J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-12-2018

The Basics of Trickle-down Economics

­Now that we have an idea of how the idea came about, let’s try to put all the pieces together to understand trickle-down economics as a whole. Tax breaks improve tax revenues, and according to Laffer’s curve, they also boost production. Giving tax breaks to the wealthy stands as a policy meant to improve the overall health of the economy. Opponents of this economic theory tend to believe that politicians who support it are in the pockets of wealthy businessmen. They often summarize trickle-down economics to something resembling Will Rogers’ definition: The policy of giving breaks to the rich first and hoping the benefits will eventually make their way to the working classes. 

Proponents of trickle-down economics object to this evaluation, calling it not just an oversimplification but a misinterpretation of what they hypothesize will happen. Thomas Sowell, an ardent supporter of trickle-down theory, argues that the popular definition gets it backward. Instead of benefiting the wealthy first, the policy actually benefits the working class first. This may sound impossible – after all, it’s the wealthy who get the tax breaks, not the poor. These wealthy investors must pay workers, thus creating jobs, before they can expect to see any profits. 

It’s the workers who receive the most immediate relief. ­While it might­ be true that some wealthy members of society seek tax breaks for self-serving purposes and might even bribe politicians into voting for these policies, trickle-down economists would consider this irrelevant to the question of whether the theory works for everyone. 

Keywords: [“wealthy”,”trickle-down”,”work”]
Source: https://money.howstuffworks.com/trickle-down-economics3.htm

An Overview of Major Frameworks

Much of what we know about societies, relationships, and social behavior has emerged thanks to various sociology theories. Some theories have fallen out of favor, while others remain widely accepted, but all have contributed tremendously to our understanding of society, relationships, and social behavior. Updated by Nicki Lisa Cole, Ph.D. The symbolic interaction perspective, also called symbolic interactionism, is a major framework of ​sociology theory. Feminist theory is one of the major contemporary sociological theories, which analyzes the status of women and men in society with the purpose of using that knowledge to better women’s lives. 

Critical Theory is a type of theory that aims to critique society, social structures, and systems of power, and to foster egalitarian social change. Social learning theory is a theory that attempts to explain socialization and its effect on the development of the self. Game theory is a theory of social interaction, which attempts to explain the interaction people have with one another. As the name of the theory suggests, game theory sees human interaction as just that: a game. Sociobiology is the application of evolutionary theory to social behavior. 

Social exchange theory interprets society as a series of interactions that are based on estimates of rewards and punishments. Chaos theory is a field of study in mathematics it has applications in several disciplines, including sociology and other social sciences. In the social sciences, chaos theory is the study of complex nonlinear systems of social complexity. 

Keywords: [“theory”,”social”,”society”]
Source: https://www.thoughtco.com/sociology-research-and-statistics-s2-3026650

Politically Incorrect: War, slaughter, and patriarchy should have ended in the cradle.

Before the Armory came into being, I was publishing Notes on my Facebook profile which I called political grenades, weapons to be wielded in the war for animal rights. In addition to regular articles, the Armory has begun publishing Politically Incorrect, an ongoing, daily stream of grenades that I hope will be shared extensively. Most will be provocative, all will be irreverent, many seditious, and each will be designed to hit people upside the head. The purpose of the Armory is to challenge people to think, to question what they believe, to weigh what they value. Its mission is to radicalize the animal movement and to advocate for socialist revolution. 

If you are a comrade you owe it to the animals to share the Armory far and wide. I am unaware of any other blog with the Armory’s mission of radicalizing the animal movement. If you know of other blogs dedicated to animal rights and the defeat of capitalism, please comment with a link. Be sure to follow the Armory and share it with your Facebook friends and email contacts, as well as on Twitter, Google, and all other social media platforms. Natasha Sainsbury, of Good Karma Graphic Design, has joined Armory of the Revolution as Editor, and is responsible for the transformation of the blog’s appearance. 

If you are not already subscribed to the Armory, please do so before you leave. Be sure to visit Armory of the Revolution’s new commissary and bookstore: The Supply Depot. You will find recommended reading on Animal Rights, revolutionary theory, politics, economics, religion, science, and atheism. 

Keywords: [“Armory”,”animal”,”right”]
Source: https://armoryoftherevolution.wordpress.com/2018/05/27/politically…

The Benjamin Franklin Tercentenary

Franklin didn’t patent any of his inventions or scientific discoveries, since he believed that everyone should be able to freely benefit from scientific progress. Despite his later fame as a scientist and diplomat, Franklin actually thought of himself first and foremost as a printer, all the way up to the end of his life. Printing is an industry with high capitalization costs, so Franklin needed support to get set up on his own. In his autobiography, Franklin noted that he often worked past 11pm to get a job done, and that if necessary, he would stay overnight to redo it. At the age of thirty, by which time his Pennsylvania Gazette was the most widely read newspaper in the colonies, Franklin campaigned to be made clerk of the Pennsylvania Assembly. 

Franklin took risks, but only very calculated risks. Franklin published all these types of material, but when his calculations convinced him that his investment in more daring ventures would be returned, he was prepared to take the risk. Franklin came up with solutions that turned potential problems into silver linings. Rather than risk one of his journeymen finding the backing to become a local competitor, Franklin came up with a basic franchising idea. Having tackled supply, Franklin moved on to distribution, spending years lobbying for the top post office job in the colonies. 

Franklin came up with America’s first political cartoon, and printed Pamela, the first novel published in the colonies. Franklin identified unmet demands, created an awareness of them, and then often stepped forward to fill them. 

Keywords: [“Franklin”,”print”,”way”]
Source: http://www.benfranklin300.org/etc_article_entrepreneur.htm

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 08-10-2018

Cannabis Capitalism Radio: CBD, Hemp, Flower–What makes up the Industry?

Karen Rands is taking the Compassionate Capitalist Radio Show into new territory to share with her listeners the economic impact of the growing trend legalizing various forms of Cannabis. In this segment of the Cannabis Capitalism Radio, Karen Rands will talk with Michael Patterson on the various types of raw materials that make up the Cannabis Industry, and how they are commercialized. Before there was legalization of Cannabis for medicinal and recreational use, there were elements and variations of the Cannabis Plant that were legal and already being commercialized for many different consumer and industrial uses. Michael is a recognized expert in the industry in the commercialization of Hemp. You may be surprised that Hemp has been cultivated to replace fossil fuels in many derivative products. 

