposition party.” As he left the White House, Bannon referred to himself as “Bannon the Barbarian” and vowed to “Crush the opposition.” Even more disconcerting is the ethnocentric basis for Bannon’s populist message. Throughout his 2014 speech, Bannon lamented the destruction of Judeo-Christian values, and vowed to restore the culture to its previous state of prosperity. As a result, Bannon’s populism aligns with the ethno-nationalist trend, witnessed in Charlottesville, that is emerging in the US. By denouncing the ‘mitigating forces’ against Judeo-Christians, such as globalism and Islam, Bannon has created an ‘us against them’ narrative- designating Judeo-Christians as the embattled true holders of world enlightenment. It is within Bannon’s message, and his ethnocentric howl for revolution, that we find the danger in his populist ideology. Bannon’s sense of populism already contributes to poverty-based racial conflicts, like the one seen in Charlottesville, that are angry expressions of financial destitution manifested as ground-level ethnic conflicts. Though Bannon no longer holds a position in the Trump administration, his media platform with Breitbart News provides a wide audience for his message.

Keywords: [“Bannon”,”Judeo-Christian”,”Trump”]
Source: https://intpolicydigest.org/2017/08/25/steve-bannon-s-post-white-house-agenda-crusade-ethnocentric-populism/

JR Test Site News for 01-11-2018

Software Testing Automation Framework

Welcome to STAF. The Software Testing Automation Framework is an open source, multi-platform, multi-language framework designed around the idea of reusable components, called services. STAF removes the tedium of building an automation infrastructure, thus enabling you to focus on building your automation solution. The STAF framework provides the foundation upon which to build higher level solutions, and provides a pluggable approach supported across a large variety of platforms and languages. STAF can be leveraged to help solve common industry problems, such as more frequent product cycles, less preparation time, reduced testing time, more platform choices, more programming language choices, and increased National Language requirements. STAF can help in these areas since it is a proven and mature technology, promotes automation and reuse, has broad platform and language support, and provides a common infrastructure across teams. STAX builds on top of three existing technologies, STAF, XML, and Python, to place great automation power in the hands of testers. Some of the main features of STAX are: support for parallel execution, user-defined granularity of execution control, support for nested testcases, the ability to control the length of execution time, the ability to import modules at run-time, support for existing Python and Java modules and packages, and the ability to extend both the STAX language as well as the STAX monitoring application. Using these capabilities, you can build sophisticated scripts to automate your entire test environment, while ensuring maximum efficiency and control. Other STAF services are also provided to help you to create an end-to-end automation solution. By using these services in your test cases and automated solutions, you can develop more robust, dynamic test cases and test environments. We encourage the community to post patches, new features, new STAF services, etc. These are also good places to search for answers to questions, in addition to the FAQ, STAF User Guide, STAX User Guide, and other documentation. Then they ran an article containing the ones most often mentioned and their readers said STAF was one of the most important open-source applications. This slide is about STAF. Also, SDTimes.com ran an article on July 22, 2008 that put STAF at the top of its list of open source tools for Automated Testing. April 21, 2006: End of service for all STAF V2 releases.

Keywords: [“STAF”,”test”,”STAX”]
Source: http://staf.sourceforge.net/

Software Testing I Courses I Training I SoftEd

The world of technology has advanced quickly in a relatively short period of time. In an ideal world, software would run smoothly at all times, but software is fallible; too often it breaks or doesn’t do what it is supposed to do. The only way to prevent such software failures from occurring is to conduct proper, rigorous testing. Because of this, software testing is an integral part of the software development lifecycle. More than just finding defects, it determines that the solution is fit for purpose, provides an objective view of the software and an appreciation for the risks associated with implementation. Given the scale and visibility of the software we work with, it can be the difference between on time, on budget delivery and a blow-out of cost, time – or worse yet – reputation. We offer a complete curriculum with software testing courses aimed at helping testers deliver improved software quality. Our testing capability is bolstered by Disqover, our dedicated testing division in Melbourne – a renowned specialist software testing training company. What sets us apart is our determination to make the software testing experience comprehensive, interactive and inspiring. Through our practical programs, many of which are ISTQB accredited, we can assist you with your journey to improve software quality.

Keywords: [“software”,”testing”,”time”]
Source: https://www.softed.com/courses/software-testing/

Software Testing Training Institute

QSpiders is the world’s ace software testing training organization with an aim to bridge the gap between the demands of the industry and the curriculum of educational institutions. With centers across India, the institute is a platform where young minds are given the opportunity to build successful careers. “QSpiders is a place where businesses find talent and dreams take flight.”

Keywords: [“QSpiders”,”where”]
Source: http://www.qspiders.com/

Definition from WhatIs.com

Software testing is a method of assessing the functionality of a software program. There are many different types of software testing but the two main categories are dynamic testing and static testing. Dynamic testing is an assessment that is conducted while the program is executed; static testing, on the other hand, is an examination of the program’s code and associated documentation.

Keywords: [“testing”,”Software”,”program”]
Source: http://whatis.techtarget.com/definition/software-testing

Software Testing

How to think about the different elements of software testing. How to find parts of a program that need more testing. How to automatically generate test cases that break code in unexpected ways. How to engineer a sophisticated random test case generator. How to deal with lots of bugs, how to take a big input that triggers a bug and make it smaller, how to report a bug, and more!

Keywords: [“How”,”test”,”bug”]
Source: https://www.udacity.com/course/software-testing–cs258

Software Testing

Links to all kind of software testing material: load, unit, functional, integration, acceptance, etc. No direct or indirect promotion for commercial software testing tool, services, training or other commercial software testing related items. You can occasionally post you own content, but frequent postings only from the same source will be removed and author will be banned.