Listen to this segment to learn how and what the future may hold when it comes to the various products derived from Cannabis. Michael Patterson is the CEO of US Cannabis Pharmaceutical Research and Development LLC, a privately-held developmental consulting firm which was established in 2014 with a mission of moving society forward through legalized cannabis. US Cannabis develops the legal cannabis/hemp market across all platforms. Karen Rands is the Founder of Kugarand Capital Holdings, a full service advisory firm to entrepreneurs seeking to launch and grow their businesses with insight on best practices and access to capital. She is the best selling author of Inside Secrets to Angel Investing and is leading the Compassionate Capitalist Movement–with the goal to increase participation in private investment in entrepreneurism. 

Keywords: [“Cannabis”,”Karen”,”various”]
Source: https://www.karenrands.co/cannabis-capitalism-radio-cbd-hemp…

San Jose State University

Steinbeck uses the land to ground his characters’ sense of self. The land gives them an identity, a past and a future. Steinbeck depicts the land as having a soul, and performing manual labor on that land provides a deeper understanding of life. The farmers derive wisdom from the land; it helps with their thought processes and decision making. The heartlessness of tractors and the detachment of landowners disrupt the farmers’ connection to the land. 

This theme has roots in American romanticism, as intellectuals like Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau explored how land ownership and hard work equate to independence. The industrial economy adversely affects the farmers, forcing the banks, portrayed as monsters, to foreclose on unprofitable land. For the farmers, modernization not only alters their way of life, but also their romantic attachment to the land. While the state does not suffer the same weather-related problems as Oklahoma, industrial agriculture has resulted in only a select few owning land, leaving smaller farmers displaced and migrants expecting work. In both cases, industrial agriculture challenges the Jeffersonian view of the hard-working, noble farmer as a romantic American figure; the new owners have no emotional connection to the land, regarding it only through paper or plunder. 

As small farmers lost their land to larger operations and owners grew scarcer, workers were imported, abused, and forced to work on credit, sometimes even owing money to their employer. The men who own the land there hold the power, and attempt to control supply and demand so that they can get away with paying poor wages. 

Keywords: [“land”,”farms”,”work”]
Source: http://sits.sjsu.edu/curriculum-resources/the-grapes-of-wrath/major-themes

Baylor Scott & White Health

As the largest not-for-profit​ healthcare system in Texas and one of the largest in the United States, Baylor Scott & White Health was born from the 2013 combination of Baylor Health Care System and Scott & White Healthcare. Today, Baylor Scott & White includes 48 hospitals, more than 800 patient care sites, more than 7,800 active physicians, over 47,000 employees and the Scott White Health Plan.Our Strategy. Healthcare is changing, and at Baylor Scott & White, we are changing it for the better. The visual representation of our System Strategy is called Our Core. Founded as a Christian ministry of healing, Baylor Scott & White Health promotes the well-being of all individuals, families and communities. 

To be the trusted leader, educator and innovator in value-based care delivery, customer experience and affordability. Our Strategies Health – Transform into an integrated network that ambitiously and consistently provides exceptional quality care. Members of the Baylor Scott & White family bring hope and smiles to patients and their families every day. We’​ve begun a tradition of collecting their stories of hope, healing and caring to share and inspire others to lead lives of service and compassion. At Baylor Scott & White, we celebrate the diversity of people-their backgrounds, ethnicities, traditions and beliefs. 

Behind the strong reputation of Baylor Scott & White and its longstanding commitment to the community are caring leaders. Baylor Scott & White provides full-range, inpatient, outpatient, rehabilitation and emergency medical services through 48 hospitals and more than 800 patient access points. 

Keywords: [“Scott”,”White”,”Baylor”]
Source: https://www.bswhealth.com/about

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Keywords: [“Download”,”pdf”,”access”]
Source: http://www.kabulfun.com/i-m-here-compassionate-communication-in-patient…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 07-31-2018

Video: Robert Reich on ‘Inequality for All’

With which you can emotionally connect with people and open people’s minds and eyes and hearts. On this issue of widening inequality there’s so much confusion, many people if they’re, you know, if they’re rightwing, they want to blame the poor, if they’re leftwing they want to blame the rich. One way of looking at and measuring inequality is to look at the earnings of people at the top versus the earnings of the typical worker in the middle. ROBERT REICH: Both about what looked like a fundamentally unfair subsidy going from everybody, taxpayers, to mostly the top one percent, that is the people on Wall Street who had blown it. Because you see very wealthy people, not everyone, but many very wealthy people and many big corporations use their money to buy rules that favor their positioning. 

I think again, it’s important to bear in mind that some inequality is necessary if we’re going to have a capitalist system that creates incentives for people to work hard and to invent and to try very hard. I would say people who self-identify as middle class extend from people who are earning around $25,000 a year to people who are earning well, in major cities, expensive cities like New York or San Francisco, a lot of people call themselves middle class who are earning $200,000 a year because the cost of living is so high. BILL MOYERS: Speaking of real people, we began this series last year with three broadcasts on inequality. ROBERT REICH: We’ve got to a point where money is so powerful a force in politics and in the media, that attention is paid mostly to people who are wealthy or upper middle class. ROBERT REICH: It’s a petition to the CEOs of Walmart and McDonald’s as the exemplars in these two big, big sectors of the economy, employing huge numbers of people to raise their wages to $15 an hour. 

ROBERT REICH: As an engine of prosperity for most people. JACOB KORNBLUTH: There’s a lot of people who made a lot of money who think this widening economic inequality is bad for them and it’s bad for the economy. 

Keywords: [“People”,”work”,”BILL”]
Source: https://billmoyers.com/episode/full-show-inequality-for-all

A Different View of the Homeless

In a rather depressing cartoon, a rotund, wealthy man walking up a New York avenue comes across three homeless people, each staking out a different street corner. The wealthy man continues past him up the avenue and meets the third homeless man. After walking a few more blocks, he turns another corner and runs directly into the three homeless men standing together. The younger of the monks looked long at the homeless man, who was obviously in distress and need. In addition to affirmation and acceptance, the homeless poor desperately need a sense of home, that is, to actually have a home, even a room, which they can enter, close the door to, and live in peace. 

Just as all of us thrive in the sanctuary of our own homes, the homeless need not just a shelter, a room in anothers house, but their own space. In Evanston, Illinois, north of Chicago, a forward-looking faith community called Lake Street Church is trying to address the needs of the homeless. When we are separated from all the goods of this world, we are no different from our homeless brothers and sisters. The homeless poor are everywhere on the subcontinent, and I noticed in the vast majority of them that, though destitute and possessing nothing, they were happy and serene beyond comprehension, a serenity connected with their faith, not their poverty! They taught me that one needs very little to be happy, that happiness is a spiritual quality that has absolutely nothing to do with wealth and possessions. 

As long as we ignore the homeless or apply a Band-Aid solution to the symptoms of a much larger disorder in our world, the problem will grow and finally get out of control. Our leadership, particularly with respect to the homeless problem, needs a special kind of guidance, that of our spiritual communities themselves. As a monk, a mystic in the world, pursuing my spiritual practice each day, I have awakened to the horrible inequity in the sufferings of the homeless persons I have known for so long. 

Keywords: [“homeless”,”people”,”street”]
Source: http://www.grandtimes.com/A_Different_View.html


GOD IS CALLING HIS PEOPLE BACK HOME – TO ISRAEL – IN FULFILLMENT OF END TIMES PROPHECIES!1 God is beginning to call the Jewish people back to Israel, from all corners of the globe. Lately, Jews have been returning to Israel by the hundreds of thousands from the old U.S.S.R., again spurred by intense persecution. The lifestyle offered Jews here not only keeps American Jews here, it attracts Jews to migrate from Israel to America. Basically, Jews are returning to Israel from most points on the globe. For the purposes of our study, Kahane was an interesting person because he was urging American Jews to consider migrating to Israel, before the persecution he thought he saw on the American horizon came to fruition! 

Let us return now to this article, speaking of Shifra Hoffman. We want to focus on the assertion by Rabbi Kahane’s organization, that God has promised to the Jews all the land of Israel. God promised the land of Israel to Abraham and his descendents, but many people believe that His promise has been revoked, because of the Jew’s sins against Him, and especially, because of their sin in killing Jesus Christ. Second, the Bible also declares that God will restore Israel to her ancient land, after she has been out of it for many, many years. God will do all this for Israel, for the glory of His mighty name, which has been profaned for so many years. 

Again, we see that all the Jews are going to come back to Israel. In these verses, God is promising full reinstatement of the nation, to whom Jews from all over the world will flock to live! No longer will there be more Jews outside Israel than inside; no longer will there be any hint of a Diaspora. These borders include Lebanon, most of Jordan, a lot of Syria, and even some of Iraq! This coming war in the Middle East will probably accomplish this border enlargement, thus preparing the way for the fulfillment of the prophecies to bring all the Jews back to Israel. 

Keywords: [“ISRAEL”,”Jew”,”GOD”]
Source: http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1064.html

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 07-28-2018

The vegan movement split, and now the disruptor has the meat industry on high alert

The American vegan movement was always its own worst enemy. The vegan movement’s brain finally outgrew its heart, and in less than two decades the pragmatic vein of the movement has morphed into one of the biggest disruptors of the American food system. Friedrich leads The Good Food Institute, a lobbying shop in DC that represents the interests of meat-alternative food products; Shapiro helped mastermind a cage-free ballot initiative in Massachusetts that will reshape how food animals are produced across the country; Prescott has made inroads into major investment banks; Meier leads undercover investigation efforts to expose the poor living conditions of many farm animals; and Tetrick, who as a college student would travel from West Virginia to DC to hang out with the pragmatists, was a founder of Hampton Creek, the well-known eggless condiments company. By picking on farm animal production techniques that appeal to consumer emotions, the group forced companies with so-called factory farms into the difficult position of defending practices that can seem draconian. Voters who empathize with farm animals were much more likely to buy into Shapiro’s measure. 

If sales data show consumers care about animal welfare, Matthew Prescott can use-and has used-it to convince investment banks to pressure companies, such as McDonald’s, to change their practices. Companies such as Perfect Day, Beyond Meat, and Hampton Creek are developing meat and dairy products marketed as better for the environment and the animals. Despite the broad reach and proven efficacy of the vegan pragmatism, not everyone in the larger vegan movement is impressed. The 2001 split in the vegan movement was painful, leaving behind feelings of resentment that never healed. From the absolutist point-of-view, the pragmatists diminished the importance of fighting for animal lives by concentrating their energies on farm animal welfare. 

A commitment to reducing animal suffering, argues Gary Francione, a Rutgers University law professor, was an abdication of the bigger mission of freeing animals altogether. The absolutist tactics estrange the vegan movement from mainstream culture, the pragmatists argue. 

Keywords: [“animal”,”farm”,”movement”]
Source: https://qz.com/829956/how-the-vegan-movement-broke-out-of-its-echo…


Its primary mission is to emphasise the similarity and compatibility of the Buddhist teachings with those of Classical Marxism, and to assert that both systems of thought are motivated by compassion for the suffering of humanity, and emphasises a radical method of escape from that suffering. Buddhism and Marxism share a common philosophical grounding that is dynamic, ingenious, and transformative. Buddhism and Marxism arrive at exactly the same conclusions, but through diverse and yet complimentary pathways. The ancient Indian spiritual seeker Sakyamuni Buddha, and the modern German academic Karl Marx, were not only outstanding intellectuals of their day, but the powerful influence of their respective systems of thought has continued to influence world thinking into the post-modern period of human development. The BMA exists to provide free education about Buddhist and Marxist thought, and encourages and supports any individual or group who is endeavouring to better their understanding through the development of the mind. 

As a result of these changes in Asia, the Buddhist Sangha has led the way in making clear the fundamental compatibility of the Dharma with Marxist thought, and in so doing has made Communist education freely available to ordinary people. Through the Buddhist Sangha embracing Marxist-Leninism, Buddhism has become an important element in maintaining the stability of the Communist State. The BMA is of the opinion that many facets of Buddhism in the West have been corrupted and hijacked by the bourgeoisie, and used in its habit of continuously justifying predatory capitalism. The BMA firmly rejects this ‘pseudo-Buddhism’ and advises all the genuine seekers interested in the study of Buddhism, to find authentic teachers and reliable sources of information. Do not bring emotional or intellectual immaturity into this thought community. 

The bourgeois system claims to extol ‘freedom of thought’ – so exercise it. By all means, have your own thoughts and live your own life – but do not ‘infect’ this sacred psycho-physical space with bourgeois delusion, fetishism, and excess. 