Keywords: [“software”,”testing”,”commercial”]
Source: https://www.reddit.com/r/softwaretesting/

JR Test Site News for 12-28-2017

Software QA Testing and Test Automation Services

For an inside look at what this is really going to be like, we asked Phuoc Nguyen, software testing engineer at LogiGear, about the company’s recent experience testing an AI/IoT product from gaming company Anki. Is this your first serious foray into an AI/IoT testing process? What lessons can you share for other companies struggling to test these cutting-edge technologies? Phuoc Nguyen: We have completed testing for other clients’ embedded systems, but this is our first serious foray into the AI/IoT testing process. Nguyen: Stochastic testing is a technique where a tester randomly tests applications to find problems. We’ve talked about the IoT testing process, so what about exploratory testing and AI? Everyone is wondering how to get their hands around AI testing. While testing, we took notes and recorded the actual test, so when the bugs occurred, we checked our recording to find the cause of failure. How long did the IoT testing process take, and do you have an idea of how many tests total were run? There are no written test cases for the above test types since they are techniques that are based on the experience of each tester to test the system. One certainty is that we often write test cases for test types called functional testing and smoke testing in which we apply the test case design techniques, such as equivalent partitioning, boundary analysis, constraint analysis, state transition and condition combination, to design test cases. Until now, the total number of test cases for the three games we tested is around 8,000 test cases. We combined all type tests, such as exploratory testing/ad-hoc testing, error guessing, stochastic testing, functional testing and smoke testing, during the testing phase to make sure we had maximum test coverage. Nguyen: Test automation is using computer time to execute tests. There are a lot of benefits of test automation, such as running the automated tests unattended, reliable repetitive testing, increasing speed in test execution, improving quality and increasing test coverage, reducing costs and time for regression testing, execution of tests that can’t be done manually, performance testing to assess software stability, concurrency, scalability, etc. We cannot apply automation testing for AI since it is just useful for stable systems with written test cases. In our current project for Anki, we applied automation testing, which helped the team free up time.

Keywords: [“Test”,”car”,”time”]
Source: http://www.logigear.com

5 Software Testing Trends To Follow In 2016

We have already faced a vast demand for software testing automation, which will be relevant more than ever in 2016. The proportion of IT resources spent on testing in 2018 is predicted to increase by 40%. The automated test cases have risen up to a 45% increase. The testing services need to become more efficient as we see not only an increase in the testing budget but also in market needs and demands. Both programmers and software testers must be involved in testing process and software development accordingly. Agile testing practices directly respond to new challenges dictated by technological progress, such as speed, interaction and high quality, and to new technology in software testing. From the last year stats, we see a great a shift of up to 33% from traditional testing to security testing. When it comes to testing, there is still a lack of consistent methodology and tools for mobile testing. The development of mobile apps takes relatively less time compared to websites and web applications, which make it a challenging task for software testers to stick to deadlines and perform regression testing. Voice applications like Siri and Google Now bring testing to a new level of complexity as it is not easy to test different voices and accents. More and more manual testers start to code and move to automation software testing. Test automation is an integral part of testing lifecycle despite many challenges: lack of professional automated tools for developers, not enough qualified automation testing engineers, etc. Automation testing will not be anymore considered as a second activity after manual testing, but an effective solution helping to avoid routine testing and focus on more complex test scenarios. Here are just a few final tips for your company to focus on in 2016:.refocus quality assurance on customer experience;transform your current QA processes into the ones that correspond to Agile and DevOps practices, if you haven’t done so yet;improve manual testing by reducing time-to-market;security automated testing is a top priority;move to continuous testing to meet shorter deadlines;constantly expand your testing skills by improving your skills in test automation. Comparing with the last year, we have witnessed a shift to security testing and rapid development of automation testing. What are your predictions, will these software testing industry trends stay relevant?

Keywords: [“test”,”more”,”automation”]
Source: https://www.romexsoft.com/blog/software-testing-trends-2016

Hardware & Software Testing Labs

Are you preparing to release a new computer product? NTS can exercise your product’s functionality throughout the entire development cycle – alpha, beta and/or golden master phases of development. NTS can start by developing comprehensive test plans and detailed test methodologies or you can supply us with a specific test plan to execute on your behalf. Functionality testing can be performed on hardware or software products to verify that your product functions exactly as designed. The general purpose of hardware and software functionality testing is to verify if the product performs as expected and documented, typically in technical or functional specifications. Developers creating a new product start from a functional specification, which describes the product’s capabilities and limitations. This type of testing is beneficial to product developers who are creating a new product or an existing product which has undergone significant enhancements or changes in capabilities. Compatibility testing is performed to make sure your product functions in its targeted use environment. Often vendors also refer to compatibility testing as interoperability testing – either term refers to making sure your product functions correctly with other products in the “Real world” when released. Performance testing validates that your product functions acceptably for the market in which you are releasing your product. Usability testing is performed to provide an independent analysis of a product in terms of how easy or difficult it is to use. Automation testing allows you to perform repetitive testing quickly and easily by scripting your product with one of many different industry tools. Competitive analysis testing compares your product to similar products already in the market place. In particular, we have extensive experience in the development of test harnesses(hardware + software combinations) which can be used for pre-testing and development of products. NTS has developed several custom solutions to validate both the ZigBee Platform along with a hardware/software solution for ZigBee Smart Energy certification (NTS ZigBee Smart Energy Test Harness aka NTS SETest, ZigBee Home Automation certification (NTS ZigBee Home Automation Test Harness aka NTS-AT HATest, etc. We have all of the skills, equipment, tools, and knowledge necessary to help you develop a tool for your testing or certification program.

Keywords: [“test”,”product”,”NTS”]
Source: https://www.nts.com/services/hardware_software