Keywords: [“thought”,”Buddhist”,”BMA”]
Source: https://buddhistsocialism.weebly.com

The Real Reason for the Growing Gap Between Rich and Poor

The tasks most people used to do can now be done more cheaply by lower-paid workers abroad or by computer-driven machines. As a result, Americans pay more for broadband Internet, food, airline tickets and banking services than the citizens of any other advanced nation. Bankruptcy laws have been loosened for large corporations-airlines, automobile manufacturers, even casino magnates like Donald Trump-allowing them to leave workers and communities stranded. The largest banks and auto manufacturers were bailed out in 2008, shifting the risks of economic failure onto the backs of average working people and taxpayers. Today, nearly one out of every three working Americans is in a part-time job. 

The portion of workers with any pension connected to their job has fallen from just over half in 1979 to under 35 percent today. Fifty years ago, when General Motors was the largest employer in America, the typical GM worker, backed by a strong union, earned $35 an hour in today’s dollars. Now America’s largest employer is Wal-Mart, and the typical entry-level Wal-Mart worker, without a union, earns about $9 an hour. The underlying problem is not just globalization and technological changes that have made most American workers less competitive. The more basic problem is that the market itself has become tilted ever more in the direction of moneyed interests that have exerted disproportionate influence over it, while average workers have steadily lost bargaining power-both economic and political-to receive as large a portion of the economy’s gains as they commanded in the first three decades after World War II. 

Reversing the scourge of widening inequality requires reversing the upward pre-distributions within the rules of the market, and giving average people the bargaining power they need to get a larger share of the gains from growth. It will be between a majority of Americans who have been losing ground, and an economic elite that refuses to recognize or respond to its growing distress. He has written 13 books, including the best-sellers Aftershock and The Work of Nations. 

Keywords: [“Work”,”American”,”more”]
Source: http://www.newsweek.com/real-reason-growing-gap-between-rich-and-poor-377662

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 07-27-2018

Why Become a Nurse?

According to the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, understaffed nursing schools must turn away qualified applicants because of a limited number of nurse educators. Not only does the number of RN graduates suffer, but also the number of advanced practice nurses, nurse administrators, and nurse managers trained to fill open positions; thus increasing the demand for nursing professionals all across the board. Multiple Career Paths: Nurses may fill general practice positions, such as becoming a registered nurse or nurse practitioner. Others may concentrate on a specialty, as seen in the oncology nurse or family nurse practitioner. As a nurse for ten years, Rose spent most of her time in LTC and SNF management, and calls nursing an appealing field because it ‘teaches you as you go. 

MSN – Registered nurses with an interest in becoming an advanced practice nurse, nurse educator, nurse anesthetist or nurse manager, must earn a Master’s of Science in Nursing through an accredited graduate degree program. Attending a degree program is not the only manner in which a nurse can become educated, enhance his or her skills, and/or gain valuable experience. Specialties: Nurses with specializations and certifications often earn higher salaries with some of the highest-paying nurse specialties including Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist, Nurse Researcher, and Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner. Registered nurse credentials add value to a work history that is often respected in other fields, which makes it easier for nurses to find work if they become disabled, retire, or seek new employment. Lattavo is now the President of the Academy of Medical-Surgical Nurses, and says she is grateful for making the decision to become a nurse. 

From classroom to workplace, the support system available to a nurse is unending, and includes the likes of professors, clinical instructors, faculty, alumni, doctors, and other nurses. Brock’s work history includes medical sales, working with oncology patients, caring for infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, starting a traveling nurse agency, heading a nurse staffing business, and serving as a patient care coordinator for an insurance company. 

Keywords: [“nurse”,”nursing”,”work”]
Source: http://everynurse.org/become-nurse

Eugene V. Debs

As a rule, large capitalists are Republicans and small capitalists are Democrats, but workingmen must remember that they are all capitalists, and that the many small ones, like the fewer large ones, are all politically supporting their class interests, and this is always and everywhere the capitalist class. The political solidarity of the working class means the death of despotism, the birth of freedom, the sunrise of civilization. The capitalist class is represented by the Republican, Democratic, Populist and Prohibition parties, all of which stand for private ownership of the means of production, and the triumph of any one of which will mean continued wage-slavery to the working class. Deny it as may the cunning capitalists who are clear-sighted enough to perceive it, or ignore it as may the torpid workers who are too blind and unthinking to see it, the struggle in which we are engaged today is a class struggle, and as the toiling millions come to see and understand it and rally to the political standard of their class, they will drive all capitalist parties of whatever name into the same party, and the class struggle will then be so clearly revealed that the hosts of labor will find their true place in the conflict and strike the united and decisive blow that will destroy slavery and achieve their full and final emancipation. The working class must be emancipated by the working class. 

Woman must be given her true place in society by the working class. The working class must be employed by the working class. The fruits of labor must be enjoyed by the working class. War, bloody war, must be ended by the working class. The master class has always declared the wars; the subject class has always fought the battles. 

The master class has had all to gain and nothing to lose, while the subject class has had nothing to gain and all to lose – especially their lives. Here let me emphasize the fact – and it cannot be repeated too often – that the working class who fight all the battles, the working class who make the supreme sacrifices, the working class who freely shed their blood and furnish the corpses, have never yet had a voice in either declaring war or making peace. 

Keywords: [“class”,”work”,”capitalist”]
Source: https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Eugene_V._Debs

After Capitalism

To put it into a slogan: Capitalism Is No Alternative, or CINA. Four recent books provide radical and practical alternative visions for both the workplace and the economy more generally. These turbulent last four years are only a beginning to a revolutionary era of transformation away from capitalism. 5Wolff reminds us that democracy is inconsistent with the production of surplus-value in capitalism and the profit motive. All these authors also underscore the social pathologies generated by capitalism. Most investments in contemporary capitalism are highly speculative and short-term, rather than productive and long-term. 

They each provide alternative models to socioeconomic pathologies that constitute the ontology of capitalism. Schweickart offers a moral and ethical critique of capitalism, along with presenting the negative socioeconomic effects the dynamics and tendencies produce on human beings within the system in the form of inequality, unemployment, overwork, poverty, economic instability, and environmental degradation. Maheshvarananda has in mind a very long-term alternative to capitalism. Clearly all four of these revolutionary thinkers believe the time to transform society is now, the time to democratize the workplace is now, the time to recognize CINA and finally absent capitalism from existence is now. Their call to action is radically consistent with systemic theories of capitalism, and with the understanding of capitalism’s normal state as stagnation, periodic financial collapse, and individual worker hardship. 

Although there is certain to be disagreement as to explanations of the quadruple crises of global capitalism and in the models of alternative societies to today’s failed system or CINA, there is no room to claim TINA! Also see Barry C. Lynn, Cornered: The New Monopoly Capitalism and the Economics of Destruction for dozens and dozens examples of how oligopolistic firms supersede the constraints of the market and use their sheer size, vast resources, and endless political power to control and direct virtually every industry in the United States, effectively reinstituting the monopoly power of sixteenth-century feudalism. 

Keywords: [“capitalism”,”political”,”economic”]
Source: http://proutaftercapitalism.blogspot.com

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 07-22-2018

Social capital

Contents: introduction social capital for starters types of social capital the decline in social capital some critiques of the bowling alone theses the benefits of social capital social capital in organizations social capital and informal education conclusion – some issues with social capital further reading and references links acknowledgements how to cite this article. Putnam: ‘Whereas physical capital refers to physical objects and human capital refers to the properties of individuals, social capital refers to connections among individuals – social networks and the norms of reciprocity and trustworthiness that arise from them. The World Bank: ‘Social capital refers to the institutions, relationships, and norms that shape the quality and quantity of a society’s social interactions Social capital is not just the sum of the institutions which underpin a society – it is the glue that holds them together’. Whereas physical capital refers to physical objects and human capital refers to the properties of individuals, social capital refers to connections among individuals – social networks and the norms of reciprocity and trustworthiness that arise from them. Those concerned with social capital have looked to the density of social networks that people are involved in; the extent to which they are engaged with others in informal, social activities; and their membership of groups and associations. 

Bridging social capital can generate broader identities and reciprocity, whereas bonding social capital bolsters our narrower selves. Bonding social capital constitutes a kind of sociological superglue, whereas bridging social capital provides a sociological WD-40. Putnam did not really look at linking social capital nor did he come to grips with the implications of different forms of social capital i.e. that ‘different combinations of the three types of social capital will produce different outcomes. Third, much of the main work undertaken around social capital has failed to properly address the gender dimension of social capital. 

Further exploration of social transformations using the notion of social capital within ‘economically advanced democracies’. The Social Capital Gateway maintained by Fabio Sabatini by is the best place to access resources for the study of social capital. The World Bank PovertyNet – Social Capital Homepage: set of pages that outline the concept and the sources of social capital. 

Keywords: [“social”,”capital”,”work”]
Source: http://infed.org/mobi/social-capital

Emerging Market Multinationals: New Giants on the Block

In their book Emerging Markets Rule: Growth Strategies of the New Global Giants, Wharton management professor Mauro Guillén and co-author Esteban García-Canal shine needed light on this new twist in the story, one that has been largely underreported in the mainstream press. Emerging market multinationals are now at the top of markets as varied as household appliances, ready-mix concrete, seamless tubes for oil drilling, regional jets, meat, bread and candy. Harkening to the guerilla tactics first set out in Sun Tzu’s The Art of War, Guillén and García-Canal view highly targeted niche markets as a kind of stealth weapon allowing emerging market upstarts to gain a toehold in the competitive and often more saturated markets of developed countries. The Chinese appliance manufacturer Haier, for example, cracked the American market by catering to the niche market of college students looking for compact refrigerators. New technology, the authors point out, makes serving niche markets more feasible than before: Flexible production systems allow companies to produce small batches and still make a profit. 

Even though a narrow market in just one country may be marginally profitable at best, the numbers turn favorable when serving that same niche across many national markets. The Mexican brewer Modelo, for example, broke into the U.S. market through Corona Extra, its entry into the very specific niche of light import beer – a market segment over which Heineken held a virtual monopoly. To some extent, old-line multinationals were accustomed to simply imposing their will on the market. They allow the market – and not just the market in a macro, impersonal sense, but in the form of the wildly variable and often unpredictable needs and desires of individual customers – to dictate strategy. 

The enthusiastic embrace of niche markets is only one way EMMs have learned to follow the market. Orascom, a telecommunications company based in Egypt, learned early on how to negotiate the tricky politics of its home nation, and was later able to transfer those skills to emerging markets that established multinationals tended to shun. Learning from EMMs. The book’s final chapter is devoted to summarizing the methods by which so many Emerging Market Multinationals have challenged more entrenched firms for global dominance and to discussing how companies seeking to enter world markets might learn from their example. 

Keywords: [“market”,”company”,”EMM”]
Source: http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/emerging-market-multinationals…

Socialist Feminism: A Strategy for the Women’s Movement

INTRODUCTION. We have written this paper to express and share with other women ideas for a new strategy for the women’s movement. One is the direction toward new lifestyles within a women’s culture, emphasizing personal liberation and growth, and the relationship of women to women. We are addressing the paper now to women who share our ideas of socialist feminism, whether they are women working in the movement, women who have never been active, women who have dropped out of the movement, or women working in mixed organizations. Through the concept of sisterhood, women have tried to be responsive to the needs of all women rather than a selected few, and to support, criticize and encourage other women rather than competing with them. 

In the realm of women and work, legislation which protected women was of great benefit in easing their burden. Increasing the availability of jobs for women and encouraging talented women to enter the labor force helps employers and strengthens capitalism but at the same time gives women an opportunity to come together physically and unionize as a collective force for change. The socialist feminist strategy aims at realigning power relations through the process of building a base of power for women through a mass movement united around struggling for our self-interest Our goal is to build this movement. Women have come both to feel less isolated through consciousness-raising and to learn that women’s isolation is a social phenomenon We have come to understand more about the incredible problems which women confront in daily life and to respect the solutions we have been forced to make for survival. With the isolation and unorganized state of the women’s movement in a number of areas of the country, many women who might agree with ideas presented here are not presently working as part of the independent women’s movement. 

Many women in mixed organizations who know they are for women’s liberation are caught in the bind of either feeling guilty or hostile to the independent women’s movement. If we can do these things, we should be able to overcome the limitations of the earlier women’s movement and actively recruit women to our movement. CONCLUSION. To summarize, we have argued for a strategy toward building socialism and feminism for this specific time in history when we have strength in our sense of responsibility to women and yet weakness in our isolated situations. 

Keywords: [“women”,”movement”,”power”]
Source: http://www.historyisaweapon.com/defcon1/chisocfem.html

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 07-20-2018

Use capitulate in a sentence

The French were repulsed from Valencia; and Dupont, who had advanced into the heart of Andalusia, was compelled to retreat and ultimately to capitulate with all his forces at Baylen. In the RussoTurkish War the Servian army, under the personal command of King Milan, besieged Nish, and forced it to capitulate on the 10th January 1878. 29), though the last Polish army corps did not capitulate till the 18th of November. Albany had to blockade Margaret in Stirling Castle before she would surrender her sons, After being obliged to capitulate, Margaret returned to Edinburgh, and being no longer responsible for the custody of the king she fled to England in September, where a month later she bore to Angus a daughter, Margaret, who afterwards became countess of Lennox, mother of Lord Darnley and grandmother of James I. In December 1814 he appeared before Bogota with a force of 2000 men, and obliged the recalcitrant leaders to capitulate, – a service for which he received the thanks of congress. Ten days earlier, namely on the 4th of June, Massna had been compelled by hunger to capitulate at Genoa; but the success at Marengo, followed up by that of Macdonald in north Italy, and Moreat~ at Hohenlinden, brought the emperor Francis to sue for peace which was finally concluded -. 

In April 1555 the town was reduced to extremity and was forced to capitulate to the emperor and the duke. Saxony was in that year attacked by the Prussians, and with so much success that not only was the Saxon army forced to capitulate at Pirna in October, but the elector, who fled to Warsaw, made no attempt to recover Saxony, which remained under the dominion of Frederick. About the same time Edward Bruce took Rutherglen and laid siege to Stirling, whose governor, Sir Philip de Mowbray, agreed to capitulate if not relieved before the 24th of June 1314. Unfortunately famine compelled the garrison of Kassala to capitulate on the 3oth of July of that year, and Osman Digna hurried there from Tamai to raise a force with which to meet the Abyssinian general, Ras Alula, who was preparing for its relief. In November 1806, when Blucher, retiring from the catastrophe of Jena, had to capitulate in the vicinity of Lubeck, the town was sacked by the French. 

The Hanoverians were victorious at the battle of Langensalza on the 27th of June 1866, but the advance of fresh bodies of the enemy compelled them to capitulate two days later. In 1741 the Swedes made an effort to recover the ceded province, but through wretched management suffered disaster, and were compelled to capitulate in August 1742, ceding by the peace of Abo, next year, the towns of Villmanstrand and Fredrikshamn. 

Keywords: [“capitulate”,”forced”,”army”]
Source: http://sentence.yourdictionary.com/capitulate

Glossary of Terms: Po

After the completion of his earliest investigations, Marx concentrated the majority of his theoretical work on the critique of political economy because Marx saw that the work of the political economists most clearly exhibited the ideological forms which dominated bourgeois society: explaining the science of economics through the perspective of the large and small scale capitalist, not through the perspective of the working class. Political terrain is the broader social context of political struggle, which constrains what can and cannot be said or done, but offers a variety of possible different paths. In Europe of the 1930s class lines were very sharply drawn and politics was fought out at big street meetings and rallies between political parties with large active memberships, each with their own social clubs, their own uniforms, their own armed militia, contesting political power on the streets, in the armed forces and in parliament. Political sense means to be able to see the political terrain of one’s own times, and know which roads are open and which roads are closed. Marxists need to understand, not only the political terrain, but the material basis for the given political terrain, and be sensitive to changes in the terrain, and to be able to uncover the inner contradictions within the political terrain. 

A political revolution is the forcible overthrow of the ruling political caste by a mass movement which does not aim to overthrow the underlying relations of production or smash the state. Although the political revolution never eventuated, in Eastern Europe after the occupation by the Red Army the political revolution was alive. In East Germany in June/July 1953 there was a spontaneous but disciplined workers’ protest primarily aimed against the regime’s new system of increased work quotas, and for free elections and the liberation of political prisoners. In feudal society, for the mass of the population, there was no real distinction between politics and labour, as the political world encompassed the whole society and a person’s role in the social division of labour was identical with their position in the political order. For a collection of works on the development of political science, see Classics in Political Science. 

During the epoch of modernity, the chief instrument of political struggle has been the political party, in which social interests are given an organisational and therefore political form. The Popular Fronts in essence meant the subordination of workers’ parties to the capitalist political system. 

Keywords: [“Political”,”work”,”power”]
Source: https://www.marxists.org/glossary/terms/p/o.htm

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 07-19-2018

The Divine Mercy Chaplet

Through Saint Faustina, Jesus also revealed special ways to live out the response to His mercy-one of which is the Chaplet of Divine Mercy, as both a novena and a prayer for the three o’clock hour-the hour of His death. The Chaplet of Mercy is recited using ordinary rosary beads of five decades. At the National Shrine of Divine Mercy in Stockbridge, Massachusetts the Chaplet is preceded by two opening prayers from the Diary of Saint Faustina and followed by a closing prayer. Eternal God, in whom mercy is endless and the treasury of compassion inexhaustible, look kindly upon us and increase Your mercy in us, that in difficult moments we might not despair nor become despondent, but with great confidence submit ourselves to Your holy will, which is Love and Mercy itself. Our Lord said to Saint Faustina: Encourage souls to say the Chaplet which I have given you … 

Whoever will recite it will receive great mercy at the hour of death … When they say this chaplet in the presence of the dying, I will stand between my Father and the dying person, not as the Just Judge but as the Merciful Savior … Priests will recommend it to sinners as their last hope of salvation. Even if there were a sinner most hardened, if he were to recite this chaplet only once, he would receive grace from my infinite mercy. We, too, can make a novena of prayer for these intentions and others, especially by praying the Chaplet of The Divine Mercy. 

Second DayToday bring to Me THE SOULS OF PRIESTS AND RELIGIOUS. Most Merciful Jesus, from whom comes all that is good, increase Your grace in men and women consecrated to Your service, that they may perform worthy works of mercy; and that all who see them may glorify the Father of Mercy who is in heaven. Father of mercy and of all goodness, I beg You by the love You bear these souls and by the delight You take in them: Bless the whole world, that all souls together may sing out the praises of Your mercy for endless ages. Seventh DayToday bring to Me THE SOULS WHO ESPECIALLY VENERATE AND GLORIFY MY MERCY. Most Merciful Jesus, whose Heart is Love Itself, receive into the abode of Your Most Compassionate Heart the souls of those who particularly extol and venerate the greatness of Your mercy. 

These souls are a living Gospel; their hands are full of deeds of mercy, and their hearts, overflowing with joy, sing a canticle of mercy to You, O Most High! I beg You O God: Show them Your mercy according to the hope and trust they have placed in You. Father of Mercy, I beg You by the bitter Passion of Your Son and by His three-hour agony on the Cross: Let them, too, glorify the abyss of Your mercy. 

Keywords: [“Mercy”,”Soul”,”Jesus”]
Source: https://www.catholicity.com/prayer/divinemercy.html

Disabled people and the inclusive society: or the times they really are changing

The United Nations itself estimates that the above quote applies to some 500 million disabled people across the World and given that the UN Declaration has been in existence for 50 years, it is clear that large numbers of disabled people have suffered human rights abuses for a long time. To return to the theme of the exclusion of disabled people rather than our creation, while a comprehensive history and anthropology of disability has yet to be written, it is clear from what evidence we do have that disabled people are not excluded from all societies. In our own society disabled people have and continue to face all these forms of exclusion. Society had to do something about disabled people and it did; not being shy about using all the forms of exclusion mentioned above. A noble aim which has been somewhat tarnished in its implementation: while the Government intends to lop £750 millions off benefits for disabled people immediately, so far only 50 disabled people have found jobs under the new deal. 

The problem is that the Government’s plans to get disabled people into work are focused around 2 initiatives: a small number of special schemes and job coaches for individual disabled people. At a conservative estimate, there are a least one million disabled people of working age who are employable and such trifles are unlikely to have any significant impact on the unemployment rate amongst disabled people. Disabled people in Britain will recognise an earlier version of this policy when in the late 1960s and early 1970s the Disablement Income Group and the Disability Alliance proposed a national disability income available as of right to all disabled people. This proposal was not simply attacked on the grounds of cost but disabled people themselves argued that such a proposal would serve as a basis for the further exclusion of disabled people from other parts of society; if disabled people didn’t need jobs, why bother to educate them or given them the means to travel – so the argument went. Many disabled people fear that our disappearance from the future will not be a matter of progress but one of bitter regret, for society as well as for ourselves. 

We can be confident about this because disability studies, in Britain at least, is developing as a genuine partnership between disabled people and the academy and as a consequence of this, the voice of disabled people will be heard far louder than it otherwise might. If nothing else it will allow the voice of disabled people to be heard in fora where otherwise it would not and I am confident that the Strathclyde Centre for Disability Research will play a role in giving the disabled people of Strathclyde a voice. 

Keywords: [“people”,”Disabled”,”work”]
Source: https://www.independentliving.org/docs4/oliver.html

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 07-13-2018

Capitalism and Free Markets are One Gigantic Lie

Distributive Justice Principles

For Other Distributive Justice Approaches Altruism is being unselfishly devoted to the welfare of others. Communist distributive justice is when each person contributes according to ability and each person receives according to need. Democratic socialist, also known as welfare democracy, distributive justice has a system of social insurance to help people who are disadvantaged. It incorporates free-market principles in producing goods and services with general principles about compassion and concern for others. Egalitarian pluralism distributive justice is when everyone has a say in decisions and no person feels they will be injured by choices made by the group. 

The writings of John Rawls, A Theory of Justice discusses this approach to distributive justice. Laissez-faire capitalist distributive justice is when people, businesses, and corporations act based on their individual self-interest for their own benefit. Libertarian distributive justice is where each person is responsible for their own future no matter what happens. State or national capitalist distributive justice is when government operates the nation’s industries to maximize profits. State socialist distributive justice is a system where the government or a central authority controls the production of goods and services. 

Examples: The corporate buyouts of the 1990s in the United States. Utopian socialist distributive justice is when members of a community put the means of production in collective decision making structure. 

Keywords: [“Justice”,”Distributive”,”Examples”]
Source: https://oregonstate.edu/instruct/anth484/wpdjp.html

FANDOM powered by Wikia

Eugene Victor Debs is one of the most famous(perhaps even the most) Socialist in America. He was a union leader and a founding member of both the International Labor Union and the Industrial Workers of the World. He helped to found the American Railway Union, the largest union of it’s time. His beliefs turned to Socialism after he read the work’s of Karl Marx. Victor Berger was the man who gave him a copy of Marx’s works. 

He influenced the American Socialist Party greatly and won the nomination of it five times. This lead him to protest against the American involvement in WW1. Eugene Debs was born on November 5, 1855, in Terre Haute, Indiana to parents Jean Daniel and Marguerite Marie Bettrich Debs, who both immigrated to the United States from Colmar, Alsace, France. He dropped out of High School at the age of 14 to work as a painter. Debs became involved in the Pullman Strike in 1894, which grew out of a compensation dispute by the workers who constructed the train cars made by the Pullman Palace Car Company. 

The workers, many of whom were already members of the American Railway Union, appealed to the Union at its convention in Chicago, Illinois for support. Not many of those schooled in old-party politics have any adequate conception of the true import of the labor movement. They utterly fail or refuse to see the connection between labor and politics, and are woefully ignorant of the political significance of the labor movement of the present day. 

Keywords: [“union”,”Labor”,”work”]
Source: http://socialism.wikia.com/wiki/Eugene_V_Debs

Management advice from LinkedIn CEO Jeff Weiner

Justin Sullivan/Getty Mike Gamson is one of LinkedIn’s top executives. As the SVP of Global Solutions, Gamson is in charge of the global talent, marketing, sales, and learning teams, making him responsible for about half of LinkedIn’s roughly 10,000 employees. It was the end of 2008, and LinkedIn founder and chairman Reid Hoffman had replaced his chief executive Dan Nye with Weiner, who had been an EVP at Yahoo. Nye was a close friend, mentor, and former boss to Gamson, and had recruited him to the professional social network company a year earlier. On top of that, Gamson was dealing with the stress of a new baby at home coupled with constant cross-country travel. 

After a warm greeting, Weiner asked him what type of leader he aspired to be. That’s when Weiner told a parable told by the Dalai Lama. While that may sound like a stereotypical Silicon Valley CEO move, the ensuing two-hour conversation fundamentally changed the way Gamson would go on to manage. This isn’t all about feelings, Gamson explained – it’s also just good business. The two executives met to discuss how they should negotiate the deal, and Gamson asked how they could get the most out of it. 

Gamson would not reveal the client’s name but noted the relationship is healthy and still exists. That day he met Weiner – the day he initially approached uneasily – changed Gamson’s career. 

Keywords: [“Gamson”,”Weiner”,”deal”]
Source: http://www.businessinsider.com/management-advice-linkedin-jeff-weiner-2017-3

CSCOUT DE exciting ebook share

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Geometry skills practice workbook answers 84.course in microeconomic theory kreps solutions manual. Answers for mathematics paper 4029.9th grade biology test pearson answers. 

Keywords: [“answer”,”manual”,”solution”]
Source: http://cscout.de/compassionate/capitalism/compassionate_capitalism…

J.R.’s Zaphne Blog News for 06-29-2018

Atmosphere, Attitude, and Action by Rich DeVos

Journal of Prisoners on Prisons

General Information For 25 years, the Journal of Prisoners on Prisons has been a prisoner written, academically oriented and peer reviewed, non-profit journal, based on the tradition of the penal press. It brings the knowledge produced by prison writers together with academic arguments to enlighten public discourse about the current state of carceral institutions. This is particularly important because with few exceptions, definitions of deviance and constructions of those participating in these defined acts are incompletely created by social scientists, media representatives, politicians and those in the legal community. These analyses most often promote self-serving interests, omit the voices of those most affected, and facilitate repressive and reactionary penal policies and practices. As a result, the JPP attempts to acknowledge the accounts, experiences, and criticisms of the criminalized by providing an educational forum that allows women and men to participate in the development of research that concerns them directly. 

In an age where `crime` has become lucrative and exploitable, the JPP exists as an important alternate source of information that competes with popularly held stereotypes and misconceptions about those who are currently, or those who have in the past, faced the deprivation of liberty. Below, you can download individual articles from the issue via our new Open Journal Systems website that we will be migrating all our back issues to in 2018. You can also purchase printed copies of the issue via the University of Ottawa Press. To subscribe or purchase hard copies of the journal that sustain the publication and allow us to send issues to prisoners, please visit the University of Ottawa Press website. The JPP is currently accepting submissions for VOLUME 27, which will include at least one general issue. 

For more details about the project, please download the call for papers. Coinciding with the 20th anniversary of Convict Criminology, Andreas Aresti and Sacha Darke – both of the University of Westminster in the United Kingdom – will be editing a special issue of the JPP featuring contributions on a variety of topics, including, but not limited to the coproduction of knowledge, auto-ethnography, action research, supporting current and former prisoners in higher education, and the internationalisation of CC. For more details about the project, please download the call for papers. 

Keywords: [“issue”,”Journal”,”prisoner”]
Source: http://jpp.org

New Study on Rising Suicide Rates in the US Suggests Capitalism Is Quite Literally Killing Americans

A study released late last week showed that suicide rates have risen significantly across the country. Mental Health America estimates that 30 to 70 percent of Americans who end their own lives are suffering from either severe depression or bipolar disorder. According to a study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 54 percent of Americans who committed suicide in 27 states in 2015 had no known mental health condition. The CDC study, which examined suicide rates in all 50 states between 1999 and 2016, found that the rate of Americans taking their own lives increased by an alarming 38 to 58 percent in 12 states, 31 to 37 percent in another 12 states, and 19 percent to 30 percent in another 12 states. The CDC found that on average, suicide rates jumped by more than 30 percent for all 50 states. 

In 2011, The Federal Reserve Bank of New York published a report showing that student debt had risen by 511 percent over a 12-year period. Student debt continued to increase at a catastrophic rate, with the New York Fed finding that the average American household has roughly 828 percent more student debt in 2017 than in 1999. The Kaiser Family Foundation found that between 1999 and 2017, health insurance premiums increased by more than 200 percent. In the meantime, wage growth for the bottom 90 percent of American workers has been at a standstill since the start of the 21st century. Even though workers saw an average 15 percent increase in wages during the 1990s, data from the Economic Policy Institute shows that the vast majority of wage earners saw no cumulative growth in real annual wages between 1999 and 2013 despite worker productivity increasing by approximately 71 percent. 

When the troubling rise in American suicide rates is taken in context with the relentless redistribution of wealth from the bottom 90 percent to the top 1 percent that took place over the same period, the culprit behind the wave of suicides is abundantly clear. If local, state, and federal governments don’t take drastic steps to correct the inequality plaguing society, the trend of rising suicide rates will only continue. 

Keywords: [“percent”,”American”,”suicide”]
Source: https://off-guardian.org/2018/06/13/new-study-on-rising-suicide…

John Berger, Enemy of Neoliberal Capitalism

Berger also directs his anger at the lying and hypocrisy that permeated. The only reason I’m not naming some of the notables who signed the letter is because Berger chose not to. In 1945 and 2002, the cynical and opportunistic misuse of both language and history for Berger was directly complicit in the perpetuation of violence on a mass scale, in which non-Western peoples are destroyed without remorse and the identity of the victims is irrelevant to the perpetrators or to American consumers of dominant media outlets. Berger concurs with the overview of the Zapatista leader Marcos that the end of the Cold War is the start of the 4th World War, meaning a struggle between a reconfigured field of global agents for markets and resources amid which the logic of financialization is extended to all aspects of life. One of Berger’s key essays here is Against the Great Defeat of the World from 1997 with its extraordinary recuperation of Bosch’s Garden of Earthly Delights. 

One can imagine what must have been Berger’s impatience or irritation with post-modern notions of a borderless rhizomatic global surface of flows and seamless circuits that somehow had leveled established hierarchies and redistributed power to the multitude. Perhaps most important is Berger’s refusal of the enforced invisibility of the immense global underclass, its desperation, and its hopes. Berger’s own work was never an application of Marxist theory. One repeatedly encounters the consonance between Berger’s thinking and crucial sections in the German Ideology and the 1844 Manuscripts. I’ll conclude with one of the many instances in which Berger reclaims a work from the past for its value as an opening onto the chaos of our own time. 

Berger here turns to Simone Weil for her avowal that the one of hardest tasks we face is the recognition of affliction, the recognition that the sufferer exists. For Berger, what Gericault’s portrait retains for us in the present is simply a trace of the fragile human faculty of compassion. 

Keywords: [“Berger”,”art”,”work”]
Source: http://politicsslashletters.org/john-berger-enemy-neoliberal-capitalism